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Japanese 112 Week 4 Notes

by: Riley Evans

Japanese 112 Week 4 Notes JPN 112

Marketplace > Oregon State University > Japanese > JPN 112 > Japanese 112 Week 4 Notes
Riley Evans
GPA 3.2

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These notes cover だけ and its different uses, how to use もう, using adjectives/nouns/な nouns with Nouns, and all new vocab learned in week 4.
First-Year Japanese
Setsuko Nakajima
Class Notes
Japanese, Japanese 112, Oregon State University, OSU, Nakajima
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Riley Evans on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JPN 112 at Oregon State University taught by Setsuko Nakajima in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see First-Year Japanese in Japanese at Oregon State University.

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Date Created: 01/26/16
Week 4 Japanese112WinterTerm2016 Monday: Grammar:だけ! だけ means that whatever was mentioned earlier is the limit of what you want, or ‘that’s all’. It can be used in both positive and negative sentences, so it can mean you only don’t do x, or you only do x. For example, a vegetarian ONLY eats salad, while a hamburger-tarian only eats hamburgers. They are having a conversation at the McDonald’s window. V (Vegetarian) H (Hamburger-tarian) V: なにをたべたいですか? H:えっと。。。なにがありますか? V:ハンバーガとサラダとナゲットがあります。どちがたべたいですか? H:ハンバーガ​ だけ​たべますだから、ハンバーガーをおねがいします。 I’ve used some words that we haven’t used yet, don’t worry about those. The exchange translates to: V: What do you want to eat? H: Hm… What do [they] have? V: They have hamburgers, salads, and nuggets. Which do you want to eat? H: BecauI ONLeat Hamburgers, please give me a hamburger. Or, in another situation, they go to a salad place. H: なにをたべたべたいですか? V:えっと。。。なにがありますか? H:やすいサラダとたかいサラダとハンバーガがあります。どちがたべたいですか? V:ハンバーガーだ ​け​たべますせんだから、サラダをおねがいします。 This exchange translates to: 1 H: What do you want to eat? V: Hm, what do they have? H: They have a cheap salad, an expensive salad, and a hamburger. Which do you want to eat? V: Because​NLY DON’T​at hamburgers, please give me a salad. Gramar 2: もう + counter もう means additionally. So, by using that in conjunction with a counter, you can say things like “Please give me one more pen”. IE- もういっぽんおねがいします Translation: Please give me one more (of this thin long object) Remember that Japanese is very contextual. In this case, the direct object (IE- a pen) is already understood between the two people, so that can be left out). Ex: A: いらさいませ! B: すみません、あおいペンがありますか? A: しょうしょうおまちください。。。はい、ございます! B:じゃあ、にほんペンをください。 A: かしこまりました! B: あ、あのう、それをもいっぽんおねがいします A: はい、わかりました。ほうかになにか? B: それだけです。 This sentence covers everything we touched on in Monday’s lesson. Let’s break it down. A: Welcome! B: Excuse me, do you have a blue pen? A: Please wait a moment… Yes, we do! (Polite version) 2 B: In that case, please give me two. A: Understood! B: Oh, and also, please give me one more of them [pen]. A: Okay, I understand. After that, what else? B: That is all. 「それだけです」can also be used to indicate that that is all you are buying. This will be useful for the midterm Oral Exam, as それだけです IS YOUR EXIT KEY. Wednesday Color Additional: あかい、きいろい、くろい、あおい are adjectives (covered earlier in the term). Other colors, like ちゃいろい、グレー(ぐれー)、みどり、オレンジ(おれんじ)、 ピンク(ぴんく) are な ​ NOUNS​ . Why? No clue. This will come in handy in just a moment. Sentence ModifierBecause not everything works by just shoving words together and hoping for the best. Modifiers are used to connect different types of words (nouns to nなuns, nouns to ​ nouns, and so on. There are 3 different combinations we learned today; なnoun to noun, noun to noun, and adjective to noun. なnoun/noun Sentences: The term な noun gives us our first clue as to what we will be putting between the two. Between the な noun and noun, we add な. For example you want to talk about your pretty (きれい)friend (ともだち). ともだち is the N, きれい (as learned last term) is a な noun. So to explain that you have a pretty friend, you first take the two, and put them in order. Noun goes LAST (followed only be です、じゃないです、ECT) To put them together, we use this basic sentence structure: なnoun ​な noun ​す。 3 Adjective/Noun Sentences: Good news: You already know it. It’s just Adjective + Noun. EX: むずかしいにほんごです。 Noun/Noun Sentences: The way I remember this is Nouns can exist on their own, they are a concept on their own (IE- にほん/ともだち). Because of this, they are stubborn, and don’t want to stick to others as they pride themselves on being a concept on their own. So, they both say ‘の” when stuck next to each other. Like such: N​の​N​です See, it’s like they’re both saying “no” at each other. EX: にほんじんのともだちです。 (にほんじん just means person who is Japanese.) I have drawn a very beautiful diagram to explain this idea below. 4 あたらしいことば: こざいます - Polite form for あります たくさん - Many, much ほかに - Else ● なにか (something/anything) : ほかに + なにか - Anything else ● たれか (somebody/anybody) : ほかに + たれか - Anybody else ● いつか (Sometime/anytime) : ほかに + いつか - some time それだけです - Limited to this, just this, that’s all. ぜんぶ - Everything みんな - Everyone よろしい - Polite version of いい すぐ - Soon ● きます come soon ● できます - Do soon/will be done soon ● わかります - easy to understand かばん - Bag ちゃいろい Brown グレー(ぐれー) - Grey みどり -Green ピンク (ぴんく) - Pink オレンジ  (おれんじ)- Orange 5


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