In Sickness & In Health - Poverty and the Social Gradient
In Sickness & In Health - Poverty and the Social Gradient SW 222
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddi Caudill on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SW 222 at University of Kentucky taught by Teresa A. Powell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Development Social Welfare in Social Work at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 01/26/16
In Sickness & In Health - Poverty and the Social Gradient -2 trillion dollars per year on medical care -America ranks 30 in life expectancy -high percentage of babies die in first year of life than many 3rd world countries -37% of U.S. have no health care coverage -excess death: when the estimated amount of how many people will die in a given area exceeds that estimate -cancer and heart disease are twice the rate in some areas -the wealth of the 1% is greater of the bottom 90% combined -life expectancy in wealthy regions are several years more than others -death rates and illness correlate to status according to a study done in Britain in 2009, and America is no different -wealth-health gradient -over 70% of affluent Americans reported good to very good health -college graduates live 2.5 years longer than high school graduates -half of American households live at about $48,000/year or less -6% is the national average of unemployment in U.S. -stress plays a significant role in health -higher status ---> less stress ---> healthier -lower status ----> makes less money ----> more stress ---> higher health risks -stress = cortisol -those with lower status have higher blood pressure -contrary to stereotypes, most Americans in poverty are white -children who grow up in poverty can suffer life long consequences -the stress children experience is toxic to the brain -according to research, no matter what the social status, African Americans will suffer more from health -it has nothing to do with genetics -racial discrimination is linked to high blood pressure, increased rates of infant death, and hypertension -over 83,000 excess deaths each year in the African American community -reducing health inequality is NOT impossible -a century ago, the average American only lived about 48 years -life expectancy has been increased by several reforms and it can happen again -the middle class is losing money and the poor is getting poorer -it is foreseen that health will only get worse -Overall point: inequality in wealth = health effect -social gradient
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