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Introduction to Psychology

by: shashi.osp2

Introduction to Psychology PSY 2301

Marketplace > University of Texas at Dallas > Psychlogy > PSY 2301 > Introduction to Psychology

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About this Document

Introduction to Psychology
Introduction to Psychology
Dr. Sasson
Class Notes
Intoruduction, Psychology
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by shashi.osp2 on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2301 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. Sasson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Texas at Dallas.


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Date Created: 01/27/16
Introduction to Psychology  Science: system for acquiring knowledge through observation and experimentation. o Produces “facts” o Empiricism: claim based on evidence  Acquiring evidence (data) using observation and/or experimentation o Skepticism: refusing claim without evidence  Be aware when data conflicts our preconceived notions because we may not agree with the evidence.  Confirmation Bias: only accepting the data that confirms an already held belief.  Evaluate whether data supports the claim being made.  Viewing the data in the same scale, graph, etc. will allow accurate comparison or analysis  Pseudoscience: appears as science but lack a reliance on empiricism and skepticism. o Used for marketing and is everywhere. o Example: phrenology: people with bigger brains are more intelligent.  Remember: words of wisdom, slogans, and sayings are not scientific. Always believe the claims that support the data using scientific method.  Psychology: study of behavior and mental processes o Scientific: uses scientific methods to empirically understand how humans think, feel, and act. o Experimental approach (Late 1800’s)  Wilhelm Wundt: first formal psychology lab in Germany (1879).  William James: first psychology textbook  Functionalism: how the conscious mind aids our functioning.  Sigmund Freud: psychodynamic theory: unconscious mind.  Not an experimental approach.  Psychologist (PhD): study all aspects of the human experience. o Academic and research o Clinical: diagnosis and treatment by being more holistic and less “medical model”  Does not use/prescribe pharmaceuticals o Two types of psychologists:  Research Psychologist: use scientific method to acquire psychological knowledge and teach them to students. (Development, social, cognitive, clinical).  Applied Psychologist: use existing knowledge to solve and prevent problems. (Clinical, counseling, school/educational, industry/organizational).  Psychiatry (MD): medical science concerned with diagnosis and treatment of mental illness by prescribing medicine.


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