Week 1 notes
Week 1 notes PSCI 1040
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by UNT_Scientist on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1040 at University of North Texas taught by Gloria Cox in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Goverment in Political Science at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 01/26/16
Week 1 2016 Government 1040 Underlined things are important and were mentioned as test questions 0 PeOple Set up qovernment to 0 Keep order 0 Provide common qoods Governments have leqitimate powers which citizens respect Through government we create social order to achieve common good When we give u freedom to keep Order we allow the government to set rules to limit that power when scale order breaks down it results in disasters 0 Common gods a Road b Educa on c LJbrany d Health care 0 The questions we ask a What are humans really like I Soup kitchens and food banks show that people can be good not just with time but also money I Giving organs I The older you get the blinder you become to the evil in the world 0 Everyone has a different correct answer 0 The worse you think people are the harsher the laws we need because we don39t think people can behave b Do people have rights I We see rights differently than we do into other countries I some countries there are laws that say women are second class and is Controlled by men and subsequently women have shorter life expectancy I declaration of independence we have certain inalienable rights 0 Our rights have nothing to do with the government the government is only there to protect our rights 0 Does Government exist for the good of the individual or God of collective I We think here that the government is there for me not the group such that we can thrive I There are times that we go for the good of the collective c We can39t build our huge resort because there are rare birds n my land and ifl build a resort they will die 0 Russia is this way 0 Teacher doesn39t like puttin 0 One outspoken person will kill the whole society 0 America says you have that right Russia says go to siberia d What is the proper balance between freedom and order I liberals in social matters the government needs to stay out c We have had laws over time to allow them to invade the sanctity of bedroom I Republicans say people can39t be trusted to behave I Big question since 911 0 Are you willing to give up your freedom to make sure you are safe 0 Two things are certain in life life and death 0 More order is less freedom 0 Types of government a Monarchies I Ruler inherits the position through birth I Queen Elizabeth 2 o Wasn39t in line for the thrown and her uncle gave up the kingship allowing Elizabeth39s father to be made King 0 She worked as a truck mechanic in WW2 may 1945 she crept out of the palace to join the party I King Of Swaziland o only King in Africa left b Totalitarian regime I One person runs the governing body by the will of new man for benefit of ruler 0 Kim Jong un of north korea o Sends boat loads of people who are dead into South Korea c Oligarchs I Host sham elections I Small governing body who act in own interest 0 Vladimir Putin of Russia d Democracy I Rule of the many to benefit all 0 President Obama Germany India South Africa Great Britain Switzerland Canada 0 Mexico 0 The term democracy a Most democracy39s are representative democracy I We use some to represent us b Democracy I Government by the people c We the people c Direct democracy I People involved with government d Representative democracy I People involved with government through elected representatives e Republic I Another name for a representative democracy f Created in Greece but quickly went away g Term used in 17th connotations mob rule h Positive meaning in last century i Highly emotional and symbolic term 0 hallenqe to our societv a ilure to appreciate benefits of a politically and financially stable government b A citizenry that is larqelv negative even hostile about qovernment aLd public officials c Constant criticism of the US politicians the media our policies d alwaysinexistence clap between democratic theorv and the real world 0 13 functions of government a Comes from the preamble of constitution I The preamble is determine not to be law 0 Establish justice 0 Ensure domestic tranquility o Ferguson shooting 0 Professor was in Washington DC When MLK was shot I Flowers in bloom at 4pm with soldiers walking with gun and bayonet 0 Provide for the common defense 0 That is why we have a military 0 Promote the general welfare 0 Hard to define 0 Right to an education marriage having children 0 Constantly being reenvision o 14 American political culture a We are heirs to the ideas of John Locke including the following I human beings are rational and routinely think reasonably about things I All human beings are equal in the state of nature 0 Before money and brains are taken into account We are all the same I all human beings have certain rights that cannot be taken away I Every person has property in his own person and whatever he mixes has labor becomes his property 0 Marx shares this ideas I Once establish a society is ongoing but a government can be dissolved if it goes against what is right for the people 0 If the government is not working for the people then the people can change it o Justification for the American Revolution 0 15 political culture a Political culture I Widely shared beliefs values and norms that define the relationship between citizens and government and citizens to me another b Key point 1 I We are heirs to a political and economic philosophy called liberalism I Liberalism is a philosophy that developed in europe hundreds of years ago I it was secular optimistic economic and based on freedom c Key point 2 I There are certain values that flow from liberalism that are cherished by the vast majority of the American people 0 Importance of individual Freedom Majority rule Political tolerance Capitalism d Key point 3 We turn these values into political ideologies We differ as to what government should do I Overt time positions are developed conservatives eleven in narrower scope while liberals believe in grader scope I Moderates are somewhere in between 0 Liberals moderates conservatives e Not within liberalism f Radical I Someone so dissatisfied with society that he or she faces drastic changes willing to break law g Reactionary I A person who wants to go backward to how things used to be
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