Psychology Notes 01/11-01/18
Psychology Notes 01/11-01/18 BIOL 100 7012 01
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BIOL 100 7012 01
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by kgrunwaldt on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 100 7012 01 at Truman State University taught by B Moore in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Biology with Lab in Biology at Truman State University.
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Date Created: 01/26/16
Development of Psychology 1. Primitive stage: roots from folklore, mythology, entities a. Animism: belief that spirits are everywhere 2. Early Greek Influence a. Nonscientific, not much investigation b. Plato: religious man, conceived idea that everyone has a soul (miniature embodiment of the Greek citystate) i. “Reason rule over desire” ii. Evil caused by a revolt of the lore elements or “hell” revolting against reason c. Aristotle: closest to a true scientist 3. Middle Ages: approach to truthfinding a. Church was the source of all knowledge b. After mid13th century, more people began to follow Aristotle’s work c. Galileo: criticized by the church; opened the way for true science by discovering the telescope 4. Modern Sciences: current period, “rebirth” a. Francis Bacon: social psychologist i. Asked a lot of questions ii. Advocate for practical/empirical thinking b. Descartes: very religious i. Doubted existence of everything ii. “I think, therefore I am.” iii. MindBody Theory: the mind and the physical world only interact at one point, the pineal gland 1. Pineal gland: associated with melatonin a. Makes people more sensitive/”psychic” b. Located at the base of the brain c. Experimental Physiology i. Von Helmholtz: measured the speed of nerve impulses (200mph) 1. Came up with a theory of vision and hearing d. Psychophysics: mid19th century i. Fechner: created base for experimental psychology, studied relationships between physical characteristics of stimuli and the sensations they produce 5. Contributors to Psychology a. Biology b. Neurology c. Anatomy and Physiology d. Sociology and Anthropology e. Chemistry f. Pharmacology g. Embryology and Genetics 6. 1879: psychology becomes a separate science a. Established first experimental lab in Leipzig, Germany by Wilhelm Wundt 1. 17th Century (Age of Enlightenment) 2. 18th Century (Age of Reason) 3. 19th Century (Age of Progress) 4. 20th Century (Age of Anxiety) 5. 21st Century (Age of Technology) 6. DSM: Diagnostic Statistical Manual a. Currently in DSM 5 7. Phobias are irrational fears that are avoided at all costs 8. Mental Health is the nation’s #1 problem 9. Saul (King of Israel) a. Suffered manic depressive episodes or bipolar disorder 10.Cambyses (King of Persia/Iran) a. First alcoholic on record b. Married his sister c. Kicked another sister while pregnant 11.Nebuchadnezzar a. Delusional disorder b. Thought he was a wolf i. Lycanthropy 12.Hercules a. Suffered from a seizure disorder b. Homicidal fugue reaction 13.Ajax a. Suffered hallucinations b. Saw a sheep going up a hill that he thought was enemy soldiers c. Slaughtered the lamb and killed himself upon realization 14.Tamerlane a. Master of the Known World b. Asian descent c. Made a pyramid of human skulls d. Fetish for women’s underwear e. 80+ wives and 240+ children 15.George III a. Acute mania b. Hardly slept; always wired 16.Rousseau a. “Back to nature” obsession 17.Mozart a. Paranoid about getting poisoned 18.Beethoven a. Paranoid about getting murdered b. Had many different apartments to escape to 19.Van Gogh a. Seizure disorder b. Cut off his ear and sent it to a woman c. Shot himself in the abdomen
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