Chapter 1 Week 2 Notes
Chapter 1 Week 2 Notes PSYC 3707
Popular in Psychology of Intimate Relationships
Popular in Psychlogy
PSYC 1560 - 07
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cameron Cooke-Murphy on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3707 at Youngstown State University taught by Dr. Sethi in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Intimate Relationships in Psychlogy at Youngstown State University.
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Date Created: 01/26/16
Week 2 Notes Changes Shift: from instrumental role (leadership roles typically done by the father) to expressive role (deals with emotional aspects typically done by the mother) Philosophical: from patriarchy to democracy Rates Marriage has decreased, age at marriage has increased, and the number of births have decreased Birth Rates Economy change around 1900 due to the industrial age Families moved to cities Large families made life harder instead of easier as they had in a farming economy Moms worked outside the home Birth control became more available Changes with working moms, single parents, and cohabitation have had huge impact on families’ economic and emotional situations Gay/Lesbian Many in long term, committed relationships Legal recognition only in some states Research shows no negative effects on their children Grandparents As Parents Rate has grown from 2.2 million in 1979 to 4.5 million now In most cases, grandparents parents 2 generations in the same home Problem=money & energy Benefit=happy children Life Expectancy Women=80yrs. Men=75yrs. Grandparents are living longer Divorce Current rate=40%50% Less likely if: 1. Marry after age 25yrs. with no kids 2. Educated 3. Adequate income 4. Share same religious beliefs 5. Parents aren’t divorced Remarriage 2/3 of people who divorce remarry More Whites than Blacks or Latinos Years between: 1. Women=3yrs. 2. Men=4yrs. Length: 1. Women=8yrs. 2. Men=9yrs. StructuralFunctional Theory The purpose of family is to provide what society needs and expects Looks at the family as a social institution Might examine if the family’s income is adequate Possible Functions: 1. Common residence 2. Economic cooperation 3. Reproduction 4. Sexual functions Family Developmental Theory Family Life Cycle: 1. Stages of family as it changes over the life span 2. Changes in structure and roles at each stage through life Developmental Tasks: 1. Growth responsibilities required at each stage Might wonder how a family would change with the addition of a baby Symbolic Interaction Theory Family: 1. Unit of interacting personalities Focus: 1. How family members interact using words, gestures, rules, and roles Actions/Feelings: 1. Determined not just by what happens, but also our interpretation of these events Might examine how family members communicate Systems Theory Sees family members as interdependent on one another Views family as a structure of related subsystems Subsystems interact with one another To change habitual family interactions that aren’t working requires analyzing the interactions of subsystems How family members influence each other Might focus on an unhappy family’s alliances within the family Social Learning Theory Behavior is learned Exchange Theory Measure relationship on cost/benefit basis Maximize benefits and minimize costs Benefits: 1. What each person gets out of a relationship Costs: 1. What each person gives to a relationship Benefit/Cost: 1. Quality of relationship How each family member gets their needs met Conflict Theory Conflict is normal How the family members resolve the conflict Might focus on who has the power in the family Feminist Theory Looks at male/female inequalities of power in families Each person should be able to make their own choices about their own individual lives One person’s choice is never more important or valuable than another person’s choice Looks at balance of power within the family
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