Week 2 Notes
Popular in Principles of Experimental Design
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ivy Lee on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2150 at Vanderbilt University taught by Elizabeth Sandberg in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Principles of Experimental Design in Psychlogy at Vanderbilt University.
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Date Created: 01/26/16
Principles of Experimental Design Week 2: January 25 – January 29 th th Monday, January 25 Stages of Research Cycle 1. Initial Idea 2. Problem definition 3. Procedure design 4. Observation 5. Data analysis 6. Interpretation 7. Communicate findings 8. Initial Idea Wednesday, January 27 th Significance (page 56) Set at 5% or 0.05 (p = 0.05) is the most optimal The lower the value, (p < 0.05), the better the chance that the outcomes of the experiment did not happen due to chance Chapter 3 – Ethics (video) History has taught us about ethics Ethics continue to be added/reformed to this day People suffering from mental health, substance abuse are viewed as invaluable to society Lobotomies were highly regarded in the past, obviously now they aren’t Physicians were really focused on benefinance, but now doctors are really focused on each patient individually Nazi Germany tested on prisoners unethically, which led to the Nuremburg Code. Nazi’s used people of less power/invaluable to them as their subjects U.S. vaccine experiments where people were subjected to a disease (usually people in institutions and orphans) and then they were used to test new vaccines or they were given no vaccine if they were part of the control group o These experiments were justified because they were “contributing to the war effort” (This occurred during WWII) o In a study, students at a school for mentally disabled kids were injected with hepatitis and consent was basically forced – the kids couldn’t go to the school without participating in the study Tuskegee Syphilis Study: o Conducted in rural Alabama by the Public Health Administration on African Americans to see what would happen if syphilis was left untreated o Men weren’t told that they had syphilis o Even after penicillin was developed in 1940, they continued to not tell the men about their diseases and did not treat them o African American community had a strong mistrust towards the public health administration during that time 1974 – the National Research Act was passed, which established the National Commission, who published the Belmont Report Some researchers believe that the IRB is exceeding its power, which is beneficial for participants because the information they are provided has to be complete and clear Protection needs regulation and committees Trust between experimenter + participant needs to be there, no one wants to be a guinea pig Rule of thumb for experimenters questioning ethics: would you allow your grandmother to participate in this study? th Friday January 29 IRB approval is NEEDED for research. Research: is a systematic investigation designed to contribute to enhancing and expanding general knowledge Non-research: researching literature, quality assurance testing, interviewing individuals where questions focus on objects NOT people, even questions about policies and regulations
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