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Geography 111-- Chapter 1

by: amber weiss

Geography 111-- Chapter 1 Geography 111 Sec 002

amber weiss
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Intro to Geography
Stacey Brown

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About this Document

Chapter 1 Notes in a condensed and easier to understand form
Intro to Geography
Stacey Brown
Class Notes
Geography 111




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by amber weiss on Monday January 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geography 111 Sec 002 at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville taught by Stacey Brown in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Intro to Geography in Geography at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville.


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Date Created: 01/25/16
6 60 6 60 6 60 6 60 6 60 6 60 6 60 Chapter 1 Geography 111 Dr Brown Condensed Notes Geography is the study of the interaction of all physician and human phenomena at individual places are of how interactions among places form patterns and organize space Geographers tell us Where things are using the MAP Why the places are unique Place vs regions And the signi cance of the location Connections and interrelationships How do geographers decide Where things are They use maps The earliest map dates back to 4500 years ago There was an increase in mapmaking during the Age of Exploration 15 17th centuries Other map examples 1 World map by Ptolemy in 150 BC 2 World map by AlLarisi in 1154 included more islands 3 World map by Waldseemuller in 1507 included the western hemisphere 4 World map by Ortelius in 1571 included Antarctica 1St map to include this continent Cartography is the science of mapmaking To make a map a cartographer has to make two decisions 1 How much of Earth39s surface should be included on the map map scale 2 How to transfer the spherical shape of Earth onto paper projection Proiection is the scienti c method of transferring locations on earth s surface to a at map The accurate shape to describe earth would be a globe The challenge is when you project the earth onto paper you get distortions One part of the earth could look larger or smaller than it is supposed to be Geographic Grid Divides earth into longitudes and latitudes The geographic grid is based for time zones LONGITUDE measures East to West LATITUDE measures North to South Equator 1 degree 69 miles Latitude is at Time Zones This will be on the EXAM Earth makes a complete rotation every 24 hours and as a sphere is divided into 360 degrees of longitude Each 15 degrees represents 1 hour in book page 11 oz Regions is an area on earth with a unique combination of features 3 types of regions are 1 Functional 2 Formal 3 Vernacular oz Functional regions an area organized around a node or focal point 60 Formal Region an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics oz Vernacular regions a place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity POPULAR idea 0 60


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