Landscape Archaeology (1)
Landscape Archaeology (1) ANTH 4953
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Heidi Hilts on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 4953 at University of Oklahoma taught by Asa R. Randall in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Landscape Archaeology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 01/27/16
Landscape Archaeology 1/19/16 Landscape is: Culture over nature Anthroposy – new geological era in which humans are a major factor (e.g. water, emissions, etc.) Ritualistic landscape areas o References to celestial bodies Provenience and context are important Reconstructing Landscapes o To see how it was before it changed naturally and by people over time in order to interpret the past accurately Remote sensing: GPR Maps o Flat, 1100 AD biblical map o 3D topology, pre-Inca example o 3D structure, carved Inuit map Anthrosols o Places made more fertile by humans o Much more ecologically diverse o Typically surrounded by areas of not very fertile soil Construction history Miami circle o Confused for sewage o Holes dug for posts in limestone Woodhenge in FL Protests to save it by Native groups and archaeologists 1/21/16 Notes Meinig’s landscape categories o Nature o Ideology o History o Aesthetic In the Light of Reverence documentary o Questions to keep in mind: What landscape features are in contention? What different landscape perspectives are being espoused? What laws define experience of landscapes? o Native Americans losing sacred ground Spider Woman creation story Lakota, Hopi, Wintu tribes Threatened by competing religions, mining, etc. o Moto Tipila, Wyoming Mtn tower Sacred, religious perspective Practical, recreational perspective Economic perspective Power struggles Experiences defined by federal law because this site is on federal land Laws about religion Religion is in churches Activities outside are deemed recreational o Hopi sites San Francisco peaks Pilgrimage disrupted by mines Other people view mines as important even “sacred Woodruff butte Mormons also laid claim to Hopi sacred land (the butte) Mining opened at butte in 1991 Mine shut down by paying $1 million by Clinton administration
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