WEEK ONE NOTES - WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY
WEEK ONE NOTES - WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY SOC 110
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carissa Fahey on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 110 at University of North Dakota taught by Ashley Leschyshyn in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of North Dakota.
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Date Created: 01/27/16
• What is sociology? ◦ study of social behavior and human groups ◦ 2 different viewpoints: ▪ Micro perspective (small scale social interaction - face to face setting) ▪ Macro perspective (large scale social interaction - large settings ie. social institutions) -criminal justice system -family • Isn’t sociology common sense? ◦ false • Sociological Imagination ◦ applying critical thinking to social problems or issues and thinking outside of the box (leave own viewpoints out of arguments) ◦ individual problems in relation to wider society ◦ intersectionalities: take into account unique characteristics, race and ethnicity, gender, etc variables ▪ critical thinking: personal troubles (micro), public issues (macro) • Major Theoretical Perspectives ◦ Functionalist Perspective (macro): how does something function in society ▪ social order and stability ▪ social institutions = interdependent ▪ criticism - very conservative, can’t explain social change ◦ Conflict Perspective (macro): ▪ society is not in order and not stable ▪ inequalities ▪ coercion and power produce social order ▪ conflict = capitalism = competition ▪ criticism - very liberal, doesn’t explain stability in society ◦ Interactionist Perspective (micro): ▪ social construction - something such as gender which has no meaning, then society gives it a purpose ▪ born with a sex, not a gender -small scale interaction -criticism - ignores “bigger picture"
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