Social Psychology Notes Week 3
Social Psychology Notes Week 3 PSYC 2606
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christina Hancock on Monday January 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2606 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Irene Blair in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 01/25/16
Tuesday January 26 2016 Social Psychology Week 3 Motive for Self Enhancement and Self Handicapping Self Handicapping Pre emptive behavior that provides an excuse for failure and thus protects self esteem if failure occurs but a lot sabotages one s chance of success ex Classic ResearchBerglas and Jones 1978 and Self Handicapping in Sport Practicing Stone 2002 Participants given an opportunity to practice before a mini golf test IV Threat test will reflect on ability vs no treat test is for fun DV Amount of practice before saying one is ready to complete the test Conclusion People with nothreat work harder than people with high threat and lack of practice How Self Handicapping can be done Making one s physicalmental state worse eg lack of sleep or food alcohol or other drugs Failing to study or practice Trying to accomplish tasks in suboptimal environment eg noise or distraction Procrastination Schedule events impossibly close together Taking on challenges that are too hard Defining Characteristics of Self Handicapping Behavior must occur before the evaluative event Conscious behavior eg procrastination vs forgetting Motivated by the desire for positive impressions of one s abilities in the eyes of others or oneself Tuesday January 26 2016 NOTE People who chronically engage in selfhandicapping don39t feel positively about themselves in the long term other people ask don39t view them positively Factors that Increase Self Handicapping Belief that abilities are fixed Belief that one is likely to fail Belief performance reflects ability Public performance and explicit social comparison eg competition People with low selfesteem fear failure People with high self esteem see opportunity to stand out as exceptional Motive for Self Enhancement High Self Esteem Produces Self Presentation o Self Enhancing cognitions Self Handicapping Positive Outcomes Engaging in Moderate Self Enhancement Positive Health Outcomes Motivate Achievement Helps to overcome challenges People like Confidence in Others Engaging in High Self Enhancement Negative Health Behavior Prevent Improvement Difficulty dealing with threats potential danger to others People dislike arrogance Tuesday January 26 2016 Self Verification Self Verification Theory People desire stability and predictability in the world and this is enhanced if others see things the same way Views of the self are no exception people want stability and predictability in how they see themselves Stability of the self is enhanced when others see us as we ourselves motive for self verification Self Verification When people attempt to elicit recall and accept feedback that is consistent with the self concept Choice of identity cues eg clothing and other possessions Selections of close friends and romantic partners ex Self Verification and Marital Commitment Swann et el 1992 Self Enhancement m Self Verification If there are needs for both self enhancement and self verification can one predict when one will more likely to influence the outcome The operation of both motives maintains balance but each one may dominate in different situations Relationship Status Self Enhancement when rejection is a real possibility eg dating self verification when rejection is low Dimensions of Judgement Self Enhancement when feeling are at stake self verification when accuracy is important Social Perception Selective Attention It is impossible to see everything in the world around us Instead we use prior knowledge and expectations to focus on what we believe is important and filter out what we believe is unimportant Tuesday January 26 2016 Schemas and Information Processing Schema A hypothetical knowledge structure that contains what a person knows about a particular concept including the relations among objects relevant events actions and sequences of actions Priming and Information Processing Due to schemas the activation of one concept affects the processing of other concepts a process known as priming Heuristics and Information Processing Heuristics Mental shortcut that provides a quick and easy answer Availability Heuristic Judgements of frequency or probability based on how easily examples come to mind Representativeness Heuristic People use similarity to the prototype stereotype to make a judgment Confirmation Bias The tendency to seek interpret and even create information that verifies existing beliefs Belief Perseverance The tendency to maintain beliefs even after they have been discredited One cause of belief perseverance is that the explanation generates for the behavior remains even when the behavior itself has been discredited Belief perseverance can be greatly reduced when people think about alternative explanations for behavior
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