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Black Experience: Class and Culture

by: Samantha

Black Experience: Class and Culture AFST1100

Marketplace > University of Toledo > African Studies > AFST1100 > Black Experience Class and Culture
GPA 3.0

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About this Document

- Questions pertaining to class - Approaches to class identification - History and class struggle - Slavery and capitalism - Sharecropping - Migration and Industrial workers ...
Intro to Africana Studies
Dr. Jackson
Class Notes
AFST, Africana Studies, Introduction, class, Culture
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AFST1100 at University of Toledo taught by Dr. Jackson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Intro to Africana Studies in African Studies at University of Toledo.

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Date Created: 01/27/16
Black Experience: Class and Culture   Questions pertaining to class o How do I feed and take care of my family? o How do I work? o How do I maintain a good quality of life?  Two approaches  o Social stratification – the process by which individuals and groups are ranked in a  more or less enduring hierarchy of status  Objective: things that can be measured; income, schooling and occupation   Subjective (opinion): a ranking of social classes based on social cultural  values o Power  Objective: ownership and control of means of production vs labor   Subjective: control of the ruling class  History and class struggle  o Slavery and Capitalism  When Africans were brought as slaves the main class relations were slaves and slave owners o Sharecropping  Developed after civil war in which former slaves worked land owned by  former slave owners  Former slaves paid for use of land, and tools, seed, fertilizer and mules by  sharing a portion of the crop they harvested with the land owner  Basically kept slavery alive even after it was made illegal  o Migration and Industrialization   Two great migrations led to millions of African Americans to move North; this was a radical transformation from southern rural areas to urban  northern cities     First migration occurred from 1910­1940  Second migration occurred from 1940­1970  People had access to education   People had more income   Overall more opportunities were given to Africans once North   o Current Class  Black capitalist class  Main income comes from ownership, especially stocks  o Ex) Oprah   Black middle class   Main income comes from professional jobs or family businesses   Usually involving schooling o Ex) nurses, electrician, teacher, etc.   Black working class  Main incomes comes from  jobs with little freedom and little  mobility  o Ex) Factory, fast food, mining; time­clock jobs etc.   Black anti­class  Main income comes from government or underground market  o Ex) drug dealers, thieves, etc.  o Culture  Cultures­ way of life of a particular group of people  All people have culture but not all cultural practices are valued by others  outside of a culture   Black culture has suffered from white racism, but it has also served as  foundation for survival  


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