World History Notes 2
World History Notes 2 HIST - 11050 - 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katelyn Rinella on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST - 11050 - 001 at Kent State University taught by Matthew J. Crawford (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 547 views. For similar materials see WORLD HISTORY: ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL in History at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 01/26/16
World History Notes Week 2 The transition to agriculture: interpretations and evidence Patriarchy- a system of male rule/dominance in society Part 1: periodization revisited Paleolithic (old stone) - Lived in hunter gather societies - Lasted ~250,000 years ago to 10,000 years ago Neolithic (new stone) - Agricultural and pastoralism= domestication of animals - Begins ~10,000 years ago Bronze age - Urban - Begins ~5,000 years ago *these transitions are cumulative, all of these societies are still present* Part 2: life in early hunter gatherer societies ~12,000 Years ago Ice Age ends Hunter gatherer society - Hunting/gathering - Ice Age - Sophisticated understanding of plants/animals - Well-nourished (3000 calories a day) - Healthier than agricultural descendants - Nomadic= moved around a lot - Small band/tribes (~30-100 people) - Egalitarian= everyone was equal (doing fair share of work) - 20,000 years ago- settle down - Division of labor between men (hunting) and women (gathering) - Spiritual/cultural life World History Notes Week 2 Part B Transition to agriculture (continued) String revolution- creation/development of string/fabrics to help with daily tasks (Ex. hunting, fishing, baby slings) *women are the reason for the string revolution* Paleothic Neolithic 250,000 – 10,000 YA 10,000 – 5,000 YA Gender Equality Male Dominance *where does the switch happen form equality to dominance* Agriculture society Patrilineal descent- the things you own (land/ material possessions/ farming tools) goes to the son Farming “easier” to get food Men: go from hunting to farming Women: had more time having children and taking care of them Wealth= land, material possessions, and children (labor) Animals: keeping of animals (important for farming)(provides milk and wool) Horticultural society- rely on simple technologies for farming (use animals only for meat) - (women did 50% of farming, 17% men, 33% both) - in between stage from hunter gather to agriculture for women morality and sexuality become very important, for the reason that men want someone related to them to give their things to.