Psychology Chapter 1
Psychology Chapter 1 PSYC 1010
Popular in Elements of Psychology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Payton Chance on Monday January 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1010 at University of Oklahoma taught by Jenel Cavazos in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see Elements of Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.
Reviews for Psychology Chapter 1
You're awesome! I'll be using your notes for sure moving forward :D
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/25/16
What is Psychology Behaviors mental processes What do psychologists do research study people study animals counselors therapistswork for advertising and marketing industrial corporation psychologists leadership styles creativity How have psychologists affected our lives better understand mental illnesses the way we shop Private Practice psychologist depression Clinical psychologist life altering problems academic research and teachers What is psychology The scientific study of behavior and mental processes Systematic methods scientific What can be directly observed behavior Thoughts feelings motives mental processes Psychology s goal is to describe predict explain and control or change behavior ex Dr Amani is interested in investigating why women are more able to correctly interpret emotional expressions than are men He is most interested in the scientific goal of EXPLANATION The Biological Approach Focuses on the brain nervous system and other biological functions Genetics heredity and evolution instincts hormones and neurotransmitters neuroscience The Behavioral Approach John B Watson BF Skinner Scientific study of observable behavioral responses and their environmental determinants Patterns of reward and punishment Ex hand washing and being rewarded by not getting sick or getting sick when you dont wash your hands according to this perspective free will is not really a thing The patterns of reward and punishment are the things that shaped you to do things The Psychodynamic Approach Sigmund Freud Emphasizes unconscious thoughts Believed that people are more animalistic than people think we are We are just more complex Conflict between biological drives and the demands of society Early childhood experiences are especially important The Humanistic Approach Carl Rogers Abraham Maslow All individuals have an inborn drive to grow develop and be fulfilled Reach our best potential in life Emphasis on free will Unconditional positive regard Ex No matter what you do your mom loves you If you are given this unconditional positive regard you will be your best potential Conditions of worth you are only good enough if Ex You re only good enough if you actually graduate from college you39re only good enough if you can be a great athlete Dr Lee is interested in discovering the most effective type of reward to use in order to teach his dog to bring him his slippers every evening Dr Lee is using the BEHAVIORAL approach The Cognitive Approach Focuses on how people think understand and know about the world Brain is viewed as a problemsolving supercomputer The Evolutionary Approach Uses evolutionary principles adaptation reproduction and natural selection to explain the origins of human behaviors Agression Fear Mating Patterns Ex Heterosexual men report sexual infidelity as much more troubling than an emotional affair Opposite pattern in heterosexual women lesbian women homosexual men The Sociocultural Approach Examines the influences of society and culture on behavior Compares behavior across countries Compares group differences within a country You are studying alcoholism What kinds of questions would researchers from each perspective be interested in asking Biological Does alcoholism run in the family is it hereditary family history Behavioral What reward do you receive when you drink Psychodynamic What happened in their early childhood that lead them to drink alcohol What problems do you face that make you want to drink alcohol Humanistic If you drink will you fill like you fit in What conditions of worth were placed on you Cognitive Does it constantly come into your thoughts How do you process your thoughts when your drinking vs when your sober Evolutionary Sociocultural
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'