Intro to American Politics First Three Weeks Notes
Intro to American Politics First Three Weeks Notes PSCI 1101
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Evan Gallagher on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1101 at University of Colorado taught by John Griffin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Intro to American Politics in Political Science at University of Colorado.
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Date Created: 01/27/16
Sunday, May 22, y Intro to American politics 1/14 Government: an organization with a monopoly on the legitimate use of force to control human behavior Sate of nature A life with out government 2 big points 1.State of nature is not nice “nasty, brutish, and short” 2. capacity to check power is really important - Why government? what governments do; 1. Provide order 2. provide public goods, services. A. nonexcludable (can;t be preventative from enjoying even if unwilling to pay) B.Non rivalrous (my use doesn’t leave less for you) 3. Resolve conflicts over scare resources 1 Sunday, May 22, y Why do we really need a government to provide them • Because non payers will free ride on payers when you try to produce public goods privately 1/19-politcal culture “ser of ideas values, and attitudes about government and the political process held bt a community or nation. This implies… • variation across countries • the type of government a country has is a choice American creed Equality “we hold these truths to be selfevident, that all men are created equal” 1. Equality of opportunity: everyone treated the same bt the law can.. go to school, rn for office, vote, seek a job. 2. Equality of outcome. Everyone has the same level of success 2 Sunday, May 22, y Individualism: Individual, not the group is central. Democracy “rule by the people” We value equal opportunity to influence Liberty Government should leave people alone as much as possible Limited government: Government does not control private life. (economy, religion, housing, hobbies.) Totalitarian government: Government controls all aspects of life. (housing,mortality, entertainment, food, clothes) Property: People should be able to acquire, own, and use goods as they like. Consequences: 2. debates are constrained by the creed 3. debates involve conflict between values. 1/14-Why revolution Acts that led to American revolution • 1764 sugar act • 1765 quartering act forces colonists to house and feed British soldiers • 1765 stamp act taxes all documents. First direct tax by British in 150 years • 1767 townsend its tax paper, tea, glass, lead • 1770 Boston Massacre • 1773 tea act enforced hurts colonial merchants • 1774 coercive acts closed Boston Harbor stricter quartering act stripped MA of local government • lexington and concord 3 Sunday, May 22, y • 1776 declaration of independence Declaration of Independence we hold these truths to be self evident 1 that all men are created equal 3. that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights 4. that among these are 5. that to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the content of the governed 6. That whenever ant form of government becomes destructive to these ends. It is the rights of the people to alter or to abolish it and to the institute new government. Big issues How can we protect liberty? freedom from tyranny or monarchy How strong should the central government bo what is the best size to guarantee liberty while at the same time allowing government to be effective Articles of confederation The first form of the constitution They formed a confederation which meant the states were only loosely connected, the states retained the right to continue to govern themselves Problems: No president Congress had limited powers can’t tax Cant regulate commerce Can’t settle disputes between states Can’t enforce laws Can’t raise a standing army 4 Sunday, May 22, y Can’t: defend against internal strife defend against external threat settle interstate fights pass economic legislation enforce laws General agreement heading to philly stronger central government protect individual rights republicanism people have power that is represented Goal: design a viable free nation The New Constitution things to know about the constitution: Basis of representation Virginia plan(representation based on population) New Jersey Plan(equal representation) Great compromise bicameral congress two chambers where both plans are enforced Regional power 3/5 compromise. This means slaves count as 3/5 of a person for political reasons Slave importune ban (1808) To enhance effectiveness strong national government Power over international and interstate commerce (commerce clause) Power to tax and borrow money Power to declare war and maintain an army And to protect liberty 1 Republicanism Make people the basis of power direct election of representatives 5 Sunday, May 22, y 7. “double security” by separating the powers of congress horizontally and vertically Protecting Liberty from national power 1 republicanism make people the basis of power direct election of representatives 8. “double security” Federalism maintain strong state governments separation of powers 9. Bill of rights 1/26 the constitution Important sections Article 1, section 8 “The congress shall have the power to..”(list of 17 things) These are called expressed powers Congress can do things “necessary and proper” to carry out listed powers 6 Sunday, May 22, y This is the elastic clause which implies congress has powers not specifically outlined, called implied powers McCulloch v. Maryland a necessary and proper clause empowers congress to create a national park. The enumerated powers of congress include the power ro regulate interstate commerce, collect taxes, and borrow money When state and US laws conflict, which wins? This is the supremacy clause An important case for this is Edgar v. MITE corp. An amendment requires 2/3 house, 2/3 senate, 3/4 states There are 27 amendments out of 10,000 proposed (0.3 approval rate) The Supreme Court: shall be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the congress may from time to time ordain and establish Does not enumerate power of judicial review What people argued in favor of the constitution Federalists: favored the constitution (esp. stronger federal government). Strong federalists were james madison and alexander hamilton Federalist #51- how can we stop ambitious rulers from tyranny 1 separation of powers no one has absolute power each branch selected differently House direct election(2 years) Senate: States(6 years) President: electoral college (4 years) 10. Federalism antifederalists argued against the constitution didn’t want the government to be over bearing. Famous antifederalists were thomas jefferson and patrick henry 7 Sunday, May 22, y Antifederalists #17 what kid of government does the constitution create? Concerned abut proposed powers to: tax and borrow money regulate commerce between state maintain military overrule state laws read the bill of rights 8
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