Asian Philosophy Week One Notes
Asian Philosophy Week One Notes 216
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Teresa Notetaker on Monday January 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 216 at University of Wisconsin Green Bay taught by Dr. Kim in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Asian Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Wisconsin Green Bay.
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Date Created: 01/25/16
12716 Reading In the Buddha s Words CH 1 0 Thinking about 0 Why did the buddha come up with these ideas 0 Buddhist philosophyway of thinking vs WesternChristian beliefs 0 Does it make sense Objective perspectiveOpen minded Q The Human Condition 0 Christians l Life is precious but sin exists 0 Humans made sinbroke bonds with god 0 This life isn t eternal M you can live forever with god 0 Choose to go against godHell for eternity I Live a holyrighteous life 0 Buddhists I No one can escape lifeold agedying l Greatest achievement is nonexistence the end of reincarnation 0 Vs Christians belief that greatest achievement is a life forever lived with godeternity l Existence is a sign of suffering 0 According to Buddha we can endure it but there is no hope for eternal life 0 Aging and Death Human Condition cont d Q What should we do in Buddhist terms and how should we live I 2 ways to respond to suffering suffering meaning the eternity of life 0 1 Live pursuing pleasurefun 0 ie YOLO life is short enjoy yourself while you can 0 Searching for ways to preserve your life longerspend money on medicine for that extra ten years 0 2 Live righteously similar to Christian perspective 0 Be good and do good I Think Why should we live that way 0 But how can we live that wayWhat are the guidelines l Kamm aKarma Q Kamma and Karma 0 Define Law of cause and effect 0 No one can save us from suffering eternal life but ourselves and our actionsideas l Every action and idea has consequences 0 ie Unrighteous actions yield similar consequences I If you live well your future life will be better 0 Either reincarnated into a better life or not reincarnated at all 0 Also affects current life 0 ie You throw trash on the ground you ll have bad luck the rest of the day Q 3 Aspects of Human Life besides aging and dying which is experienced by everyone 0 Aspect 1 Painful Bodily Feelings l Possible Responses 0 Aversion You feel suffering misery distress and painful mental feelings as well 0 Endureremain unbothered You endure the pain without painful mental response 0 Mental training and mindfulness are necessary for this 0 Buddha says it can be done but it s difficult 0 Example Monks who kill themselves using fire but don t moveand appear to not experience any pain I Buddha Bodily pains need not trigger emotional reactions of misery fear resentment and distress O Aspect 2 Changing Vicissitudes of Fortunes I There are 4 mentioned 1st is positive possibility 2nd is negative 0 Gain or Loss 0 Fame or Disrepute 0 Praise or Blame Q Pleasure or Pain l Possible Responses 0 Be affected Elated by success 1st possibility and upset when negative things happen 2nd possibility Q Remain unchanged Whether it is a good or bad outcome there is no attachment l Why should we not be happy when good things happen and sad when bad things happen Q Humans crave eternityWe don t like change 0 In reality things always change Famemoneypleasure come and go 0 Aspect 3 Changing Identity SelfDecay and Destruction l Possible Responses 0 Be agitated distressed anxious violent when your identity is threatened 0 ie Terrorists who kill other people using violence because they threaten their religious identity 0 Remain unbothered realize your identity isn t so important 0 ie Not becoming angryupset when people offend your way of life I Connects to the 5 aggregates 0 Self gt 5 aggregates O This is the fst nobel truth 0 The aggregates are all processes explained below 0 There is no identity I ie You look at a past picture of yourself and say Oh this is me but to the Buddha that isn t you I You came from the past versions of yourself but you are not the same person as you were back then I Evervthino is constantlv changing O 5 aggregates are Form feeling perception volitional formations consciousness l Buddha says all of these are separate constantly changing and although they make us we don t really have a hold on who we are because of the constant changes I All of these are processes by which we define ourselves 0 Form or Bodily Process We think of ourselves as one body unchanged and although we do notice physical differences over time we don t really realize how much we ve changed For instance the human body s cells completely replace themselves within 7 years so 7 years ago you were a completely different person physically than you are now Thus Buddha s thinking that we are not the same as we were 0 Contradicts Western idea of a Soul I The Soul is unchanging opposite to the ideas of Buddha I You are your soul so if your body changes it doesn t matter because your soul remains unchanged 0 Buddha says Okay so where is the soul 0 The usual explanations Well my soul is with my thinking My soul is the way I am can be explained by the 5 aggregates Q You can t find the soul but you can find the aggregates 0 Buddha also says that this idea of Self is the origin of suffering 0 Violence stems from the obsessive need to preserve ourselves I Back to the terrorists who kill for their religion 0 We cling to the idea of self and would do anything for more life and more time and in Buddhist terms more suffering 0 Important points 0 No one is free from aging or death I You can t buy it away you can t avoid it by being a good person I The best people age and die and so do the worst people 0 The self is the beginning of suffering I Everything changes constantly O Suffering is eternity l The only way to end suffering is to not be reincarnated again 0 Sidenotes O In Buddhism the Buddha is not a god he is a teacher I People pray in front of his statues now but he wouldn t have allowed that when he was alive 0 Gender and Buddhism l Repeatedly when the Buddha speaks he uses hehim pronouns talks about men and never about women I This is a culture thing but in Buddhism gender is fluid and does not matter towards your worth as a person
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