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Week 2 Notes

by: Cathleen Pina

Week 2 Notes History 102

Cathleen Pina
CSU Pomona
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Dr. Stephanie McKinney
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cathleen Pina on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 102 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Dr. Stephanie McKinney in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION in History at California State Polytechnic University.

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Date Created: 01/27/16
Week 2 Notes Judaism Islam - Youngest of the Abrahamic Religions Christianity Abrahamic - Old & New Testament and the Quiran Religions Judaism Islam - Oldest of the Abrahamic Religions - Old Testament Christianity - Directly from Judaism - Both Old & New Testament They all share Holy Lands Islam- Unifies the Middle East Muhammad-> warrior prophet -great military strategist -wins improbable battles (as if by divine intervention, helped prove religion) -650 A.D. ->Islam is settled in the Middle East -Loyalty to Islam most important of quality -Umayyads ->hereditary rule 5 pillars of Islam 1)- No God but God (LOYALTY) 2)-Praying 5 times a day 3)-Fasting during Ramadan 4)-Alms to the poor 5)-Pilgrimage to Mecca -Mecca->a trading city Trade is important to Islam Spreads ideas -Sunnis Mainstream->Majority of the Islamic people -Shiits Minority th Rulers must be related to Muhammad Becomes the 6 pillar of Islam Ali’s Family (Ali is Muhammad’s son-in-law) -Umayyads Tolerance for other religions (w/ limitations) -limited political rights -higher taxes -Only Arabs could take Office Arabic became the language of Islam -Baghdad Center of learning Declined in the 11 century -Abbasids Overthrow Umayyads Caliphate -The Islamic empire expands to: North Africa Eastern Europe -Sharla law Based on Islam China- Tang (618-907 A.D.) Silk Road China India Middle East -Trade also by sea -helped the growth of Buddhism Foreign influence (Buddhism is originally from India) Monasteries were used by travelers as a SAFE rest-stop -helped spread the religion of the monastery Civil Service Exam -A test Highest score gets positions -makes education important early on -Buddhism -> gives the opportunity for monks to teach Merchants -Hard to determine loyalty Money but no land (in a land based culture) No children of merchants are eligible for positions Chang’an – 1rst city with 1 million people Infrastructure -canals -roads Diverse (segregated) Example : Chinese -People would be in an ‘order’ of their own Gated community’s of specific culture Jews -Ex: Islamic Communities & Jewish Communities -NO MIXING! Muslim Empress Wu s -Starts out as a concubine -‘works’ with Emperor and then his son -she then organizes the murder the son’s wife -then she kills the emperor’s son -somewhere during that whole affair the baby of the son and his wife was also murdered -Strongly Buddhist Reign: Is more equal towards genders (not as rigid as Confucianism) -Expands empire - Doesn’t expand female rights Doesn’t want to ‘rock the boat’ But she does highlights the important women in Chinese history Eunuchs -guards of the concubines -trusted (they couldn’t ‘use’ the concubines or jeopardize the legitimacy of any of the concubines children) -evolved into administrative role -military strategist (originally soldiers) Korea -Conquered by the Tang-> which unified Korea -adopt Chinese administrative structure -civil service exams -Buddhism, Confucianism both takes root in their culture -language (more diversity) Poetry Literature -Both Korea & Japan steal the silkworms (among other things) Japan -Also conquered by the Tang -adopt Chinese administrative structure -religion Buddhism Confucianism Shinto (dominant religion before the Tang) -absorbs good traits from Buddhism & Confucianism -Literature/ Poetry The tale of Genji -written by a woman


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