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Linguistics first post

by: Ashley-Lynne Miller

Linguistics first post 24565

Ashley-Lynne Miller
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Introduction to Linguistics
Karen Dykstra

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book and lecture notes from first few meetings of class *hand written study/cheat sheet of alphabet to be posted soon
Introduction to Linguistics
Karen Dykstra
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley-Lynne Miller on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 24565 at Eastern Michigan University taught by Karen Dykstra in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 74 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Linguistics in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at Eastern Michigan University.

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Date Created: 01/26/16
linguistics Monday January 11 2 16 1 2 7 PM Book notes chapter 1 Lexicon the collection of all the words that you know functions served refer pronunciation and relations to other words Grammar language system set of all the elements and rules that make up a language Descriptive grammars collections of generalizations based on observations Mental grammar rules used to produce and comprehend utterances a language is a mental grammar 11216 Lecture notes The system of language is innate but grows in a human environment All languages are essentially the same thing and based on the same system iLanguage internal language language in the mind 4 Human language design features Productivegenerative recursive displacement arbitrary Productivegenerative always doing somethingwe innumerable amount of utterances Recursionsive refers to that property of language that allows us to imbed an idea within a larger Idea and to keep building on that example quotmiss suzie went to heaven her tugboat went to hellquot Displacement allows us to talk about things that aren39t present at the moment or that we cant see at the moment The past outside the beach the future hypothetical santa Arbitrary how can it be arbitrary if it s a system There are random reasonless seemingly system languages Ex between a word and its meaning quotwhy is a chair a chairquot But within this there is a system operating elk ltgt lke cant say lke but we can say elk What makes human language unique All languages sound the same from a bigger perspective Sammantha and her one direction speak quotI gotta Zayne means I need to leavequot For linguists GRAMMAR refers to the set of elements or building blocks in a language plus the rules for combining them E L K sounds and add rules for combining these sounds Understanding of language happens when you39re very young we don t really understand what we know because of that LINGUISTIC COMPETANCE is the unconscious knowledge you have of your language Not knowing why one thing sounds right verses another maybe similar thing that sounds way off Sarcasm and jokes and sense of humor is different for every language Native speaker intuition mental grammar linguistic competence Linguistic performance flawed actual speech including all mistakes and uhms and stutters tongue twists ect PERFORMANCE ERRORS doesn t decrease your linguistic competence


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