Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 3
Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 3
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Lecture 02 25 Aug 2005 Conservation Biolo 406R 506R 1 What is Consenation Biology Conservation Biology 2 3X5 cards ECOL 406R506R University of Arizona Fall 2005 Lab Friday mmorrow 1230 5 side BSE 4th and Highland Hat water ilnscreen zztag Tumamoc Hill website Competent before radical Data and science then tingerpainting Consilience in Conservation Biology Science and the Humanities Ecological Footprint Ecological Footpr39nt H0 MEWORKI Reproduction sHousing rTravel rFood rEm How many planets needed at 45 acresperson m live like the mem ECOL406R506R student mean45 Compare us to other countries using same answers mama ECOLOGICAL roormm in Us is 2 ACRES PER panson WORLDWIDE YHERE EXIST 4 5 BIOLOGICMLV PRODUUNE ACRES PER panson http wwweard1day nettootprintindex asp 2 Aim go 328m 9 8 augma m 38 gaggle 408 639me 408 quot18 42m 08 3 amujacgg v urnquotle11 x39an imam alww 52335332 1 c 5 Enm a 25 mam E as l I It ll El 35 aliend I IIIEl liixlvli triflimnthuu Ra I 9 is I junk I 153 hl Jillnu Il winquotFlying l t Will a rip n ma mqnw I I Maui tally a 5 I iiiEl I I ma fled Iu m 1 all 15 32113 quotquot1quot nuquot t H F lm z 234quot and innu plan u 9351 1th uuni I umsglviA ulillrhuk 113 till 43 1 1 1d III I nannllil ill 39i I 4 I II nu nu Inlli Illl up l u nitluiiaa quotAl l quotrquot Ill nah 139 m 9M ull m gmm man manquot a l l J l i I rl aim Eur mE mbmm Em 85 5 mean M 9 8 was 23 Hanan Ee III EE 3 1 i Mi 5 in s 3 S 52 l LIL Than i 39 h Imp 391 1th I 5v I 39 i In I oinnnr39 Brunoii Study nds many are Ingalfg aislmut war 39qu mam Gat ngltmn gnu lalmw 375 mm m gaggingIIqu 1an quothum mp m m um m mm m mv mm mm jaw arm m m 1 m quot w a mlhm lhmu r r o Inn39 um vvhmv mm t ID The plan wouldgumr Where wrllour 211 g mm a F Imlay s fragile land for l llldl l live when 5 41 T mm a n 39 r 39 yummuyrummxmuwus m In wmumm a germllorp the plums enacted M w mam 1m 9 m mm immm WA de ne quotmummwmm w v cum m m mum MW quot 1 0 Int T u Lug m lmnnmmmummrmmn 7 m mmmwnmm quot llamun rnlemmTP Jlr wmmm mrmm am n Alut39u n xlw In um m 4 mm m 1 m m mi km mwww mmquot quot quot quotquotquotquot 39 nAzrmvmwmrrw 39quotiEI Jlittmmn Wm m 2 farawmw m v 39mquot quot quot39 quot mummimw mm a lmmgmu 39 v um quotw r 1 an m um um mmnnm quotmmW quotquotquot quotquot quot H WM i quot Inlnm rmn mun M min2x mum m n w39mlu knh lluk39llu ant mu l w lu39n mum in nun inhltlwmf mmn mm M it mm W mm mm P i n M 6 m r m quotma411 m Mam chm1 lruI L mmllmnxlnmm a m y r L w m m uzwm w W w W wmwumu mum 3m rm um l m39 m i 1 um mm m mum man u M my me mm mun xquot all 1 quot I 33 M quot my mum mum n mm mm m m mum mummm ur l m wquot Dbl 1 Emma Setviwsznd rm Suiquot1xi 4u39 m m m What is Conservation Biology When and what were the origins of the discipline Figure 15 The rm issue of Ihe inur nal Cansermhan slalom published in May 1937 whammy courlesy oiE 1 P15M Melfe and anal 1997 42 Brennan andWilhgun zuus It all starts in Colter s Hell Ethical and Conceptual Roots 1 Intrinsic Value 2 Ecosystem services 3 Aesthetic spiritual enrichment John Colter 1807 Lewis and Clark Yellowstone Area Thomas mm m MWLhTemees Mgzyhbymzm Mm IE7 43 Nunavut Pm Savut 44 RomanticTranscendentalist Ethic Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau John Muir Sierra Club 1892 NGO Education Lobby LawPolitics RomanticTranscendentalist Ethic vs Resource Conservation Ethic Yellowstone National Park 1872 Presewatlon Yosemite National Park 1890 VS c nsewat39 ESA 1917 gt Nature Conservancy 1950 a 46 A Successful life Many go shing all their lives without knowing that it is not fish they are a er quotTo laugh often and much to win the resp ect oi intelligent people and the aiiection oi children to earn the appreciation oihonest critics and endure the betrayal oi Bevimre of all enterprises that require new clothes Ralph Waldo Emrxun 159 friends 0 Wreck It is not worthwhile to go around 13031332 my 0 I d 9 be i the W the world to count the cats in leave the world a bit better Zanzibar rr whether by a healthy child a Henry David Thoreau garden patch or a redeemed social 13174362 condition to know even one iiie has Wherever quot3quot 50 mequot W Pm hirn and paw hirn with their dirty breathed easier because you have lived institutions and ifthey can constrain him 7 Ralph Waldo Emerson 7 A to belong to their desperate oddfellow society 48 quotpoeticotmmpogeologis t botanist and omitholog naturalist etc etc i Teddy Roosevelt president 19011909 John Muir 18381914 quotgm m vaan no mean letdown nan o my names we at e um Sim era gesnnen 49 To Roosevelt it was clear that a handful of individuals and their companies were reaping most of the profits from natural resources that rightfully belonged to all CltlZenSllvanDyk22m3p m ea rly 1900s Trustbu ster Resources for use but forever Sustainable Use Maximum Sustained Yield USE those resources Aldo Leopold Game Management 1932 A Sand County Almanac 1966 revolutionecology land ethic glue I5 momma udslardt Eul hamsters imamllamxl 1nd airrd lhimndelnluml rt Land Health and the AB Clavage Commodities A vs Processes B Gifford Pinchot The greatest good for the greatest nu mber for the longest timequot resource conservation ethic 1 Equity 2 Ef ciency gun IA Wow 2m Elihu under sarhlrea cl he u 5 reel alldlalhalcl term he rm ml on ml r2 n rm neoninrmsm a mime r 5m Wu murmurs lsa mllmueuaueua quotinquot 52 roam Modern Conservation Biology National Parks US Transferable Rachel Carson Silent Spring 1962 Bioaccu mu la on rLevels and scale rEnvironmemal degradation threaten human health Increased Public Awareness sigmoid monsoon r r rum ill runLN lrr nlrhr l rrsrrragr smeuerttnesmjsre Problems Addressed by Conservation Biologists 1 Genetic Diversity variation inbreeding drift hybridization 2 Species MVP PVA small populations declining populations metapopulations 3 Habitat loss fragmentation isolation heterogeneity 4 Ecosystem Processes scale 5 Human sustainability the crux a mmuimMum Bowman um C lnvun in mm m corridor crazequot quotgun I v llquot 1 l M mbqaiaim my dupe mag aria m mi nu Wmi swam mm lumwm all991m b L wur i mxsmuwrux whim HULIHH i I mmnm mums Metapopulations Island Biogeography MacArthur and 6 Crisis Discipline 6 Wilson 1963 Testabe Hypotheses Th resholds ya We 2m 52 Is oonservation biology a distinct discipline Biodiversity levels and scales Prevent degradation and loss 1 Scarcity and Abundance 2 Value laden and mission driven 3 Diversity and complexity good Untimely extinction bad 4 Evolution is good genotypic variation process 5 Biotic diversity has intrinsic value Suul s nurmauve pu fluares Objectivity vs Neutrality OanDKep 57 62 Journal of Wildlife Management 1937 Wildlife Society Bulletin vs Conservation Biology Biological Conservation Responsible Advocacy Ethical Advocacy p117 Noss 1999 tropical rainforest vs economic development program Is ConBio distinct discipline as Noss 1999 Is there a special conservation biology Origins Soul etal 1978 SCB 1986 Conservatim Biology 1987 Ideas H39ecautionary Hinciple Value Laden Species differences Umbrella species Advocacy
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