Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 2
Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 2
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Lecture 28 10 Dec 2003 Conservation Meets Creativity Recap Conservation and Economics CH12 Tidbits from CH1011 Conservation Biology ECOL 406R506R University of Arizona Fall 2003 Kevin Bonine Announcements 0 Jobs 0 Readings Final Exam Friday 19 Dec 11001300h Conservation Meets Creativity Economics of Conservation Tidbits Evaluations Ran out of time for grading Eve one high C or better Science 2003 Newl 5 December Air Quality and Climate Change Global Air Quality and Pollution Haj ime Akimoto Science 302 17161719 2003 Modern Global Climate Change Thomas R Karl and Kevin E Trenberth Science 302 17191723 2003 28 November Freshwater Resources and the Energy Picture Global Freshwater Resources Soft Path Solutions for the 21st Century Peter H Gleick Science 302 15241527 2003 Energy Resources and Global Development Jeffrey Chow Raymond J Kopp Paul R Portney Science 302 15281531 2003 21 November Fisheries Soils and Food Security Tropical Soils and Food Security The Next 50 Years M A Stocking Science 302 13561359 2003 The Future for Fisheries Daniel Pauly et al Science 302 13591361 2003 Competent before radical I Data and science then ngerpainting 39 quot 8w GCERVR 0H SETS 8 EQQEW RWMEIIESS 5 er Main Lobby Forbes Building 39Monday December 8 2003 9am to 1pm Slide Show at 1030 Photography Music Games Food ideas about how you can reduce your ecological footprint and so much mar2 Brought w you by coLnmi wamsnen Conservation Biology Ful12003 Zl Photos courtesy of Ben Joslin Economics of Conservation Van Dyke Ch 12 1 Role of Human Population Growth 2 Neoclassical Economics 3 Externalities 9 4 Environmental Economics etc 5 Genuine Progress Indicator 6 Examples Figure 22 Conventional View or econme actiyily in a market economic system economic goods and money ow between households and businesses in a closed loop In many economr Flow of may ics texlhooks such market economic systems are shown as here as ll they were sellrcunzained and thus independent of the Meney ows from39 households natural resources that supporl all economies and all WE This k businesses a pay for model retntorces tne idea that unlimited economic Wde growth or any kind is sustainable Pure Market Economic System 141 Miller 2003 Flow of products Conventional Neoclassical Economics Flow of factors 0 production in t t t Private Property 39 Economic Growth always good Allocate based on price More always better for an individual curves Flowofmoney Money aws lrom businesses to households to pay for labor and othev production BUSlHeSSES m g Return to preneoclassical ideas r Ecological or r Sun r Environmental Economics ECONOMIC Sysrems 397 Pluduciin39i Figure 23 Escrogrrcar vrew or ecur rromrc ar39 viiv Ecuiogrcei ecma mrsi e mi ecarrorrrree as human subsysiems mm depmd on resources and same 5 prrwrden bv iiie sun and me a39 s rerurai resources A consume devcied i0 nnomrc gmw biodwershyr minerals raw materials energy 39 r satisiycvr expanmm vanis resources assum our fecirnoiugicai and dllulion 7 cieveiness rrrii aimw rm 390 mm degmda qn 1 surrsi ir es 0 mcimme any anuracycimg 7 i irriis on re Dumas m 2mm ir MC i keep nuiiuuun am rrrorrmeniai negradabnri at cepiebie icueis ioe ova ai mio isisrsuriia sucieiy r u musidrrrabb because 0 and degradation oinaiuiai resourc u merry oi W Hu r have ru stimulates Hemmg and eu a 142 Miller 2003 Scavengers ar we can t re row things away Lin39l39ted Global Emaan Limited Global Ecosystem pram Overwh elm Future Human Economics Waste Heat Eb Flgure 1210 An llen1nh39eIew39 urf Ihe relunmehlp hawBen lhe 5301anan and the enulmnmenl us understand wllhn the lIJME39o39ulill tl anu1rcl1menl39al ECncmIzs Thez ph39 31 err1n2nrrn3nl39 prin39ld i El393939 mulennls and energy ack lnanla39IEMablefl manna5 How IIa1e Illel lE IZUlvquot3 a slnlr lcr vanilla5 and lze39y39 llfa suppcrl i y liWG Inclean wnl39er 1r ClllT39rZIlE reguldlan lacl and tlsdl39a39asllvf Haveer II39 15 llrnlra glch I II In Ila F sl ll39rEl1lJn39rZIl39I Etnamfg 39 393 srndl relative h ll39Ie tllasphare and erLIIZ El raw malerlzlls and 3an lZII waste5 WEE relalin39al39g large lb 15 lhe erann ecjnzurnf39 has grwun Ihe some and slnl egIzns cpl ll39e lZIlESFhEE l IIZl39JE dimlnlshed because val use and degl3dallcru and 5 l39r139E IJrjevs nl tbs3d 39s39u ZISlE Thus the humcn ectunan39rf must Increaslnglv make enz lmnrnenlnl tanslrjlnls I mne 5 grids and saw35 rrl d pjmg all the waile lhal EJJ39Zl39I FfEijJCllt creates VanDykel 2003 Ihelr capIll l6 prcn39lde requot E39IIIFlICll39 c lenjllcn In Fwd 39 H ri fx39ll Vb figuquot I3939Iu39 3939 mquot IIU IJFJ What is the purpose of the economic system to what end all of this wealth Ultimate value beyond market OClassical Economics 1Environmental Economics catchall term think cyclically 2SteadyState Economics John Stuart Mill 1700 s Herman E Daly in out Virtue and character higher goals than material wealth 3Sustainable Development Lester Brown do away with many subsidies replace income tax with environmental tax Stocks and Flows 9 Entropy Nicolas GeorgesRoegen quota Cadillac now means fewer human lives later Economic Growth vs Development efficiency sophistication utility Nonrival air to breathe or nonexclusive goods UV protection from ozone Producer PaysPolluter Pays Dramaticay less waste packaging scrubber sludge TaxationSubsidies Pollution Rights Precautionary Principle Insurance PFOdUCt itself Government strategies and regulation Stable democratic government required SKIPPED Government strategies and regulation Stable democratic government required VanDyke p 356 NEPA ESA Clean Air Clean Water Work bc require full and open disclosure of process and those involved How do Cheney secret meetings with industry leaders to plan energy policy fit in SDCP and findings from economic analyses p 330 moo sa uou Gross Domashc jaroduct GDP P9 Gama gmg 25W 7 domssncprodudGDP E N g 200007 a E 5WOO E D as menu 7 Genume progress IndrcamMGP Percapna genome 7 progress vndrcator Gm MUG r r r r U I r r r r r Lear 1960 r970 I950 1990 1998 1950 V960 3970 man 1990 1998 Vear Year Figure 25 Companson of me gross amesua mound GDP and gramme progr ndxcato on e and me per capHa Va nes rm mesa wndrcaLDrs mm m we Unwed Szales Deweon 1950 and 1998 Data cram our Md Cub Mary Sue Gnooman and Mathxs Wackernaqel Genuine Progress Indicator 25mm per mus ems Mamet Flannel mum maxal Sustamahla 39min Ewmmlcwe ale mm D Mun inns n 1950 950 mm mm mm mm Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare my ng l2ll VanDyke 2003 Chu F1 md hd Emma mm m Zimbabwe SKIPPED CAMPFIRE Program Communal Areas Management Program For Indigenous REsources aimed at creating worthwhile returns to villagers from the sustainable use of natural resources giving them income security and a stake in the preservation of the natural environment and wildlife of their area Communal areas are divided into regions which have local committees and projects Fees Meat Hides up to 50kweek hunting photosafaris etc D 03 mum l 100 Mini ZAMBIA WW F mnzm signs Zimbabwe CAM PFIRE Program Local Control and Projects H ml m BOTSWANA but 11 million people Robert Mugabe Economic and Political Turmoil SKIPPED Ecotourism Highy Contentious UN website Masai in Eastern Africa and Masai Mara NP ost grazing lands ost rights native american analogy Tourism works but need many visitors degradation roads infrastructure sewage deforestation for heating and cooking corruption SKIPPED African Southern White Rhinoceros Ceratotherum simum simum lt200 in 1900 gt11000 today and growing habitat loss poaching CITES Appendix I White Rhinoceros Ceratotherum simum poaching for medicine aphrodisiac dagger handles horn up to 10kg prices 60010000kg 60000kg for Asian Rhino 5x price of gold we 1 Education poster in Yemen SKIPPED Ecosystem Management Cth Van Dyke text and management system that seeks protect viable populations of all native species perpetuates natural disturbance regimes on the regional scale adopts a planning timeline of centuries and allows human use at levels that do not result in longterm ecological degradationquot Ecosystem energy and nutrient processing system with physical structure and function that circulates matter and energy Definitions are debatable Ecosystem Management Cth Van Dyke text SKIPPED Why erosion pollution waste disposal sedimentation small or uncharismatic species recreation intrinsic value single species approach very expensive SDCP model driven by CAPACITY to deliver goods services functions NOT Demand for them forest as an ecosystem not just a tree farm management experimental and adaptive SDCP monitoring cooperation stakeholders Managers recognize the need for human communities to utilize some ecosystem resources VanDyke p272 Define some SKIPPED Where do we draw the line Human population increase Unit of ecosystem management watershed make sure include important components Everglades and Lake Okeechobee Ecosystem Processes Necessary vs Sufficient Hawaii missing 90 native vertebrates fire water herbivory predation TUCSOH Watershed Fugsgn Eajin P1700 sqinilssgt 17 million acre I SKIPPED 1 4 l39 Maln channeamp ondwav Bank relnfurcemenl Restoration Ecology CH11 Biocultura Restoration Processes eg Guanacaste Costa Rica eg Everglades Florida SKIPPED END
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