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Design Sources: Week Two

by: Katie Potter

Design Sources: Week Two Design 1081

Katie Potter

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About this Document

These are notes that go over the main topics and ideas that were discussed in Week Two for Sources of Modern Design.
Sources of Modern Design
J. A. Chewning
Class Notes
Sources, Design, Modern, DAAP, University of Cincinnati, two
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Potter on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Design 1081 at University of Cincinnati taught by J. A. Chewning in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 83 views. For similar materials see Sources of Modern Design in Graphic Design at University of Cincinnati.

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Date Created: 01/26/16
Sources of Modern Design Notes – Week Two Important Information: Three multiple choice quizzes, must be in attendance to take: th ­Thursday, February 11 ­Tuesday, March 15 th st ­Thursday, April 21   Mechanization of Textile Making, Weaving and Spinning  Eli Whitney (1765­1825) – Inventor of the cotton gin Cotton gin helped separate cotton fibers from cotton seeds Scale of cotton production increased exponentially, process became much more  efficient Spinning wheel was used to spin yarn into thread for clothing and fabrics ­ Used for thousands of years across every civilization, spun by hand Spinning machine created around the 1740s, increased scale of production immensely Could create multiple spindles of threads per person instead of one Huge spinning machines were created in factories with dozens of spindles of thread per  machine, creating enormous amounts of thread Women and child workers would handle the spinning machines, usually for long hours Eventually spinning factories were moved overseas after World War II Looms were another technology that was used for thousands of years around the world Power looms were invented to manufacture woven fabric much more efficiently Factories created to keep up with increased demands ­ Had mostly women and children workers like spinning factories  Joseph­Marie Jacquard (1752­1834) – created the technology to put pictures into a weaving Was possible by using punch cards in a loom Rods in loom would either go through a hole in the punch card or be stopped where  there wasn’t a hole ­ Holes and non­holes told the loom when to thread and when not to thread a  certain string Allowed for very complex and intricate designs to be created when compared to older  woven fabrics Developments in Typography and Printing (1450s­1820s) Any text recorded until the 15  century was written by hand ­ Monasteries devoted to transcribing books and copying down texts Hand drawn pictures and letters common in these books  Johannes Gutenberg (1398­1468) – German jewelry maker, invented the printing press in Europe Printing press was a combination of technologies: presses for paper and for linen Idea to put text into the press with paper underneath to create pages of text Was a breakthrough invention, extremely efficient compared to older method Pages were much more legible, had a regular style with clear spacing and margins Venice became a great crossroad for the world with goods and books being traded Printing press didn’t change for a long time (until the invention of the steam engine) Steel was molded into type, which were punched into copper/brass plates ­ Plates were placed into the printing press, arranged into sentences Type included upper case, lower case, punctuation and numbers ­ Upper and lower case refers to where the letters were kept in the box type was  kept in, capital letters in the upper half and lower case letters in the lower half Caslon type was used in the 1720s through the rest of the 1700s, named after the  inventor of the style, used a gray ink ­ Declaration of Independence was cast in Caslon Baskerville used in 1750s, not well known in America More readable than Caslon, sharp and geometric, very black ink Bodoni popular during 18  century, used thin lines and heavy lines for contrast With the invention of the steam engine, printing presses became piston­powered Production became much faster and efficient


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