Government 2306: Federalism
Government 2306: Federalism GOVT 2306
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Benjamin Galicia on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GOVT 2306 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Iliyan Iliev in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 150 views. For similar materials see State and Local Government in History at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 01/27/16
Government 2306 – Federalism State and Local Government Capacity to play central in U.S. system Bureaucracy Responsible and democratic gov’t Federalism and intergov relations o 50’s – 60’s “ineffective services o 80’s – now “resurgence, proactive” Capacity Increased cap Improve performance and rev syst. Expand state op. Nat. – state conflict Challenges of Local Government Fiscal Stress Interjurisdictional conflict Political corruption Federalism? People and territory covered by 2 or more gov’t Confederalism o Used in articles of confederation o Power equal throughout Why? Conflicts with confed. Sort out powers between state and national Made possible in Supremacy Clause of Article VI Benefits Time and place info Local Gov specialize better with certain problems Overlapping power can cover dif. Issues Shifts and Rise Policy making Expansion since 1930’s o New Deal Public work program Regulatory Programs i.e. banking, utilities, social security o Great Depression Market crash of ‘29 Unemployment and failures of business “Top-Down” and “Bottom-Up” policies o Policies start at federal level and move to state (top-down) o Policies start at state and over time move to national level (bottom-up) Developments in Federalism NO gov’t interfered with another Federal Gov’t o National Security o International and Interstate commerce o Large scale Capital Proj. Local and State o Pub. Safety, Ed., Social Welfare o Roads, Public Improvements, Reg. commerce and workplaces Changes of the New Deal Policy o Workplace law o Regulation of business and commerce o Social Welfare Fed. Gov’t o Perception and realities of racism by state and local gov’t o Professional federal bureaucracy Top-Down Policy National Gov’t dominate choices Referred to as Picket-Fence federalism o Benefits include: vertical alliances, specialization o Drawbacks include: mandates sometimes unfunded, delegation and monitoring problems Local levels administer public policies Vertical relationship federal to local Policy Instruments Positive incentives (carrots) o Fiscal policies o Tax incentives Negative inducements (sticks) o Tax expenditures o Regulations and Laws Power of Government National government State Government Coin money Tax Run elections Regulate commerce Money Intrastate commerce Tax Banks Establish forms of Treaties Property state and local Laws Laws Gov’t War Protect public Postal system health