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Date Created: 01/27/16
Mia Carrillo Topic: College Tuition General Purpose: To persuade Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that college tuition should be lowered to a more practical price. Thesis: While some people argue that tuition should stay the same price, I think it should be lowered so students can have more access to education and it will decrease student debt. I. Introduction A. Attention Getter: Did you hear about the banker who was arrested for embezzling $100,000 to pay for his daughter college education? And as the police officer, who also had a daughter in college, was leading him away in handcuffs, said to the banker, "I have just one question for you. Where were you going to get the rest of the money?" Well okay, this story might not be true but I’m sure all of you can relate to the ridiculously high price we pay to attend college. B. Purpose Statement: And I want all of you to know why college should be and lowered to a more practical price. C. Credibility Statement: As a student currently paying out of state tuition to attend Auburn, I feel my first hand struggle with this experience makes me a creditable source. D. Thesis: While some people argue that tuition should stay the same price, I think it should be lowered so students can have more access to education and to decrease student debt. Transition: Before I get into why tuition prices should be more cost efficient, I’m going to touch on why some people think tuition is fine how it is. II. Keeping college tuition the same A. Some people feel that the high prices charged at colleges will keep students that don’t actually care about getting an education out, and the one’s that are serious about their degrees will be willing to pay. B. While there is some sense behind this, it does not always work like this. Times have changed and a lot of times, some people who truly want to attend college, just cannot afford to go. C. The Jeremy Anderberg published in Research on Higher Education said, “Since 1990, just 24 years ago, the price of a four-year institution has soared 300%.” D. This increase makes it difficult for families to put money down for just one child. And while people might think that if you really want to go to college they will act and do whatever they can to make it possible, that is just not realistic. E. With the price of tuition, combined with living expenses, as well as the stagnant working class wages, some students, no matter how much they want it, just cannot afford to go to a 4 year university and get a degree, simply because it is just too expensive. F. To me, this staggering 300% increase in the past 2 decades is ridiculous. Especially with the economic crisis is 2008, you would think colleges would at least keep prices steady until recovery. G. So, even it might be true that tuition is not holding everyone who really wants to be in college from going, it is definitely more of a deterrent than a helper. Transition: This leads me to my next point. III. The lowering of college tuition would make education more accessible. A. With such a high price in tuition families, it makes it hard for parents to put their kids through college. Especially when you consider other living expenses like house payments, food, insurances fees, and so many more. B. According to Newsweek Global, “college tuition for just one child will absorb almost 40% of their income, and in 2012, the college average was $19,339, where the US median income was $51, 017.” C. These statistics show the intense financial burden of education on families. D. Vedder, of the National Review, claims that “if colleges would focus more on academics rather than college amenities, costs of tuition would decrease significantly, leading more students to the chance at a college education.” E. This is making success after high school is becoming harder and harder to achieve, but if prices were lowered more people would be able to get degrees. F. With a degree more people could get better, higher paying jobs, which ultimately leads to people being able to sufficiently provide for themselves and their family, without having to rely on the government. Transition: Not only would more students have an education, but it would also decrease student debt. IV. Due to high tuition prices, many students are leaving with massive amounts of debt. A. With decreased tuition, we could reduce the problem of the massive amount of debt after graduation. B. According to Mcardle in an article called The College Bubble, it is “now virtually impossible to conceive of a high school students making enough money with summer jobs and part-time jobs during the school year to put themselves through a 4-year school.” C. This is also why he states “somewhere between 1/2 and 2/3s of undergrads come out of school with debt.” D. Unfortunately, students who have to pay back for their own degree get sunk into a hole before they can even have a chance to start with a clean slate. E. If tuition decrease, we would not eliminate the problem of student debt, but it would help the financial burden that ends up weighing people down. F. The U.S. News & World Report also notes that “more than half of all students are forced to borrow to meet expenses. Many, no doubt, will still be repaying their loans when they are saving for their own children's education.” G. This is a sad truth and hopefully one day, if tuition is ever made practical, students will not start off their “real” lives in sticky financial situations because they decided to further their education. Transition: So, now lets go over what I’d talked about. V. Conclusion A. Review main points: Lowering tuition makes it possible for so many more kids to get an education, that can’t at our current college tuition rates, also would decrease student debt after graduating. B. Restate Purpose: I hope that the information I have discussed today you see the many benefits of lower tuition. C. Statement of Closure: Even though it might be too late to see that change in our own college tuition’s, hopefully this nationwide financial burden will be reformed. Bibliography Anderberg, J. (2012, May 17). Tuition Discounting for Revenue Management. Research in Higher Education, 263-281. Bernasek, A. (2014, April 11). IT'S A PLANE. IT'S A YACHT. NO, IT'S YOUR TUITION BILL. Newsweek Global, 1-3. Elfin, M. (2010, September 15). America's Best Colleges. U.S. News & World Report, 108-108. McArdle, M. (2012, September 17). The College Bubble. Newsweek, 22- 26. Vedder, R. (2004, October 11). A Fortune in Tuition. National Review, 36-40 (You should note citations wherever a source’s information is used throughout your outline, & follow your outline with a reference page.) (See sample reference page in files section.)
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