EGY Art Notes for Jan 27th
EGY Art Notes for Jan 27th ARH 300
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Pontin on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 300 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Nicholas F. Hudson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Egyptian Art in Art History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 01/27/16
The following notes are reinterpreted from Dr. Hudson’s lecture on Jan. 27, 2016. ARH 300 Egyptian Art Djoser: 3 Dynasty (ca. 26862613) Stepped Pyramid of DJoser Five Kings: 1. Sanakhte Ruled ca. 18 yrs. 2. Djoser Ruled ca. 19 yrs. 3. Sekhemkhet 4. Khaba 5. Huni Memphite = from Memphis Saqqarah: the necropolis for the regal family of the royal court at Memphis. Mastaba: Small platform of Cory stoned, built upward to stick out and be visible form Black lands, land of the living. Mastaba seen as most popular form of tomb. o Vertically decline into deep shafts and bed rock of the desert, leading to burial chambers of the deceased. Contains: Mummies funerary furniture o Important to aristocracy as well o Temenos walls: wall separating the profane (the outside world) from the sacred. Djoser Pyrmaid Layout: o North Court (not yet excavated) The following notes are reinterpreted from Dr. Hudson’s lecture on Jan. 27, 2016. o Northern Temple o Hebsed Court o South Court South Court Chapel of South tomb Phases: o Phase 1 = mastaba o Phase 2 = stepped pyramid o Phase 3 = bigger stepped pyramid 3 phases due to long lifetime of Djoser Architect: Imhotep o Deified at end of life for all life accomplishments: Djoser pyramid along with poetry. sciences and literature Ptolemaic figurine: shows Imhotep’s impact and importance on Egyptian architecture The following notes are reinterpreted from Dr. Hudson’s lecture on Jan. 27, 2016. o Originally covered in white limestone Time and erosion reveals layer of sand stone as seen today Walkthrough/Layout o Bordered with false entrances as there is only one true entrance. Palace façade o Doorway tall and narrow Ceiling made of stone imitating logs o Opens up to large courtyard of colonnades engaged column: column built into wall Effect: restricts walking pathways, flow o After courtyard, entrance way into the South court o South court: o Hedsed lined with false temples to serve as shrines Temples held niches where statues of Djoser resided, celebrating his jubilee to rule o North face of payramid: Lays seated staute of Djoser: Serdab statue To be viewed through holes of wall. Serdab holes serve a roost/open vessel for the Ka (the spirit) to enter and leave the statue Nemes: head cloth worn over wig Headscarf/symbol of the power of the royalty Along with false beard, symbol of pharaoh Statue holds a flail and Sheppard’s crook o Flail: tool used to fresh wheat or whip slaves Reference to agricultural connection Wears long, white gown =hedsed festival o Under pyramid: Lay ca. 40,000 stone vessels Made of alabaster o South Tomb: Believed location of where Djoser’s innards was kept Palace façade The following notes are reinterpreted from Dr. Hudson’s lecture on Jan. 27, 2016. Above doorway: sedge plant design Sedge plant: symbol of Upper Egypt Where as in the North House reside Papyrus columns o Papyrus: symbol of Lower Egypt Blue Chambers: embedded in rock walls Tubelike structure resembled reeds; rolled up blinds creating illusion to doorway Viewer then given privileged access to relief on wall.
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