Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 3
Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 3
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Lecture 03 29 Aug 2006 Ch1amp Noss 1999 1 What is Con Bio Conservation Biology ECOL 406R506R 0391ng University of Arizona Fall 2006 Kevin Bonine Kathy Gerst Ch3 and Callicott reading for Thursday 1 Housekeeping 29 August 2006 If not in lecture last week please see us after class Upcoming Readings today Textbook chapter 1 Noss 1999 Thurs 31 Aug Textbook chapter 3 Callicott 1997 Tues 05 Sept Textbook Ch 3 Leopold readings Short oral presentations 29 Aug Kevin Gilliam and Whitney Henderson 31 Aug open 05 Sept open Global Climate Change Lecture Series All lectures will take place at UA Centennial Hall All ieeuuesbegmanpm audaue free in due public Causzn 521 409 farmer uuranuauau Tuesday Octnber 17 Glabdlclimale Change The Evedeuee maeaum Hugues umuessa auneuameuamuagy httpcosarizonaeduCumate Tuesday OcmbexZA Glnbal clumaue Change Whats Ahead auauuau Overpck Dmctnr ar due Institute for the SludyafPldnel Emh and Professor arceaseueuees Tuesday Oeuabeuzl Glnbdlchmdtz Change The Rule afLrmg Thmgs Travis anman Assistant meessar afEcalagydnd Ewhmamry Biology Tuesday November 7 Glnbdlchmdtz Change Ocednlmpucts and Feedback uiuaCaie Assaeuaue meessarafGeasciences Tuesday November 14 Glnbal clumaue Change Dusease dndSacmy Andrew Came Deauu amue Gradual College and meessar ar Geagnphydnd Reguauai Deveiapauem Tuesday November 21 Glnbdlchmdtz Change oauid Geaengmzenng Reveuse m RagerAngel Regents meesmrafAslmmmy Tuesday November 22 Glabal Climate Change Designing Puhcszspanses Paul Panuey Deauaruue Ellerallege arMauagemem and meessarafEcammics 3 To Kit EVKRY on AND WHEEL Is THE nnsT PnEcAuTIoN or INTELLIcENT TINKERINGquot ADO LEDPOLD Sky Island Alliance Wilderness Celebration Weekend Chiricahua Mountains Wilderness September 1st 4th Join the Sky Island Alliance in the mag cent Ch cahuas We are celebrating the 42nd Anniversary of the Wilderness Act With the signing of the Wilderness Act by President Lyndon B Johnson on September 3 1964 the National Wilderness Preservation System was established to fsecule 7r the Amen39can people ofpra ent and lture geneElia the bene b ofan endun39ng Iesource of WYalemess quot 4 Please Contact Trevur Hare mh RSV39Fs and quesuunsl txsvuuskyuslanda1hance mg m szu zMux xzm Quiz What were the four questions that the N055 1999 paper attempts to address n m39 Hmrc m mhtM wHMNb nl cm wnulum mm uquot 1 I m mm m mpmprhllr an my at myme hm m u n Ate Me my 39umwv mu Mulngm pmpm 4y I mum Hun hwhvm Myva Iwm Mlm Mo wylull md reinmwe ununugcluem nutmum Kevin Gilliam and Whitney Henderson Nru l illclcw wnxul mlmn luulnghh lllL39VL llb ingl xccvgnic Hull lhc Inmimnlc uml ullnlullu llnmb lu biudiwl39sily mluall ull Innc In du lll lummm Noss 1999 p 118 E m D o o Ll l lt E o l 0 U LIJ Developg Countries 12 billion people 19 high average per capita purchasing power have 85 world39s wealth IPAT use 88 natural resourcs generate 75 waste and pollution Environmental Impact Population gtlt Affluence gtltTechnoogy of a society Developi Countries 81 of the people have 15 world39s wealth use 12 world39s natural resouroes produoe 25 waste and pollution Writing Assignments consumption Poor parents in a developing country need to have 70200 children to equal the impact of2 US children Cwiagimi WWW calculator quotivids a iiscmarmg ushmarc 0 inc mum mm u human mmpnm m wain mam interestinglyy in results vavy Dy am My my mum W new mm iamimue quotvase Moms uyymamy in quotmy usergtspemc plmm ws emvlnyc by um modal Adatimmi uiimm may be imam mm mm m milmnms m m binning a wth m av grown my w am my mum quotinns in m imnsgnvlm no dons mi S erily 39iuw gamma in dwelling 5 My how mm waier m ricmitiw u mmpaiiu am my in me m m mm mm m sigmumuy mm m iaalprinl m an yaw signi mnw by Hunky m me my uimeir mm mommaquot by m m mm mm Emu reasonablv make 35mmquot rm My yum men on mm or mgmi slaiisiits mum mannaquot m m mo rl employs that my in be uquot m m quads Vennmm my my mum asks rm m2 nuanlitaiivc mm mm mm asks oi an ascessmen mam m ncapin in m s nzianmmaou Additionally H mm in quotmen that m Dinning nreaxpnints Vary by mumiv my sum mums Smu mu mz pnmi m am m is presumaan ho yam usnn W In mcdci im in zaizwaiions arw mining nmakwmt mm my last in mm mm mm illcmnm in identical user data Wm RomanticTranscendentaist Ethic Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau John Muir Sierra Club 1892 NGO Education Lobby LawPolitics Yellowstone National Park 1872 Yosemite National Park 1890 ESA 1917 gt Nature Conservancy 1950 u A Successful life quotTo laugh often and much to win the respect or intelligent people and the a 39ec on or children to earn the appreciation of honest critics and endure the betrayal or false friends to appreciate beauty to nd the best in others to leave the world a bit better whether by a healthy child a garden patch or aredeeined social condition to know even one lire has breathed easier because you have livedquot 7 Ralph Waldo Emerson r Ral h Wald Emma 13031332 Many go shing all their lives without knowing that it is not sh they are a er Beware of all enterprises that require new clothes It is not worthwhile to go around the world to count the cats in Zanzibar Henry David Thoreau 1 81 71 862 Wherever a man goes men will pursue him and paw him with their dirty institutions and if they can constrain him to belong to their desperate oddfellow society 13 i7 7 1 i quotpoeticotrampogeologist botanist and ornithol naturalist etc etc H John Muir 18381914 14 Teddy Roosevelt president 19011909 gm U mow znnz quotlemma l m To Roosevelt it was clear that a handful of individuals and their companies were reaping most of the pro s from natural resources that rightfully belonged to all Citizensquotaan lt22mu 1n early 19005 Trustbustei Resources for use but forever National Wildlife Refuge System 52 designations by TR 16 Gifford Pinchot The greamst good for me greamst nu mber for me longest timequot resource conservation ethic 1 Equity 2 Ef ciency quot9quot L mow znnz Giihd mini amen oi ie us rm sane ndbiheid new imminent n iigimi miid mi ms n my memni ie FtiSiSewi mgmimiim a i 59 We Dannamg isa min a minim winquot 17 men Sustainable Use Maximum Sustained Yield USE those resources 12 Modern Conservation Biology National Parks US Transferable 19 Game Management 1932 A Sand County Almanac 1966 revohtionecology land ethic quotgm Ls vanykgznnz Aldelmgda Em anulwenhwJmewallanmandhlhurl llve Mamba 4 v Land Health and the AB Cleavage Commodmes A vs Processes B In 10 Rachel Carson Silent Spring 1962 Bioaocumuation Levels and scale Envimnmenta degradation threaten human health Increased Public Awareness s mm mm umm bzi39vmiL mlwnmmmnn nlal m i m w mrcm w Pesticides and Child Development in Mexico s Yaqui Valley in mm WWmmim4mmu M Wm mun Wm m Wm militiamm mm i Dvwiwwvmnnimwiw mm mm W MW w in WW m Mum mum quotmum mm w l quotmm ilvu my l m i W W m ymm H a in m cm ilvm Everman and WiWEEI m5 mid Mnmmmuw Wu nun WWW umwmmmWm W W WWW Jul mm m lmvmxlinliumih m alumnimumw in imlvmmrmu mum m in let Wm WM mmnmm Wm m mm x mm lnmnmmlum nun mm zz 11 Biennan m thvmzm Problems Addressed by Conservation Biolog 1 Genetic Diversity variation inbreeding drift hybridization 2 Species MVP PVA small populations declining populations metapopulations 3 Habitat loss fragmentation isolation heterogeneity 4 Ecosystem Processes scale 5 Human sustainability the crux 12 Metapopuations Isand Biogeography MacArthur and Wilson 1963 n m u E 11 V j u ng39Jijrr Testabe Hypotheses Th resh old 5 r bum L mm mow znnz 25 a learlrlllmmlllminm anymanwpnycumm m Inaquotm um corridor crazequot quotum 7 m We znnz gunman lt4 W Mum y mm mm m dmd 3 Wm mwbmuwmx Mm gywp Imbpuplhhum uyahpmm n mm p munemu MW 13 Journal of Wildlife Management 1937 Wildlife Society Bulletin VS Conservation Biology Biological Conservation movement from individual game species to large scale and generalized approaches mm m in me ol me your uni Mistimum Bibby published in Merre and Carroll 1997 May 1937 mmth wanesv DIE r may Is conservation biology a distinct discipline Biodiversity levels and scales Prevent degradation and loss 1 Scarcity and Abundance 2 Value laden and mission driven 3 Diversity and complexity good Untimely extinction bad 4 Evolution is good genotypic variation process 5 Biotic diversity has intrinsic value see a trails in Van Dyke Ch1 NSoul s normative pog aaces 14 v0 59 gtgt 90 quota go 5 20 m me E 9 Sgp o o g g 3 50 i E 8 quotis it 390 63 2 s 0 H K z a 3 09 A a ll 0 0 cu gr o q o A o a 20 3 2 0amp3 5 W A lt gt 299 S J 62 QQQOTEV Q Q J s W W s s 9 5 9 Vs39 QgQDQ f 0 101 Pldemmlo m 03739 g W 39 39 CANCER l CONSERVATION Social Sciences i l BIOLOGY my BIOLOGY ABKOE g g x a 6 a e O K o 4 CO I oa o Q o 05 qu 9 4 3 y 5 3 mad Kai 4 a lt13 Zv 3 9 5 a 395 3 797 6 550 2 395 0 b N in gv a o Soul 1985 a re 339 4 Gil if Q Figure 1 Cancer biology and Conservation biology are both syntheth multidisciplinary sciences The dashed line indicates lie arti cial mum of iii borders between disciplines and between basic and appli d research See text 6 Crisis Discipline 29 In crisis diRCiDlilL lt one musl url Iriel39m39e knuwina ii llic fuels crisis Lliwipiinus ill39l lllus iI i1 iiiLIl39c ofscb cute and url and lllL39ii39 pursull i39CLllil39L 5 ilillUiliUll us wcii us informationquot Snul 0851 30 15 VS Neutrality Van Dyke p57 0 31 Noss 1999 Is there a special conservation biology Origins Soul et aI 1978 SCB 1986 Conservation Biology 1987 Ideas Precautionary Principle Vaue Laden Species differences Umbrea species Advocacy 16 Hutchinson 1948 as cited in Noss 1999 We should worry about global warming as a result of altering geochemical cycles 33 Pattern and Generality vs Special Case p 116 Noss 1999 34 17 Responsible Advocacy Ethical Advocacy p117 Noss 1999 tropical rainforest vs economic development program Is ConBio distinct discipline as Science Management Policy 36 18
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