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German 200 Week Notes from 2/1-2/5

by: Kristen Notetaker

German 200 Week Notes from 2/1-2/5 GER200

Marketplace > Pennsylvania State University Altoona > GER200 > German 200 Week Notes from 2 1 2 5
Kristen Notetaker
Pennsylvania State University Altoona
GPA 3.87
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Contemporary German Culture
Ilse-Rose Warg
Class Notes
German 200




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Notetaker on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GER200 at Pennsylvania State University Altoona taught by Ilse-Rose Warg in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views.

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Date Created: 01/27/16
Monday, February 1, 2016 German 200 - Verein: organization/club for men & women • There was a club for practically everything - Skeat: German card cam - Stamnitisch: organization/club’s group meeting • Working class experienced Industrial Revolution • 1888: 3 year emperor - von: sign for nobility • von Goethe; associated with nobility & literature - 1888- William II came to power • Was in power until 1918 (end of World War I) - Ludwig II used the 1st electric company for his cave where he put on productions - Germany went from Neoromanticism —> German Literary Poetic Realism • Well-known authors: Theodor Fontane, Theodor Storm - Featured story tellers, short stories, novellas (usually ~25-60 pages) - Portrayed time accurately, focused on reality • If you went to the area that was written about, you could see the exact street names & houses used within the stories • Mainly for children, published in monthly journals - Theodor Fontane was more well-known than Theodor Storm Fontane was originally employees by Prussian government • • Didn’t start writing until age of 57 • Writing focused on historical effects - Most famous novel: Effie Breist 1 Sunday, February 7, 2016 German 200 - Realism: ~1865, portrayed time accurately • Inspired by natural events (ex. earthquakes) • Realism in Germany was different from realism in England & France • Realist painters loved landscape - Most famous painting, “3 Women in Church” • Very realistic • 3 generations (married girl, mother & grandmother) - William Livil: a painter - Discovered the beauty & spirituality of Earth - Style was elegant which attracted young painters to his school of realism • Well-known German realist: Wilhelm Leibl • Max und Moritz: first cartoonist in Germany - Showed a mirror in front of people, would have weekly cartoons - Very humorous, played pranks on people of the village - Was featured in newspaper - Naturalism: 1891, only took place in Germany for 1 year • Shows plight of the worker • Short stories, gets to the point right away • Novellas, time frame setting, in order to express opinions, didn’t get censored • Switzerland & Austria both speak German & had German novels • Gottfried Keller: swiss author, humorous, popular in Germany • Well-known: Charles Dickinson 1 Sunday, February 7, 2016 - Theodor Fontane, Theodor Storm, Gottfried Keller & Adalbert Stifter Schultz were all also popular in Germany - Expressionism: focused on feelings & emotional experiences • Expressionist wrote dramas about factory workers & architecture - Had a huge impact in Chicago • William II: emperor, wanted everything bombastic (ex. huge architect with “no style”) - Didn’t have cement back then - He got realism buildings & redesigned factories - Many of the buildings got bombed eventually, used marble instead of cement at the time • Music came from Vienna - William II didn’t like an opera once so he walked out • Music at the time was influenced by Wagner - Yohan Strouse: farther & son, became famous for the waltz • Many discoveries occurred in the 1900’s - Sigmond Freud: conducted psychological studies • Was relatively unknown until 1909 when he came to USA, delivered lectures at Clark University in Massachusetts • Spoke German during his lectures since students understood German due to having to take courses on the language - Steam engine - First cars - Koch: put gelatin substance on dish, tried to find disease causing agents • Injected cows with smallpox then took the serum from the cow’s body, caused a decrease in the number of smallpox cases - Identification of agents that cause sickness (Louis Pasteur) • Boil water and wash hands to not spread disease 2 Sunday, February 7, 2016 • Food spoilage & pasteurized milk also came into focus at this time - Germans waited until 1871 to be united & having an easy trading route throughout the country • Canals systems connected the Baltic Sea to the Channel of the North Sea • There were bridges just for animals to decrease the amount of roadkill • Germany industry flourished - Fredrick II of Prussia had the best education for its people - Elementary schools were established & eventually something like a high school - Exotic animals were considered presents, contributed to the 1st zoo in Hamburg being established - Industrial expansion had economic slumps/recessions but overall was mainly positive - German economy & industry increased due to the steam turban, diesel motor, etc. • Gas & electricity was used for industries • Artificial color helped with the dying industry in Germany • Growing wealth came about for the common people - 4 classes • 1st class: on the train they were secluded, had servers, comfortable seating • 2nd class: similar to first class on the train, however they were self serve • 3rd class: on the train they had no seclusion, had wooden benches • 4th class: had to sit on their luggage on the train, very uncomfortable - Transportation of goods & military became efficient due to trains, not cars • People thought that there was nothing else to discover in physics - Max Planck asked if there was anything new 3 Sunday, February 7, 2016 • Maxwell Hertz worked on 1895-1905 electromagnetic waves x-rays (“rontgem”) • Used for medicine & industry to detect flaws in steel/other metals • People died due to being around the rays too much - Theory of electron followed quantum theory & the theory of relativity 4


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