SAEL 200 SAEL 200-053
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Brown on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SAEL 200-053 at University of South Carolina taught by DANIEL KRUIDENIER in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Social Advocacy and Ethical Life in Culture at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 01/27/16
Cultural Relativism - trying to explain some kind of distinction between right and wrong. - an action is right if and only if it is sanctioned by the culture, and wrong if and only if banned by the culture. - this is not objective truth to moral statements. (same take this to be controversial) Explanatory value- provides an explanation for why this is such apparent variability in moral judgement across time and space. There is an objective morality but why cant we converge upon it. Cultural Differences Argument- Best Argument Primus- Different cultures have different moral beliefs. Conclusion- there is no objective truth to morality. ( Invalid - it is possible for the premie(s) to be true while the conclusion is false) Example Primus- All men are mortal. Socrates is a man. Conclusion- Socrates is mortal. Primus- People of different cultures think the Earth is different shapes Conclusion- Therefore the question “What is the shape of the Earth?” has no answer??? (Differences of opinion are no proof for there being no objective truth about the matter) Argument from Consequences - a statement that follows as true from the truth of another statement. Primus- If p, then q It is not the case that q Conclusion- Therefore, it is not the case that p. Primus- If Cultural Relativism is true, then consequences must be true. But, consequences is not true. Conclusion- So, cultural relativism is not true??? 1. We could no longer judge the customs of other societies to be morally inferior. 2. Right vs wrong would be determined only by insulting cultural standards. 3. If cultural relativism is true then there can be no real moral progress. Different cultures have different moral beliefs. Differences in customs (practice)—> Difference in moral values. —-> Other factors can take part into other peoples different view points. Example: environment, cosmology An argument for coming universal moral values. 1. A culture is a thing that may or may not survive. 2. A culture that can change are such that there are necessary conditions that must be in place for them to be preserved in being. 3. Some of the necessary conditions are moral . - value of truth- telling (prohibition on lying) - Prohibitions on murder (valuing life) - Valuing the young (education)
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