PHIL 1010; Chapter 1
PHIL 1010; Chapter 1 PHIL 1010 - 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lydia Purcell on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1010 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Leila E Batarseh in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 65 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Logic in PHIL-Philosophy at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 01/26/16
Philosophy Chapter 2 Jan. 20th, 2016 Arguments Argument: one or more statements (premise) that add reason in support of the truth of the statement (conclusion). Reasoning: drawing concluded on evidence. • deduction that takes all evidence into account for the best explanation • In order for there to be an argument, there has to be a conclusion, and one or more premises. There can be only one premise. • Only statement sentences can be valid for an argument Can be an Argument: Statement Sentence: claim that is either true or false. Obtains a truth value. Declarative Sentence: a true or false statement. Has premise and a conclusion. Can NOT be an Argument: Interrogative Sentence: question sentences. Doesn’t describe reality, therefore it is not an argument. Exclamatory Sentences Doesn’t describe reality, therefore it is not an argument. Imperative Sentences: command sentences. Doesn’t describe reality, therefore it is not an argument. Performative Sentences: an action, not a description. (“I promise…”) Indicators Premise key words indicate a conclusion is to follow: because, for, since… Conclusion key words indicate a conclusion is to follow: therefore, so, hence… * Be careful because not all sentences include an indicator, and sometimes they are used incorrectly. * Be careful not to pick an explanation as an argument. Philosophy Chapter 2 Jan. 20th, 2016 NonArguments: Explanations Factual list Topics and the development of that topic Stories Descriptions Claims and an explanation of that claim Warning Advice “If, The” sentences Enthymeme: an argument that is missing one premise or conclusion. Principle of Charity: making an argument strong by supplying missing pieces (for example more premises).
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