American Government Notes week 2
American Government Notes week 2 P SC 1113
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ryan Henry on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to P SC 1113 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. Gary Copeland in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see American Federal Government in Political Science at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 01/26/16
American Government Week 2 Constitution: “Government seems like it was made for being so goddamn slow” Introduction: how did WE come to be? ● How do primitive societies “govern themselviolence! ○ Called “biggest and baddest” governments and were great!… Only if you're the biggest and baddest…. ○ People do not want to fight for food everyday, so they struck “deals” ○ This led to feudal governments (lords would give protection and food, peasants would give services to lords) ○ Lords would have a lot of power because of this, became too powerful to other lords sometimes ○ To prevent bloodshed, created the Magna Carta (which limited powers to governing bodies) The purpose of constitutions (such as Magna Carta) ● Provide certain powers to governments ● Limits certain powers to government ● Provide rule of law ● Create “law of the land” ● May be written, unwritten, or combination What creates legitimacy? ● In religiousbased governments it's the person or people who claims to be the most holy ○ Power lies in the deity ● In fascist regimes it's the person or people closest to the ideology ○ Power lies in a select group of people ● In primitive societies it's the biggest and baddest ○ Power lies in the biggest and baddest (because they are mostly unopposed) ● In republics and democracies, it's the person most favored by the people or the representatives of the people. ○ Power then lies in teople Pilgrims and their governance: ● Created the Mayflower Compact, set out laws to protect rights ● Governors appointed…. but by the king, so the power is with the king French and Indian Wars: ● War fought between the French and English in the new world ○ Fine, nothing really different… until debts needed payment ● The colonists did the paying through taxes ○ Which is fine at first… BUT they had no say in the matter. ○ No taxation without representation When is it okay to REBEL? ● When the government is being unjust ● When the government breaks a social contract ● When the government works in its own self interest ● When you know you're going to win! Articles of Confederatiot won the war, that's it ● People still upset about the monarchy, very light on powers given to executive and judiciary ● It workedokay until the 1780s ○ Realized that it did not give them the ability to govern ○ After Shay’s rebellion, they realized it was time to change some things Constitution: they wantejust enough government ● More central form of government as well as state ● Finally gave the government enough power to DO things ○ Ability to regulate interstate commerce ○ give taxes ○ Have a mail service ○ Limit power, give power, etc. ● Habeas Corpus: Everyone is entitled to a court of law in public for a reason ○ Not “just ‘cause” ● Inserted the Bill of Rights ○ Federalists don't like it, thought it might limit the power ○ AntiFederalists want it because protects people Limits in the Constitution ● Separation of powers ○ Executive: Vetoes or passes laws ○ Legislative: Make laws ■ House of Congress: closest to the people ■ Senate: close to people but on a federal level ○ Judiciary: Checks if the laws are constitutional ● Checks and Balances ○ Prevents one single power to be too powerful ■ EX: Nixon in power vetoed laws that limited his power, but Reps and Dems overrode the veto ● Federalism ○ Next week’s notes ● Specific prohibitions ○ prevents laws that make past activities criminal
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