Abnormal Psychology: OCD and other Disorders
Abnormal Psychology: OCD and other Disorders PSY 3003
Arkansas Tech University
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mackayla Notetaker on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 3003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Willbanks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Arkansas Tech University.
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If Mackayla isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!
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Date Created: 01/26/16
Abnormal Psychology OCD A Specific Psychological vulnerability A Early life experiences and learning B Thoughts are dangerous or unacceptable C Thoughtaction fusion The thought of like dropping a baby makes them feel bad and guilty A Comorbidity with other disorders Frequently cooccurs with other anxiety disorders and mood disorders depression 2550 Also cooccurs with body dysmorphic disorder BDD PDs DepAv Dependent Avoidance Personality Disorders A Treatment MedicationsSSRls Prozac PaxallZoloft etc 60 benefit Psychosurgery cingulotomy 30 benefit High relapse when discontinued Cognitivebehavioral therapy CBT Exposure and Response ritual prevention Reality Testing They get to see that the worst fear doesn t happen when they don t do the ritual A girl had to touch roadkill so she wouldn t be afraid Highly effective No added benefit from combined treatment B PANDAS Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal infections Abnormal Psychology OCD PANS Pediatric Acuteonset Neuropsych Syndrome Rapid Onset Close association with strep infection lnvoluntary movements of arms legs face Between ages 3 and puberty New problems with fine motor or math skills 25 of children with OCD have PANDAS subtype Most effective treatment is antibiotics Kids can get strep a lot and it could turn into OCD 0CD Vs OCPD OCD Thoughts images ideas that won t go away and cause distress Impossible to control Repetitive behaviorscompulsions to avoid the what if will seek help for psychological distress OCPD Perfectionism Details rules lists organization Rigidity ethically or morally Excessive devotion to work Inability to discard items Miserly spending habits Will seek help because of relationship distress Spouse usually forces them to get help The really is no obsession with OCPD like there is in OCD They do have compulsions OCPD doesn t see anything wrong with the way they live A Body Dysmorphic Disorder BDD A preoccupation with some imagined defect in appearance by someone who actually looks reasonably normal General Pop 12 Comorbid with OCD 10 Depression 8 Abnormal Psychology OCD Course lifelong Onset early adolescence through 20s Reaction to a horrible or grotesque feature They keep checking to see if their flaw is getting worse The imagined defect is on their mind all the time If they hear someone talking they assume people are talking about the flaw Two treatments SSRs Exposure and response prevention Hoarding Acquire and fail to discard limited value possessions They assign too much value to these possessions Disorganization in living space interferes with daily life Poorer prognosis for treatment than OCD 1040 of COD have comorbid hoarding Hoarding Disorder Specify if With excessive acquisition if difficulty discarding possessions is accompanied by EA of items that are not needed or for which there is no available space With good or fair insight poor insight absent insightdelusional beliefs More common in older adults 5594 yrs Why These adults lived through the Great Depression They know that not everything is secure so they keep everything Just an example Abnormal Psychology OCD Trichotillomania Urge to pull out hair from any body location Could even be pulling from rug They show obsession with hair and the compulsion of pulling it They may eat the hair or run it through their teeth Most people will wait until they are safe in their home to do it This is not due to any drugs like meth Must cause clinically significant distress Excoriation Disorder Recurrent skin picking resulting in skin lesions Distress or impairment Repeated efforts to stop 34 female 14 pre MOSTLY FEMALE Other Specified 00 Related BD like disorder with actual flaws BDlike with out repetitive behaviors Body focused repetitive behavior disorderrecurrent focused repetitive behaviors nail biting lip biting etc Obsessional jealousy non delusional preoccupation with partner s faithfulness
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