Survey of American History
Survey of American History 1903
Arkansas Tech University
Popular in Survey of American History
Popular in History
Justin A. Whitney
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Wisenbaker on Monday January 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1903 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Pearson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History in History at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 01/25/16
Indentured servants were the poor people of England A lot of them were orphans or convicts There contracts were four to seven year but it was very easy for the contract to be extended The contracts were extended if the servant did not obey their master or if property was damaged They considered starting a family as damaging property Slavery came from a whiteideology It was just justi ed because they looked different they weren t like the English in culture or religion Two major reasons to keep slaves was because the Africans could survive the seasoning process They were use to the hot climate where as those who came from London were used to cooler climate London sits on the same parallel as New York so the weather and air was different to them Many indentured servants died because of the climate from heat stroke or heat exhaustion Most Africans slaves came from around the Equator line so the heat did not bother them The second reason was that they didn39t have to pay freedom dues which created competition Increase supply means a decrease in demand Slavery made a slow transition from 1620 to 1680 In the 167039s Virginia began to introduce the quotslave codesquot They were a set of laws regulating the slave trade It made the slaves a type of property They became quotChattelquot which means human property The laws de ned what it meant to be black and white If you were white you were an indentured servant if you were black then you were a slave It also said that if the mother was black and a slave then the child was a black slave The other Southern colonies began to popup in this time Maryland was established in 1634 as a southern colony It was established by George Calvert Lord Baltimore It was established as a safe haven for Catholics Immediately it became like Virginia the staple crop was tobacco The Carolinas were originally one colony but there was distinct North and South region It was started in 1650 but didn t have its rst town for 15 years later The main thing manufactured in North Carolina was tar pitch and turpentine South Carolina started off with a big city Charleston It was an urban cosmopolitan city The people who settled there were from Bermuda Their main crop was sugar cane By the early 170039s the families from Bermuda were 3re or 4th sons from wealthy families sent to the new world by their families to establish plantations When these sons arrived there was already a home built and furnished and all their slaves were there waiting for them These sons were very rich aristocrats Because tobacco and corn did not grow very well in South Carolina they grew rice The rice came from the slaves who grew it back in the homelands The second cash crop was indigo which is a purpleish blue ower that could be changed into a dye South Carolina was the only colony that had two cash crops It was also one of the only places were the slaves outnumbered the free Georgia was established around the 170039s as colony for convicts In general the south was very aristocratic in nature This was because of the plantations and the slaves They tried to model their lives as a British aristocratic The richest American was the poorest British But they prided themselves as being as self suf cient as possible When the North was established it was very different from the South The rst Northern Colony was established by the pilgrims They were religious zealous and traveled to the Holy sites They were not puritans they were separatists They thought that the Church of England was still too in uenced by the Catholic Church The Pilgrims cut all ties with the Church of England left England and went to rst Holland They believed that their kids were become too Dutch They then went back to England By 1619 they left again to cleanse themselves from England They sailed across the Atlantic Ocean on the May ower in 1620 They were blown off course by storms so it took them three months to make it to the New World In December of 1620 they spotted Cape Cod and settled there They called it Plymouth Rock The supplies that they had brought with them went bad while they were at sea When the next group from England arrived they only found 50 of the 120 people They next year 1621 was a better year for the pilgrims The Wampanoag and Narragansett noticed them and ended up helping them survive Somoset was the rst Indian to talk to the pilgrims because he knew some English but not enough to understand what all was going on Later he brought back Squanto He was the reason the pilgrims survived He also worked out a peace treaties with the surrounding tribes along with trade agreements He taught the pilgrims how to survive on Cape Cod He taught them how to catch sh then plant them so that they would neutralize the soil At the end of the rst successful harvest they had the rst thanksgiving feast They served sh and sea food oyster and scallops deer corn beans and squash The colony was called Plymouth Plantation In 1630 a second group landed around Boston Massachusetts They established the Massachusetts Bay Colony It was settled by the Puritans They were different from the pilgrims because they wanted to reform the Church of England They wanted to purify the church To do this they wanted to start their colony based on God39s Rules for Man Their rst governor was Jonathan Winthrop He said that their colony would be a City on the Hill that they would be a light to the world Puritans were never thought to have a good time they were thought to be buzz kills They were thought to be judgmental and took every thing that God said very seriously They story quotThe Scarlet Letterquot shows how people thought of puritans The rst governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony was John Winthrop Puritans believe that God should be always on their mind They believe should in the world but not of it meaning that the world was good but not so good that it took away from God They believed in moderation it was ok to enjoy things but not just too much Unlike the south were people settled as individuals in Massachusetts people settled as communities Sometimes they came over as whole congregations Slowly as the communities grew the people spread out as smaller communities and made new towns The rst thing that was built in the town was the church the rst thing that the town did was hire a preacher The church was a place where the community could come together The other big function for the church was because it doubled as a school The Southern Colonies were established by individuals In the North farming was a smaller enterprise but they had smaller farm production They had economic diversity which meant that they had several sources of income besides farming In the South the economy is based on the production of staple crops and slave trade In the North there was a number of different businesses and jobs Some of the jobs were Farming shing whaling ship building and repairing rigger rope maker lumber store owners brewers distiers lawyers doctors coopers and wheelwright There has always been more people in the North than in the South because there was more job opportunities There was also a big shortage of women Men would send money over to England to buy a wife A good woman would be from 80 to 100 pounds of tobacco There were also ship that would bring eligible women from England to be auctioned off to the highest bidder but the women did have veto power The North was appealing to nd jobs education and start family Eventually the North would outnumber the south 2 to 1 In the 180039s it was 3 to 1It attracted a larger immigration population In the 163039s New Hampshire became a colony In 1635 Rhode Island was settled as Providence Plantation by Rodgers Williams He started Providence Plantation because he was excommunicated from the Puritan colony He was kicked out because he said that the king and the colony had committed the sin of coveting neighbor s goods He said that the king had stolen the land from the Native Indians He also claimed that you cannot force someone to join the church He took all of his followers and created Providence Plantation Pennsylvania was established by William Penn He established it as a safe haven for Quakers The Quakers were paci st meaning that they did not believe in violence They were known as the quotSociety of Friendsquot They did not recognize social classes they treated all classes the same with familiarity William Penn was a noble39s son His father was an admiral in the Navy When his father died William inherited all his dads wealth The king owed the Penn family money so when William went to collect it the king just gave him the land of Pennsylvania It was established in 1681 He worked out a treaty with the Indians and paid them for the land He established it for true Religious Freedom a safe haven for religious minority Pennsylvania became a fright operation center because of where it was located on the bay It also became the bread basket of America They were able to grow plenty of wheat barley and oats During this time of America there were many Indian Wars The main Indian War was the Metacom War in the north One out of every ten people died This war was so violent that they attacked settlements out of the 90 towns the Indians attacked 50 of them In the nal battle the British attacked the Metacom village and killed their chief They cut off this body parts and sent them to neighboring tribes as a way to say not to mess with them They kept the head for themselves and had it on a spike in the center of Plymouth for 30 years They sold his wife and kids into slavery The Great Awakening began in 1747 It began with George White eld he was a trained Anglican preacher He gave his speeches were giving outside in a campmeeting type environment He preached from his heart and not from a book He preached about personal experience Up until that point everyone was a Calvinist that God had already decided on how your life would go
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