Review Sheet for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
Review Sheet for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Bonine and Hulshof ECOL 406R506R Fall 2007 Conservation Biology 27 October 2007 Suggested Review Topics for Second Exam 100 points on Thursday 01 November 2007 Please review your readings and lecture notes for material through 25 October 2007 Ch58 and other assigned readings Your exam will take place in two parts The rst will be a typical individual exam which should take you about 50 minutes The second part will be about 25 minutes in groups of four students on a short set of additional questions See your syllabus for grading details The following questions were generated as I looked through my lectures and lecture notes There may be information about a topic in more than one lecture If there is a topic we didn t discuss in lecture then I probably won t ask about it on the exam unless it is a major concept or idea from your assigned readings 02 October 2007 Scott Bonar Arizona Fishes How did Dr Bonar describe the sh habitat and sh assemblage in the southwest US How do cottonwood trees alter the habitat for long n dace on a daily basis What did Dr Bonar describe as the top two threats to native shes in Arizona How were sh moved from the eastern US to the west in the early twentieth century TrueFalse Introduced shes also bring along introduced diseases like Asian tapeworm Did Dr Bonar think science was the most important component of successful conservation How does the sport shing industry impact conservation in Arizona What are some aspects of successful restoration that Dr Bonar discussed WSQM P N 04 October 2007 Ed Moll River Turtles 9 What is the biggest threat to Asian river turtles 10 What selective force likely led to the thick shell bones in river turtles 11 In 1900 how was the drummer population managed by the sultan 12 What was the problem for turtles with the 13 hunter 13 government 13 recruitment plan of turtleegg conservation 13 Which country is probably the biggest consumer of turtle products 14 Other than the biggest threat you answered about above can you list three other threats to river turtles 15 Describe two pros and two cons to ex situ turtlerearing strategies 16 Why is marking of released captive bred turtles important 17 What is an umbrella species Is this different from a agship species 18 How should we protect river turtles 09 October 2007 Taylor Edwards Conservation Genetics 19 What did Mr Edwards say was the best way to protect desert tortoises Did it involve spending more on genetics research 20 Why is understanding the concept of r vs Kselected species important in conservation 21 What biological and political differences exist for the Sonoran and Mohave tortoise populations 22 What does a typical graph of geographic distance vs genetic distance look like 23 What can genetics tell us about metapopulation dynamics 24 With what phenomenon is the chytrid fungus associated 25 When was the last time the Bolson tortoise was in the US naturally 26 How can genetics be used in forensics 11 October 2007 Paradigms in Conservation 27 What are ve detrimental effects of small population sizes 28 Do small populations always end up going extinct 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 Bonine and Hulshof ECOL 406R506R Fall 2007 Describe the concept of effective population size What is the premise behind which the inbreeding coef cient is calculated Approximately what effective population size is typically needed for natural selection to be a more important evolutionary force than chance ie drift Describe the mechanisms by which two of the extinction vortexes discussed in class lead to population crashes What is the utility of the HardyWeinberg equation How is Wright s Fixation Index calculated What does this index tell you How could it be used by a conservation biologist How do you calculate equilibrium heterozygosity What is biogeography Compare dispersal and vicariance as mechanisms in biogeography Graph the Equilibrium Theory of Island Biogeography How has this theory been useful in conservation biology What is missing from the theory that we know we often need to consider Explain how plate tectonics and Wallace s line are related What is an adaptive radiation Can you give two examples Explain the concept of a metapopulation Why is this idea appealing to many conservation biologists How does it affect reserve design What is the importance of habitat heterogeneity for biodiversity What are two classes of disturbance How might disturbance be correlated with biodiversity in some situations 16 October 2007 Kathy Gerst Invasive Species 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 De ne invasive species Does this de nition include native andor exotic species How far back do you go before a species is no longer exotic Why do they put those little umbrellas in exotic drinks Why are invasive species more and more common today as compared to 200 years ago What is the tens rule Do invasive species affect local economies Describe ve typical characteristics each for invasive species and invaded habitats Give two examples each of accidental introductions escaped introductions and intentional introductions Do any of these upset you more than others What are the four potential ecological impacts of invasive species as described by Ms Gerst Can you give an example of each What are the important things to keep in mind when considering a biological control agent Can you give examples of disastrous and successful biological control programs Have you seen the movie Cane Toads An Unnatural History At what point on the population growth curve is it probably best to try and tackle invasive populations What is the role of education in controlling invasive species 18 October 2007 Populations and some Genetics and some Reserve Design 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 What was Dr Melanie Culver s main conclusion after studying mountain lion genetics for her dissertation What biogeographic conclusions did she come to Explain what a microsatellite is and why it is useful Does natural selection act on microsatellites Why is mtDNA useful in population genetic studies How are Wright s FST estimates related to Slatkin s migration estimates How are both potentially useful in the context of restoration What does the acronym PVA mean What kinds of data do you need to do PVAs Compare logistic and exponential population growth What is the allee affect 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 Bonine and Hulshof ECOL 406R506R Fall 2007 What is a structured population model Why might this be more useful to a conservationist than an unstructured model In a stable population on average how many offspring from each mother survive What does a lambda value of 12 mean Based on the several PVA models we discussed for Mountain Lions what is the likelihood of the Florida Panther population surviving to the year 2500 Why have a core buffer and transition zone in a biosphere reserve How is fragmentation of habitat related to road building What is the edge effect Which species tend to do better in edgetype habitats Explain how a corridor could be either habitat or a death sentence depending on the species 23 October 2007 Tumacacori Highlands Debate 68 69 70 71 72 Should the Tumacacori Highlands be designated wilderness by the US Congress Why or why not What was the goal of the 1964 Wilderness Act What information would you like to see proponents of the wilderness designation use to gain its passage Do you think wilderness designation is an appropriate scale of protection for biodiversity in this country How should we deal with borders immigrants drug smugglers etc in the conteXt of conservation in Arizona 25 October 2007 Matt Skroch Sky Island Alliance 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 Suerte What is the goal of the SIA What is a sky island What four large biomes come together in southern Arizona and northern MeXico According to Mr Skroch what is the biggest challenge to passage of something like the Tumacacori Highlands Wilderness Designation How are mythbusting and relationships related What is the role of compromise in conservation What are the relative sizes of an individual skyisland and the home range of a black bear or mountain lion What is the role of roads in habitat fragmentation Where do most nonpro t conservation organizations like SIA get most of their money Why does Mr Skroch profess to not really like this What does it mean to cherrystem in the roads Do you think cherrystemming weakens the wilderness designation or reduces its effectiveness in maintaining high levels of biodiversity How many con rmed jaguars spend time in the US today
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