Note 4 for ECOL 406R at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Lecture 04 30 Aug 2007 Ethics Leopold Conservation Biology ECOL 406R506R University of Arizona Fall 2007 Kevin Bonine Cathy Hulshof Upcoming Readings today Textbook Ch 3 Leopold readings Callicott 1997 from Meffe and Carroll Q1 due 30 Aug if you choose to answer Tues 04 Sept Text Ch 4 Costanza et al 1997 Driessen 2004 Thurs 06 Sept Walther et al 2002 Peak Oil Link optional National Geographic 1 Conservation Biolo Lab 406L 506L Next Lab Friday 07 September 1230 S or W side BSE 4th and Highland Hat water sunscreen closetoed shoes Readings on Course Website 07 September Sabino Canyon VAN Flooding Wilderness Forest Management Nuisance Wildlife Schedule stands could not change our 2830 Septembertrip 2 Especially relevant for 506 students Conservation Seminar If you are interested in participating in the Conservation Seminar RNR696a but you don t need to enroll please attend Wednesday at 330 in BSE 218 Chris McDonald cmcdonemailarizonaedu contact for readings Public Water Lecmre with Peter Gleick Fresh water ayarlabrlrty is a gowrng rssue of concan across theworld butno where rnorethan rn and lands Tucson lsno arceptron erl projections of ourwater supply rn the drstant future 7 evm in the nart decade or two 7 be accurate7 How wrll prolonged drought affect both water quantity and quality7 What rrnpacts wrll wata supply have on the region s econornrc Vlablllty7 Sustainable Tucson ls corhost of a public lecture by rntanatronal wata expat Peta Glelck along wrth the Water Resources Research Cmter mum and Institute for the study ofPlanetEarth ISPE at the Unryasrty ofAnzona and the southan Arizona Leadership Council SALC A MacArthur Fellow and wrdely publrshed rn leadrng sclmtlflcjoumals Dr peter Glele is one ofthe world s top arpats on the rrnp acts of clrrnate change on water supply His work wrth Communities and goy anmmts across the Southwest and the world brrngs a broad perspectrye to the local drscussron HOW can We define sustainable vtmter pulicies based on sound laws and sclmce7 To What extmt will Wata transfers and markets r the econornrcs of shrftrng wata 7 help us reconcrle gowth and supp lles whrch are limited keeping rn rnrnd that global Warming as well as landuse changes wrll likely affectboth surface and goundwater systansi Sustainable Tucson belreyes Dr Glelck s vision can help inform local plannrng by bnngrng the aipenmce ofrnany Communities to bear on Tucson s creative solutions to longrta m water security Dr Glele wrll address water arpats and other leaders at the Arizona Hydrologrc Society s regronal conferance Sustainable Water Unlimited Growth and Quality olefe Can We Have ItAll7 to be held August 27 i 30 in Tucson The joint plannrng ofthrs pub lrc lecture arnongstunryersrty departments cryrc business and Community goup s points to aicltlng new dialogue over water and sustainabllltytaklngplace rn ourcornrnunrty The lecturewlll take place in Tucson on August 30 at 730 pm at Temple EmanurEl r 225 N Country Club Rd Contact Madeline ster mkiserdakotacomnet or Susan Williams susanleewilliamscoxnet for more information Plastic Trees in Los Angeles knowledge gt advocacy Perhaps our grandsons having never seen a wild river will never miss the chance to set a canoe in singing waters Leopold5 Values Ethics Philosophy Rolston Essay p 35 in Callicott Chapter species vs species in the system definition of species value of evolutionary trajectory extinction and doors temporal and spatial scales Role of scale mmmmmmnmmmm Anthropogenic perturbations fast rate and large spatial scale Citedin silicon 1997 Values EthllS Philosophy Ethics constrain selfserving behavior in deferenoe to some other good Tragedy of the Commons Role of religions interpretation Science Vol 162 Issue 3859 12431248 13 December 1968 The Tragedy of the Commons Garrett Hardin The tragedy ofthe commons develops rn tlnrs way Prcture a pasture open to all It rs to be expected that each herdsman wrlltry to keep as many cattle as possrble on the commons Such an arrangement may work reasonably satrsfactorrly for centunes because trrbal wars poachrng and drsease keep the nunbers ofbotln man and beast well below the carryrng capacrty ofthe land Flnally however comes the day ofreckonrng that rs the day when the longrdeslred goal ofsocral stabrlrty becomes a realrty Al thrs pornt the rnherent logrc ofthe commons remorselessly generatestragedy As a ratronal berng each herdsman seeks to maximize hrs garn Exp lrcrtly or rmplrcrtly more or less conscrously he asks What rs the utrlrty to me ofaddrng one more anrmal to my herd7 Thls utrlrty has one negatrye and one posrtrye component 1 The posrtrye component rs a functron oftlne rneement of one anrmal Slnce the herdsman receryes all theproceeds fromthe sale oftlne addrtronal anrmal theposrtrye utrlrty lsnearly1 z The negatrye component rs a functron ofthe addrtronal overgrazrng created by one more anrmal Slnce however the effects ofoyergrazrng are shared by all the herdsmen the negatrye utrlrty for any partrcular declslonrmaklng herdsman rs only a fractron of r l Addlng together the component partral utrlrtres the ratronal hedsman concludes that the only sensrble course for hrm to pursue rs to add anotlner anrmal to hrs herd And anotlner and another Butthrs rs the conclusron reached by each and eyeyratronalhedsman sharrng a commons Therern rs the tragedy Each man rs locked rnto a system that compels hrm to rncrease hrs hed wrthout llmltrrln a world that rs lrmrted Rum rs the destrnatron toward whrch all men rush each pursurng hrs own best rnterest rn a socrety thatbelreyes rn the freedom ofthe commons Freedom rn a commons bnngs gum to all JudeoChristian Tradition Lands abba Intrinsic value by divine decree Noah saving species Islam No separation of church and state Unity Trusteeship Accountability Hinduism Core of all being is one reality Brahman Prakrti matrix of the material creation lrl Buddhism Limit use of resources Nirvana sefsurroundings Jainism Each living thing has a soul Taoism The way of nature don t buck it 11 Iroqu0Is E SESQEQ consider the impact of their decisions on the seventh generation to come Chipko Hindu links The ultimate treehuggers Himalayas of India Tnhll 13 Sun Llim w Imiuulrm Sm mum quotmmquot ununumm Mm v kmva 39n1E on m MOTIVATIUN Inn EnNsuu 1mquot WWWmum mwm wwwummwnmm Human m mmmlmd humwua m m mmpmm 1 WWW m m wwmm m H m MALmm mm m ummmm mm m m NM mummwm 1 mpmmpymmwmm memn ThequotmmurmlrumcvllucswannuInnunmmwmulumpmw WWW mum an humquot WWW uumum lcmmukmm m m mam 1 mvdumvmmmm Ammumm uwuuwmmWNW mummmmm lmcmmm medcrmu MANNmum cummmvln mm 4 l mmmnmn uumm WWW Htxnunruxzwpnnwmv39l mMmu mnmvrcmwmmmums mung mncmb umm lnmcmvmmmm h Immhcwuhcrw mm sauna bpwwrvnhvhcn nmmmmww m m m m m LltMngammau w mum wmmmw m m ummnm 1v Mmm 5 5mmme Sucumltcmrm l SumlmIntunaufnmmmu4ndan mmlhmchmhmmm mummm W mmm um warm m wam w mm mdnmww mquot m mm mm a WWW mummy BuwwumuuummmwMrm lurmnymlmlma vmlummmm 1mm mm ngcmnr menmmvnnvghn lnzwc MW ncuw mm mm quotmmw 7 Mmmwmm Amhmpomvln mm WWW mummammwmr 1W 5 Mumphmm m mum wth m m mu mmwmmm m M m mmwmmm mm 13 V51 We mus Personal Example Virtue Van Dyke p 75 14 quotConsenation may be a sign of personal virtue but it is not a sufficient basis for a sound comprehensive energy policyquot Vice President R Cheney April 2001 15 Five axioms of consensus among environmentalists Dynamism Interrelatedness Nested systems Creative processes Differential fragility U39lbble l Norton 1991 see Van Dyke p 72 16 Debate 20 Sept 2007 Should the attailed horned lizard Phrynosoma mcalil be ESA listed Three groups one will debate another will evaluate third will observe then we rotate 406 Debate 1 20 Sept Group A debate Group B evaluate Group C observe Debate 2 23 Oct Group A observe Group B debate Group C evaluate Debate 3 15 Nov Group A evaluate Group B observe Group C debate Debate 1 20 Sept 506 A assist 506 B assist 506 C observe Debate 2 23 Oct 506 A assist 506 B observe 506 C assist Debate 3 15 Nov 506 A observe 506 B assist 506 C assist 17 Horned Lizard Debate 20 Sept 2007 506 A and 506 B look for relevant interest groups and readings think about debate rules Group A will also look for relevant interest groups confer about resource leads with 506 A and B Exchange contact information choose a leader divide up tasks set timeline practice with your 506 mentors confer with instructors Possible Interest Groups US Govt USFWS AZ CA BLM USFS CBD US Military etc Information Federal Register CBD BLM USFWS 18 Discussion 1 How do conservationists respond to the question What good is it 2 How do we verify that humans or anything has intrinsic value 3 EnclosedPrivate Goods or Common Goods Which of these is a better approach for conservation Why 4 What is the conservation role of the world s religions 19 Objectivity is only possible in matters too small to be important or in matters too large to do anything about p 226 Leopold 20 10 18871948 httpwww aldoleopold orgBiographyBiography him Aldo Leopold Foundation Aldo Leopold Thinking Like a Mountain Escudilla The Land Ethic The Outlook for Farm Wildlife The LandHealth Concept and Conservation 22 11 Aldo Leopold An ethic ecologically is a limitation on freedom of action in the struggle for existence An ethic philosophically is a differentiation of social from antisocial conductquot p 238 23 Aldo Leopold Land Ethic socia evolution social disapproval for wrong actions and ethic enlarges the community to include biota human as plain member and citizen not ruler Conquerer self defeating because falsely thinks she understands how the system works and can control it 24 12 Leopold Land Ethic Property vs propriety Role of land biology in human history Diamond Guns Germs and Steel Sacrifice Obligation of private landowner Livestock Violence Economics Farm as Factory or Place to Live 25 Aldo Leopold Land Ethic What is landhealth processes evolutionaryecological biology complexity amp quality invasives 26 13 Aldo Leopold Land Ethic land pyramid a thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity stability and beauty of the biotic community It is wrong when it tends otherwise Aldo Leopold 28 14 Leopold 777ining like a mountain a mountain lives in mortal fear of its deerquot Escudila progress It s only a mountain nowquot The planet will survive will we 29 In our attempt to make consenation easy we have made trivial p246 Leopold 30 15 The LandHealth Concept and Conservation Conservation 5 I sent ofcohgtgcal predictions made by 17ng quotas becauec ecologists hm failed to n cr any Leopold p 220 z Whether you will or not You are a King Tristram for you are one Of the timetsted few that leave the world When they are gone not the same plaoe it was Mark what you leavequot As numbed m teapam mg n 261Yheta1d mo 16 mumm mum Human Population 1 WE hm 33
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