Week 1 Notes
Week 1 Notes FAD 2230
Popular in Family Relationships
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Harrison Harward on Monday January 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FAD 2230 at Florida State University taught by Sung Cho in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 128 views. For similar materials see Family Relationships in Child and Family Studies at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 01/25/16
Chapter 1 Why study families and other close relationships How do you de ne family 0 O O 0 Should be married Should have children Should be heterosexual relationship Should be living together De nition of a family 0 O Burgess and Locke 1945 quotA group of persons united by the ties of marriage blood or adoption constituting a single household interacting and communicating with each other in the respective social roles husband and wife mother and father son and daughter brother and sister and creating and maintaining a common culturequot Seccombe 2015 quotA relationship by blood marriage or affection in which members may Cooperate economically Care for children 0 Consider their identity intimately connected to the larger groupquot Types of Family 0 Family of orientation Family you are born into parents adopted parents grandparents etc Family of procreation Having children adopting future formed family Fictive Kin not by blood but close relationship Functions of Family 0 0 Regulation of sexual behavior Cultural normal global affected by history Reproducing and socializing children Introducing children to culture in adolescence Property and Inheritance After death Economic cooperation and provision Social placement status and roles Care warmth protection and intimacy Lecture 3 FAD What are the characteristics traits behaviors personality and looks of someone who is o Ultrafeminine o Ultramasculine Femininity words commonly used to describe 0 Dependen o Graceful t o lnnocent o Emotional o Nurturing 0 Passive 0 Weak o Sensitive 0 Self 0 Quiet critical Masculinity words commonly used to describe 0 lndepende o Tough nt skinned 0 Non o Competiti emotional ve o Aggressiv o Clumsy e o Experienc ed Soft SexuaHy submissiv e Accepting Strong Active Self con dent Hard SexuaHy aggressive Rebellious Sex 0 Biological characteristics male and female anatomy determined at birth Gender 0 Culturallysocially constructed characteristics differences associated with the two sexes o What is means to be masculine Gender role 0 The expected behavior attitudes and obligation that a society assigned to each 0 Or expectations about appropriate masculine and feminine behaviors and attitudes o It does not necessarily correspond with one s sex Gender Roles Agenticlnstrumental Role traditionally masculine characteristics CommunalExpressive Role traditionally female characteristics Androgyny an quotinbetweenquot role have both traditionally masculine and feminine characteristcs Key Terms Gender identity the degree to which an individual sees him or herself as feminine or masculine based on society s de nition of appropriate gender roles Socialization the process by which society in uences members to internalize attitudes beliefs values and expectations Socialization 0 Agents of socialization parents schools toys peers the media We are born male and female biological sex Our culture and place in history de nes what it means to be masculine and feminine gender Nature vs Nurture Heredity vs Environment These are the quotdebatesquot concerning how gender roles are acquired Do we learn them Are we born knowing our roles Theories of gender socialization These are various ideas about how we get to know what gender we are and what gender behaviors we express They are mostly based on an early childhood developmental perspective Many of the theories incorporate aspects of nature and nurture Social Learning Theory Children learn gender roles from parents siblings school and the media who serve as models for masculine and feminine behaviors bandura 1977 Children imitate models and are rewarded for quotsexappropriatequot behavior SelfIdenti cation Theory Kohlberg 1966 Child becomes aware of being either male or female around age 3 Children categorize themselves by identifying behaviors that are appropriate to their sex Children socialize themselves from available cultural materials Gender Schema Theory Bem 1981 Children develop a basis of knowledge about how girls and boys behave from the culture in which they live Once this framework is developed this schema in uences how the child processes new information The child will retain genderconsistent information easier than gender inconsistent information schema describes an organized pattern of thought or behavior that organizes categories of information and the relationships among them mental structure APA Style What is APA Style American psychological association the scienti c and professional organization of psychologists in the united states FORMAT POSTED ON BLACKBOARD
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