IREL 100 Chapter 1: Europe
IREL 100 Chapter 1: Europe PSY 124 - 03
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Layne Franklin on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 124 - 03 at University of Indianapolis taught by Jordan Sparks Waldron in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Fndtns/Psyc Science I:Methods in Psychlogy at University of Indianapolis.
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Date Created: 01/26/16
World Geography Chapter 1: Europe Physical GeographyRealm of Peninsulas and Islands Climateslarge agricultural plains, other environments force people into other activities PopulationAbout 600 million people, 40 countries, Northwestern Europe densely populated Europe as a RegionEurope is small, distances relatively short, Europeans have built an inefficient transportation system Functional regioninterdependent realm that is held together thoroughly highly developed economic and political networks Complementarityarea produces a surplus of a commodity required by another area Transferabilityease in which a commodity can be transported by producer to consumer Locational Advantagesrelative location, crossroads of the land hemisphere, maximum efficiency of contact with rest of the world, nowhere far from ocean, navigable rivers Europe’s Revolution: Political and Economical Advantages The Industrial Revolution Functional specializationproduction of particular goods by particular people in popular places. Allows for trade, which allows for surplus production. Diffused eastward from Britain onto European mainland throughout the 19 th century. State and Nation Treaty of Westphalia (1648)After a series of religious wars across Europe, the treaty instituted the idea of state sovereignty. Nationstate territorial state embodied by its culturally distinctive population. Nationalityrelates to legal membership in the state (citizenship) These ideas spread through the world via colonialism, and form the basis of modern international law. Political Revolutionslegacy of feudal and royal periods, liberalism, French revolution (17891795), socialism, nationalism, fascism Cultural Foundations IndoEuropean languagesLatins, Germanics, Slavs Minorities (Finns, Magyars (Hungary), Basques, Celts) Today, the unofficial lingua franca (common language) is English. ReligionsProtestant, Catholic, Orthodox, Islam Europe’s Serious Population/Demographic Problems Highly Urbanized RealmThree of four Europeans live in towns and cities. Negative Natural Population Growth Europe’s native population is shrinking. Topheavy population pyramid (lots of old people), number of workers whose taxes pay for social services of aged goes down, reduced pensions, dwindling funds for health care. Growing Multicultural ChallengeImmigration is partially offsetting Europe’s population deficit. Devolution and Supranationalism Centrifrugal (dividing) forces division resulting from religious, racial, linguistic, political, economic or other regional factors. Centripetal (unifying) forcesbind or unify a state or region. Religion, language, culture, economic needs Supranationalismstates give up part of their sovereignty to promote international cooperation.
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