Psychology Notes 01/20-01/22
Psychology Notes 01/20-01/22 BIOL 100 7012 01
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BIOL 100 7012 01
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by kgrunwaldt on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 100 7012 01 at Truman State University taught by B Moore in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Biology with Lab in Biology at Truman State University.
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Date Created: 01/26/16
1. Asylums/Mental Institutions a. Set up in Spain b. Moors had an influence on Spanish culture 2. Demonology a. Not accepted in Arabia b. Europe regressed and accepted demonology c. Common during the Middle Ages d. Conversion disorders were common 3. Avicenna and Rhazes a. Doctors that kept demonology out of Arabia 4. Hippocrates a. Father of Medicine b. Came up with the personality theory i. Body humors ii. Every man is a miniature embodiment of air, earth, fire, and water iii. Very into vivisection and letting blood 5. Galin a. Greek doctor that expanded Hippocrates’ theory b. Learned through dissection c. Learned about the nervous system 6. Bethlehem Royal Hospital a. Located in London b. Very popular preDemonology c. Turned into a hospital of horrors d. Renamed “Bedlam” e. Patients were neglected and messed with 7. Willing Possession: meant you were a cohort of Satan 8. Unwilling Possession: meant you were being punished by God 9. Psychology a. Behavioral science b. Heredity x Time x Environment = Developmental Level 10.Structuralist School a. Started by Wilhelm Wundt b. Study of conscious experiences c. Edward B. Titchener was one of Wundt’s biggest fans i. Taught at Cornell University 11.Functionalist School a. John Dewey and William James started this school i. James wrote Principles of Psychology ii. James was the first Americanborn psychologist b. Study of man’s adjustment to his environment 12.Behaviorist School a. Watson, Pavlov, and Thorndike are psychologists associated with this school i. Pavlov researched responses b. Study of man’s overt behavior (what you can see with the naked eye) which they believe is determined by a complex system of independent stimulus response connections 13.Gestalt School a. German contributors i. Max Wertheimer, Koffka, Kohler, Perls b. Gestalt means “configuration” c. A whole is worth more than the sum of its parts d. Believe you should study the entirety of behavior 14.Psychoanalysis a. Sigmund Freud is the most famous contributor b. Four parts: i. Early childhood experiences ii. Unconscious motivation iii. Personality structure iv. Psychosexual stages c. Not a popular method of treatment because it is time consuming and expensive d. Anything that satisfies the body is considered as sex e. Neoanalysts broke away from this kind of thinking i. Wanted to be more spiritual ii. Their belief was known as psychodynamics iii. Kiran Horney was a neoFreudian/neoanalysis woman iv. Carl Jung believed his house was filled with spirits 1. More contributors include Harry S. Sullivan, Eric Fromm, Alfred Adler, Eric Erikson, and Dorothy Canter 15.B. F. Skinner a. Behaviorist that focused on stimulusresponse psychology b. Studied learning processes c. Expanded on Watson’s theories d. Created a Skinner box with rats that would reward good behavior with food and punish bad behavior with a shock i. Raised his daughter in a similar way 1. Piaget a. Cognitive psychology b. Grouping of child development c. Studied qualities that distinguish humans from other animals 2. Carl Rogers a. Humanistic psychology b. Empathetic c. “Clientcentered therapy” turned to “personcentered therapy” i. Nondirective approach ii. Nonjudgmental 3. Maslow a. Established the Hierarchy of Needs b. Focused on the principle of selfactualization 4. Galton a. Functionalist b. Focused on human abilities and individual differences 5. Building Blocks of Psychology a. StimulusResponse b. Studying the entire organism c. Adjustment 6. Organs of Adjustment a. Two categories: i. Health and Growth (maintenance) 1. Stomach, lungs, intestines, glands ii. Overcoming Obstacles 1. Skeleton and heart b. Enable you to function c. Three groups: i. Receptors: receive stimulus ii. Connectors: carry stimulus iii. Effectors: carry out response 7. Techniques in Evaluation a. Objective observation/Field study approach (oldest) i. Observing without someone knowing b. Introspection i. Looking inside of yourself c. Life History Approach i. Study a particular behavior pattern and trace it back 1. Day Book Approach: keeping track of events 2. Clinical Approach: more detailed record of events 3. Biographical Method: analyzing a person based on what has been written about them d. Survey Method
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