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IREL 100 Chapter 1: Europe

by: Layne Franklin

IREL 100 Chapter 1: Europe PSY 124 - 03

Marketplace > University of Indianapolis > Psychlogy > PSY 124 - 03 > IREL 100 Chapter 1 Europe
Layne Franklin
GPA 2.9

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About this Document

These are will cover any of the Chapter 1 questions on the exam.
Fndtns/Psyc Science I:Methods
Jordan Sparks Waldron
Class Notes
geography, World History
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Layne Franklin on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 124 - 03 at University of Indianapolis taught by Jordan Sparks Waldron in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Fndtns/Psyc Science I:Methods in Psychlogy at University of Indianapolis.

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Date Created: 01/26/16
World Geography Chapter 1: Europe Physical Geography­Realm of Peninsulas and Islands Climates­large agricultural plains, other environments force people into other  activities Population­About 600 million people, 40 countries, Northwestern Europe densely  populated Europe as a Region­Europe is small, distances relatively short, Europeans have  built an inefficient transportation system Functional region­interdependent realm that is held together thoroughly highly  developed economic and political networks Complementarity­area produces a surplus of a commodity required by another area Transferability­ease in which a commodity can be transported by producer to  consumer Locational Advantages­relative location, crossroads of the land hemisphere,  maximum efficiency of contact with rest of the world, nowhere far from ocean,  navigable rivers Europe’s Revolution: Political and Economical Advantages The Industrial Revolution Functional specialization­production of particular goods by particular people in  popular places.  Allows for trade, which allows for surplus production. Diffused eastward from Britain onto European mainland throughout the 19   th century. State and Nation Treaty of Westphalia (1648)­After a series of religious wars across Europe, the  treaty instituted the idea of state sovereignty. Nation­state­ territorial state embodied by its culturally distinctive population. Nationality­relates to legal membership in the state (citizenship) These ideas spread through the world via colonialism, and form the basis of  modern international law. Political Revolutions­legacy of feudal and royal periods, liberalism, French  revolution (1789­1795), socialism, nationalism, fascism Cultural Foundations Indo­European languages­Latins, Germanics, Slavs Minorities (Finns, Magyars  (Hungary), Basques, Celts) Today, the unofficial lingua franca (common language) is English. Religions­Protestant, Catholic, Orthodox, Islam Europe’s Serious Population/Demographic Problems Highly Urbanized Realm­Three of four Europeans live in towns and cities. Negative Natural Population Growth Europe’s native population is shrinking. Top­heavy population pyramid (lots of old people), number of workers whose taxes pay for social services of aged goes down, reduced pensions, dwindling funds for health care. Growing Multicultural Challenge­Immigration is partially offsetting Europe’s  population deficit. Devolution and Supranationalism Centrifrugal (dividing) forces­ division resulting from religious, racial, linguistic,  political, economic or other regional factors. Centripetal (unifying) forces­bind or unify a state or region. Religion, language,  culture, economic needs Supranationalism­states give up part of their sovereignty to promote international  cooperation.


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