Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 2
Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 2
Popular in Course
Popular in Department
This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Arizona taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 48 views.
Reviews for Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/06/15
Lecture 11 27 Sept 2005 Conservation Biology ECOL 406R506R University of Arizona Fall 2005 Kevin Bonine Kathy Gerst Conservation Biolo 406R 506R 1 Donlan article 2 Role Playing Feedback 3 Exams back Thursday 4 Lab Friday meet at ECE206 5 Paradigms and Theories Ch5 Pleistocene Rewilding of North America Donlan et al 2005 Nature 436913914 1 What happened about 13k yrs ago in N America 2 Are there really no apparent costs to restoring Bolson s tortoise 3 How do you predict African cheetahs and US mountain lions would interact 4 Is this paper about playing God Are we a natural force in the evolution of life on this planet a Large a N H n 5 Small 39 Piss 1m in eslahhshmeni 5 Y b h guye39llPllishxene mwlldln in Nnnhnmeriu w 3 mumemhorsesuzqmmuimin ml 2 a H 4 Ln mkknuudl 2 mm mm Mschuclalnsangmy unwimnlnpimm E H mxdlmus IvcllkclhmcxulcandArtArcqmrcdlommrr g leivrlmbkum mlnnlmaml g mummy unmumnmw 5 an Icmmumrlc mlmlm wnmmlmualmnl itl u H l Law Low High Emlugica me ecosystem inlerauwny n mamc HM l Familialeconomiccultural mum 5 Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan Role Playing Exercise in class 8 September 2005 Interest Groups for roleplaying exercise Developers Andrew Galassi Christine Schirrner Chad Radford Jennifer Oas Ranchers Tony Dee Ariel Tinney Emily Butler Lisa Felix Center for Biological Diversity Brendan Cook Stacy Skopp Matt Cole Kimberly Mars US Fish and Wildlife Service Aaron Poe Gabrielle Lehmicke Linette Ancha Kathryn Marlor Miners Erin Deely Sarah White Brooke LaFlamme Justin Schneider Panel to Report Recommendations to Pima Co Pima County Board of Supervisors Nicolas RamosLara Natasha Pierce Jenny Bauman Samantha Redmon Written Assignment 1 Which interest group if any won the debate Why Which interest group fared poorly in your eyes Why 2 What information was missing that you think the Advisory Panel would need to make a reasonable recommendation to the citizens and government of Pima County 3 What information would your specific group like to have had in order to make your case and represent your point of view 4 How is the ESA relevant both positively and negatively to the SDCP 5 Please comment on the efficacy of this roleplaying exercise 5 Chapter 5 Paradigms Genetic Diversity MVP PVA Island Biogeography Metapopulations Habitat Heterogeneity Disturbance Chap 6 Genetics of Conservation Biology Genetic Diversity A 1 mum Rummy 39 l Pnpulmian Size A Small Populations reduced gene flow inbreeding depression W 5 stochasticity effective population size Ne Declining Populations Effective Population Size Ne 4Nme NmNf Eg a population of seals with 6 males and 150 females Ne 461506150 23 Mmcmkm l Inbreeding Coefficient 2 allele idenuczl by descent K i 393 1 Rule Frankel and Soule lw 0 2p 40 so so lOO 120 140 160 lm 200 220 Population 5mm l Figure 53 r 7 Jill wall l l mm W Pu r ul li aw mm Jlr 17 lm vanKeznnz mm Fmllrl um nuL 4 m1 l m Quickly lose rare alleles in bottlenecks Papulatlan Size Dom no figure 52 1 1 39 quot quot 39 Cheetah Major Histocompatibility Complex 11 Drift When populations number less than a few hundred individuals random events become more important to genetic structure of population than natural selection 3000 10000 breeding adults 12 C yprnodon macuarus Dese rt Pu p sh Desert pupfish declined due to the introduction and spread of exotic predatory and competitive fishes water 39 impoundment and diversion water pollution groundwater pumping stream channelization and habitat modification ix 7 l alum PlvE cactus 7 Vi omit NAVIONALIADNUMEN Y k f healthy pupulanun or almcst lumu shinhebie this Basis This lastreiuge Ufa unique sh is being amvelv managed OLlllubaquiio Desert F39up sh Cyp hodo maL UafUS Quitobaguim pupfish Endangered since 1986 Desert Pu pfish This tiny sh was once pat of a widespread population the range of which included the Colorado Gila San Pedro Salt and Sanm Cruz rivers and the39r tribumries in Arizona and California The ancesmrs of the Quimbaquito and Sonoyta river pup sh ae believed to have been cutoff from the39r relatives in the Colorado Rive dra39nage about one million years ago Family Cyprinodon dae The warm slightly bradltish water at Quitobaquito is ideal habitat for puptish Pup sh can toleram salinity leveb ranging from normal tap water no wate three times saltier than the ocean iheefore they are well ilited to desert environmene where high evaporation rates create wate with high salinity levels yoflthn kin 71714 39nd1es long max age of three years rfemales ae gray and drab males ae bush turning bright blue d 39 39 b d39 quotquotg 33 quot9 39ee 39quot9 seamquot Although the wamr tempeature at the spring is a constant 74 F the wamr temperature in the pond uctuams greatly during the year from about 40 F or cooler in January to almost 100 F 39n August especially in shallow areas very tolerant of rapid temperature d1ange and low oxygen Conte1t due to ilmme heat rfeed on insect larvae and other organic matter from pond bothm sprefe shallow pond depths about 12to 1s 39nd1es deep Extinction Vortex for a population F Vortex inbreeding depression lethal equivalents homozygous recessives A Vortex genetic drift and loss of variation can t adapt R Vortex r spontaneous rate of increase coupled with environmental stochasticity D Vortex discontinuity isolation 15 Emlrunmenlvlndspsndsm r Vortex smrmnmsm nepsnasm lnhrsadln Deplesslngn lAaamauan l Hasmzvuusuy P b llllun Smmuru l 7quot u and anuu l inbreeding A f Dsmuwavhlo Randomness lN Figure 55 The r vurlex and A vor ex m mermg and degenerulrve cycles or popurmn agile amen by an imaging rmr gr whaling aepmon F mad or a 59mm alarer are muralsquot lo aw in a hanging swamquot A mu m m emzertnled M Mr pplrunm N is me popurmn me D is we pupurmm drs nhulran m ire pprrurms mm was Dr meme and N u we events warmquot m Armsmmdsmam VanDykezoos 397 i Environmenlal i i Dklumunne Pnnulmlnn Demnumnmc l lnanaomness i R figure 51 we 2 Vanex an otzelerumg and degenemlive was cl Wilma decline am by irvcieming winemuiw in envimnmenlul aluminum a iw malaria ms N i Mumquot m D i popululicn dislnbuhcn m the mum inslunbnecus rule of image and N is live allecme pawblion size Afro Gilpiri and Soul 1956i VanDyke 2003 pnpuiauun Pnenntyne am i i a Demonralmlt Randomness nguu 57 The n or aimiimy Vonex an uzcelemiing and aegemm Me Di mum agile driven by live qugmeniuiion ml live pcpulmiari m smaller mi smulbr aim N is Wilmaquot m D it pcpulmiari disinbumn and N is live alledhe mum m A lowering mi N and an increase in demogiaplii mndamnas an aim live mini mailman oi a Mum Naming or imam liugmenmiian NW liugmemed disiribmuns imam 17 the ileum 0F imi was Aflo Gum and Soul 1955i Hardy Weinberg Equation two alleles p q p q2 I32 2pq q2 Under Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium qu Ho can be calculated He If p06 q04 then qu 048 He 18 Wright s Fixation Index Fst O or lt001 indicate little divergence among pops Fst gt 01 indicate much divergence among pops Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium two alleles p q Expected heterozygosity 2pq FSt Ht39HsHt H heterozygosity l Se a ate 0 lat39ons Total Pool p r p pu I 19 Equilibrium Heterozygosity AH 0 H 2Nm H heterozygosity N population size m mutation rate Therefore smaller populations have lower equilibrium heterozygosity 20 10 Rate 4 Minimum Viable Population MVP Frankel Soule Franklin Shaffer 50500 Rule Short ter Mid term PVA Equilibrium Theory of Island Biogeography Species equilibria lor A small islands larlrcrn colonizing source B large islands larlrom colonizing source 0 small islands near colonizing source D large islands near colonizing source Near Small Long Term 21 Figure 59 Enrnr non 3w sqiiiiilrio Albumi1 mm Marimlmr and Wilmri mom VanDyke 2003 Number of Species 4 22 11 Equilibrium Theory of Island Biogeography oHabitat Fragmentation oReserve Design oPredictions vs Observations oMissing Factors Rescue Effect 23 APLAH Fun muuyznsn SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN if m iau nnrgusuiulluns mum fnceul nIsas mm and Ulzullll IIIIIIIIII 24 12 THE LAWSUF BIOGEDERAPHY Hmm audlmkms zuus Hmm andJenkms znus 13 Metapopulation Spatially disjunct groups of individuals with some demographic or genetic connection largely independent yet interconnected by migration 1 All local populations must be prone to extinction 2 Persistence of entire population requires recolonization of individual sites See p193 in VanDyke text 27 14
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'