SOC 2010 Chapter 1 Notes
SOC 2010 Chapter 1 Notes Soc 2010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by kyle.gosland on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 2010 at Clemson University taught by Mary Barr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see Introduction to sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 01/27/16
Chapter 1 Notes Sociology is the scientific study of society How is society defined? Social Stratification Social Institutions Culture Social Stratification Members are categorized into different groups Race, class, gender, sexuality Not all groups are valued equally Groups viewed as “better” will have more access to rewards and resources, and groups viewed as “worse” will have less access to the same things Social Institutions Relatively stable and widely accepted groups, statuses, values, norms that develop because of a basic need from society Institutions are “understood” as permanent Not actually permanent, just seen that way by members of society because they are so widely accepted Culture Characteristics of a group of people that come together to create a way of life Material (tangible) and symbolic (ideas) Create links between individuals and society Agency= willpower Sociological Imagination Charles Wright Mills from Columbia University Wrote “The Sociological Imagination” in 1959 Theoretical tool to understand social context Relationship between individuals and larger social forces Distinguishing Personal Problems from Public Large numbers (stats, data, trends) If it’s not a problem in other societies Microsociology focuses on interactions between individuals and then makes generalizations about society based on what is observed Macrosociology looks at society as a whole to see how individuals are affected by the overall society Theories are abstract propositions that attempt to explain the social world and make predictions about the future Auguste Comte (1798-1857) Positivism: laws are social rules, backed by authority or logical thought processes; people gain knowledge through their senses Sense perceptions are the only valid source of knowledge Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) was responsible for establishing sociology in America and Britain Social Darwinism: applying Charles Darwin’s theories about natural selection and survival of the fittest to people within society Structural Functionalism: assumes that society is a unified whole that is able to function because of contributions made by its separate structures within Mechanical Solidarity: Emile Durkheim; shared traditions and beliefs create a sense of social cohesion and togetherness False Consciousness: denial of the truth Pragmatism assumes that humans and other organisms adapt to the environment they’re placed in Dramaturgy: ways people strategically present themselves to others in order to make a certain impression Modernism: people trust in science and technology Postmodernism: the world is in a constantly changing state; the world isn’t all black and white, there are more in-betweens Deconstruction involves looking at individual parts of a theory in order to analyze the theory as a whole Eurocentric: considering Europeans and Europe as the center of culture and history Often overlooks minorities, can even suppress them
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