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Notes! (Chapter 1)

by: Midhu Robin

Notes! (Chapter 1) DEP 3305

Midhu Robin
GPA 3.5
Psychology of Adolescense
Andre Maharaj

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Great notes for chapter 1 from learnsmart, lecture and book!
Psychology of Adolescense
Andre Maharaj
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Midhu Robin on Monday January 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to DEP 3305 at Florida International University taught by Andre Maharaj in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views.

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Date Created: 01/25/16
Psychology of Adolescence Notes Chapter 1 0 Aristotle He argued that the most important aspect of adolescence is the ability to choose and that selfdetermination is a hallmark of maturity Aristotle39s emphasis on the development of self determination is not unlike some contemporary views that see independence identity and career choice as the key themes of adolescence O G Stanley Hall s StormandStress View Attributed with the beginnings of the scientific study of adolescence adolescence is a turbulent time charged with con ict and mood swings 0 Margaret Mead s Sociocultural View The basic nature of adolescence is not biological as Hall envisioned in cultures that provide a smooth gradual transition from childhood to adulthood she found little storm and stress associated with the period 0 According to the inventionist view adolescence is a sociohistorical creation 0 Schools work and economics are important dimensions of this sociohistorical view 0 Cohort A group of people who are born at a similar point in history and share similar experiences as a result 0 Cohort effects Effects due to a person s time of birth era or generation but not to actual chronological age 0 Millennials The generation born after 1980 the first to come of age and enter emerging adulthood in the new millennium 0 Two characteristics of Millennials stand out 1 their ethnic diversity and 2 their connection to technology 0 Stereotype A generalization that re ects our impressions and beliefs about a broad category of people 0 Adolescent generalization gap Refers to generalizations that are based on information about a limited often highly visible group of adolescents 0 Adults often portray today39s adolescents as more troubled less respectful more selfcentered more assertive and more adventurous than they were 0 Acting out and boundary testing are timehonored ways in which adolescents move toward accepting rather than rejecting parental values 0 The Five Cs of Positive Youth Development Competence Con dence Connection Character Caringcompassion 0 Contexts Social Contexts Settings in which development occurs they are in uenced by historical economic social and cultural factors 0 Social policy is the course of action designed by the national government to in uence the welfare of its citizens 0 Notice that Asian Americans are expected to be the fastestgrowing ethnic group of adolescents with a growth rate of more than 500 percent by 2100 0 Social policy is the course of action designed by the national government to in uence the welfare of its citizens 0 Development The pattern of change that begins at conception and continues through the life span 0 Biological processes Physical changes in an individual s body 0 Cognitive processes Changes in an individual s thinking and intelligence 0 Socioemotional processes Changes in an individual s emotions personality relationships with others and social contexts Periods of Development Childhood Prenatal period The time from conception to birth 0 Infancy Birth to 18 or 24 months of age 0 Early childhood The end of infancy to about 5 or 6 years of age 0 Middle and late childhood From age of about 6 to 10 or 11 years of age 0 Adolescence The period of transition between childhood and adulthood that involves biological cognitive and socioemotional changes 0 A key task is preparation for adulthood 0 In the United States and most other cultures today adolescence begins at approximately 10 to 13 years of age and ends in the late teens 0 Early adolescence Corresponds roughly to the middle school or junior high school years and includes most pubertal change 0 Late adolescence Refers approximately to the latter half of the second decade of life Adulthood 0 Early adulthood Begins in the late teens or early 20s and lasts through the 30s 0 Middle adulthood Begins at approximately 35 to 45 years of age and ends at some point between approximately 55 and 65 years of age 0 Late adulthood Lasts from approximately 60 or 70 years of age until death 0 Developmental Transitions The transition from childhood to adolescence begins with the onset of pubertal maturation Whereas the transition from adolescence to adulthood is determined by cultural standards and experiences 0 Recently the transition from adolescence to adulthood has been referred to as emerging adulthood approximately 18 to 25 years of age 0 Five key features characterize emerging adulthood Arnett 2006 2014 a b Identity exploration Instability Selffocused Feeling inbetween The age of possibilities a time when individuals have an opportunity to transform their lives 0 In the united states the marker of entry into adulthood is holding a more or less permanent full time job Taking responsibility and economic independence is another marker but achieving it is a long process 0 Three types of assets are especially important in making a competent transition through adolescence and emerging adulthood Intellectual Psychologicalemotional Social 0 Resilience Adapting positively and achieving successful outcomes in the face of significant risks and adverse circumstances The naturenurture issue involves the debate about whether development is primarily in uenced by nature biological inheritance or nurture environmental experiences The continuitydiscontinuity issue focuses on the extent to which development involves gradual cumulative change continuity or distinct stages discontinuity The earlylater experience issue focuses on the degree to which early experiences especially early in childhood or later experiences are the key determinants of development Scienti c method Conceptualize a process or problem to be studied Collect research information data Analyze data Draw conclusions Theory An interrelated coherent set of ideas that helps to explain phenomena and make predictions Hypothesis A specific assertion or prediction that can be tested Methods for Collecting Data


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