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PLSC 112: Week 3

by: Carissa Meier

PLSC 112: Week 3 PLSC 112

Carissa Meier

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Class Days: 1/19/2016 and 1/21/2016 Covers: Bill of Rights, Federalism (Strengths/Weaknesses), Types of Government, Constitutional Powers.
American Government (PLSC 112, Lottie)
Dr. Adrian Lottie
Class Notes
PLSC, PLSC 112, Government, American Government, 112, constitution, Bill of Rights, federalism
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carissa Meier on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PLSC 112 at Eastern Michigan University taught by Dr. Adrian Lottie in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see American Government (PLSC 112, Lottie) in Political Science at Eastern Michigan University.

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Date Created: 01/27/16
1/19/2016 Federalism 1. Bill of Rights a. First 10  Amendments and the 14  Amendment b. Analytical Technique (Virginia) i. George Mason, defined a situation where someone would have the least  amount of liberty (e.g. A Slave). So he looked at Virginia Slave Codes to  define liberties.  2. Federalist Papers a. 3 Branches with individual powers i. Legislative ii. Executive iii. Judicial  b. Ambition to check ambition.  c. Federalism i. Power comes from the top down ii. States and the Federal Government.  d. Meshes with human and geographical landscape (diversity of land, population,  and size of country).  3. Note that the Constitution is somewhat vague and flexible so that politics and culture can  develop and be given adequate play (and time). Ours is the oldest living Constitution.  a. Ex. Civil rights 1950.  Federalism (Chapter 3) 1. Federalism and Alternatives to Federalism a. Unitary i. National government has all the power.  ii. Widely practiced throughout the world.  b. Confederation  i. Constituent unites have power.  ii. Few exist today: European Union (unofficially), The UN.  c. Federalism i. Combines strong national government with constituent units possessing  substantial powers.  ii. Only a few exist today: US, Canada, Mexico, and India (to name a few).  1/21/2016 2. Devolution a. Transferring back to the State some responsibilities which had previously been  assumed by the national government after 1930.  3. Advantages of Federalism a. Lends itself to large diverse country.  b. Multiple arenas keeps government close to the people.  c. Experiments possible due to smaller unites: Can protest ideas.  d. Can adapt to subcultures, especially regional, which may combine with ethnic,  religion, or other aspects of culture.  i. Ex. Louisiana (French, catholic), California (Spanish), Minnesota  (Scandinavian), Pennsylvania (German), Kentucky (Scotch­Irish).  e. Outlet for power/ambition.  4. Disadvantages of Federalism a. Possibility of Domination by a single political group; i. Ex. The pre­civil rights south.  b. National can expand at the expense of the States: Divide and Conquer.  c. Inequality of the Law: Gay Marriage.  d. Difficulty coordinating national policies.  5. Constitutional Powers a. Expressed i. Article I, Section 8: 27 enumerated (named) powers. ii. Article II, Section 2: Delegates certain powers to the President, and some  amendments add powers such as the “Power of Congress to provide in the case of the death of the President or Vice President under certain  conditions after a death.   b. Implied i. Triggered by the “Necessary and Proper Clause” or the “Elastic Clause”,  these allow for powers to be exercised necessary and proper to implement the expressed powers.  1. Ex. For example to wage war the government must be allowed to  purchase weapons.  c. Inherent i. These powers necessary for the government to protect the integrity and  survival of the nation as a political unit  d. Powers prohibited for national government: Article 1, Section 9, and the first 8  Amendments of the Constitution.  6. Powers of States a. Police Powers i. 10  Amendment: Power to regulate internal affairs and maintain the  health, morals, safety, and welfare of the sates citizens. These powers  known as police powers may ebb and flow depending on the political  discourse and regulatory environment. This is partly due to the vague  nature of Amendment 10.  1. Ex. Speed limit, DUI laws, Blood tests for marriage licenses.


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