Intro to Soc January 22-27 Class Notes
Intro to Soc January 22-27 Class Notes 1500-23210
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by ysu34 on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1500-23210 at Youngstown State University taught by Denise A. Narcisse, Ph.D. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Youngstown State University.
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Date Created: 01/27/16
January 20-27, 2016 Intro to Sociology Class Notes January 22, 2016 – F B. Five Early Sociologist 1. Comte (France) a. came up with the term sociology b. interested with the foundation of sociology c. he stressed that an important goal of sociology should be to make the world a better place by social reform 2. Spencer (England) a. Interested in evolution of society from a criminative state to a civilized one b. He disagreed with Comte’s idea that sociology should guide social reform c. He argued that society should be allowed to improve through a natural process, through this people would be weeded out if they were weak and were allowed to survive if they were strong a. Social Darwinism- argues through natural process, weak is weeded out, strong survives 3. Marx (Germany) a. Carl Marx argued that the tension he observed in society resulted from conflict between groups b. The two main groups were the people who owned the means to produce wealth and those who didn’t, the mean owners were typically business owners c. You are either a have or a have not d. He contributed a lot to what we now call the conflict perspective 4. Durkheim (France) a. Studied suicide extremely b. Emphasized importance of social integration and understandingsuicide c. Social integration- he meant to the extent which we are tied or connected to a social group like our family, friends, and neighbors d. He found that people that were not well integrated in a society were more likely to commit suicide, examples would include protestants more likely to commit suicide than Catholics, men more than women, and single people more than married people. We can tie social integration with gender. 5. Weber (Germany) a. Focused on the role of religion in social change b. He proposed that the protestant religion played a key role in the capitol region January 25, 2016 - M C. Sociologists in North America • Earliest departments of sociology in the United States were established in the late 1800s and at three universities: a. University of Kansas b. University of Chicago c. University of Atlanta 1. Jane Addams a. Studied and provided social services to the poor who immigrated to Chicago from Europe in the 1800s b. Chaos occurred on west side of Chicago c. She established the Haul House d. The Haul House was a settlement house that provided social services like literacy programs, job training, and recreational programs for children e. She received a noble peace prize in 1931 for her noble efforts f. Believed that new discipline/ sociology should be used to make the world a better place by social reform 2. W.E.B. Dubois a. William Edward Burnhart Dubois b. First African American to earn a doctorate, PhD at Harvard University c. He was a sociologist in the United States to combine sociology and social reform, he believed sociology should be used to make the world a better place d. Research based on race relations, more about relationships between whites and black e. He wanted to improve race relations f. He and Jane Addams founded the NAACP (National Association for Advancement of Colored People) 3. Talcott Parsons a. Was interested in how society is structured and fit together b. Developed a model that describes society as being comprised of various systems 1. Economic System 2. Political System 3. Legal System 4. Educational, Religious, and Family Systems c. Each system has a function for examples an important function of #4 above was to socialize people in society and to instill common values into people 4. C. Wright Mills a. Studied the power elite, which he defined as: 1. Top Business Leaders 2. Top Political Leaders 3. Top Military Officials b. According to Mills the power elite: 1. Stuck together 2. Traveled in same social circles 3. Shared family backgrounds 4. Controlled anything that went on in America including what the media reported Extra Credit Opportunity 1. Think of your favorite song 2. Consider the year the song was produced or release 3. Type that year and the term "time line" into Google 3. In 5-6 sentences, describe how you believe events that were taking place when your favorite song was produced influence YOUR outlook on life Submit your written responses in class by this Wednesday, 1/27/16 January 27, 2016 - W More on Sociological Perspective Theory and Hypothesis A. Defining Terms a. Theory- a general statement about how some parts of the world get together and how they work i. A theory implies a cause-effect relationship ii. Example: a lack of social integration increases peoples vulnerability to physical abuse iii. Theories generate what we call a hypothesis b. Hypothesis- predictions that we draw from a theory i. A hypothesis often takes the format of an if-then statement ii. Example: a hypothesis based upon the above theory would go like this; If a woman is socially isolated from friends and family then she is more likely to become a victim of physical abuse rather than a woman who is not. c. Theories and hypothesis must be tested, we must examine evidence that either supports or refutes/disagrees with it B. Independent and Dependent Variables a. Independent variables- refers to the thing(s) we believe because of something i. Use the letter ‘x’ to represent the independent variable
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