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Introduction to Psychology

by: Neve Gallagher

Introduction to Psychology PSY 301

Marketplace > University of Texas at Austin > Psychlogy > PSY 301 > Introduction to Psychology
Neve Gallagher

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About this Document

My first day of notes about psychology and the mind.
Dr. Stephen Bright
Class Notes
25 ?





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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Neve Gallagher on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 301 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dr. Stephen Bright in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO PSYCH in Psychlogy at University of Texas at Austin.


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Date Created: 01/26/16
Introduction: Thinking Critically With Psychology • What is Psychology? The scientific study of the behavior of individuals and their mental processes. o Proper noun (a field of study) o “Scientific” o Individuals, not society-although societies necessarily play important roles o “Mental Processes”: mental implies mind: id, ego, and super ego (associated with Freud) § What is that? § Where does it reside? § How can we prove/disprove its existence? o Key Factors: § Boundedness of personhood (you, compared to others; a body) § The Mind= brain + something else (or not?) • Can one have a brain w/o a mind? • Vice versa-mind without a brain? • What is the difference, then? o (Clue: emergent…. Something-soul, spirit, personality, etcetera) § The Mind has explanatory power o Critical, long-standing topics § Nature-nurture Issue • The long-standing controversy over the relative contribution of genes and experience to the development of psychological traits and behaviors • Which has the greater impact on you becoming you? o Basic Research § ‘pure’ science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base o Applied Research § Scientific study that aims to solve practical problems • Which of these aims is more ‘worthy’? o Clinical Psychology § A branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders o Critical Thinking § Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions • Examines assumptions • Discerns hidden values • Evaluates evidence • The Scientific Method o Defined by five components that are designed to make sure research findings are objective and consistent § 1) Defining the problem § 2) Reviewing literature (why?) § 3) Formulating a hypothesis • Hypothesis o A testable prediction o Often implied by a theory o Theory § An explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts observations • E.g., ‘In terms of love, out of sight means out of mind.’ Or, ‘Southerners are more ‘polite’ in their everyday speech than non-Southerners.’


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