Class Note for ECOL 406R at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Lecture 02 23 Aug 2007 Ecological Footprint 1 39 What 15 Conservation Biology quotquotm 39quot 39ecture new please see us a er class Conservation Biology ECOL 406R506R University of Arizona Fall 2007 Kevin Bonine Cathy Hulshof Upcoming Readings today Textbook chapter 1 Noss 1999 Tues 28 Aug Textbook chapter 3 Callicott 1997 tmmMe eandCavmll Thurs 30 Aug Textbook Ch 3 Leopold readings Q1 due 30 Aug ifyou choose to answer mwnkmmn um mmmmmm mm inmamamswwmmmwhanmuhmnmdm msmuml m ijemm ufmnmnwpymw vim mm mnmshan dandamm b mwmwmmmmw ammmmmuymmiwmmus WNWtvath mm swam mw Wk 11km mmmm hmmhynmunmmswnl aa smmmmwmammsm mmxmmmmmm mywmmasmm thvusllyvf rnmmvha mum ka amusing AMuAlmx menmmymhshadm halts maul mm Pam mm s m was Wasn t swam mm mmmm m mman Hawkmtmm summer mammmmm mammalquot m m 1an mm Mum am mmmmammm massz 1mm mwmmms mm 41 um Immm hhmnzmuk mem matammmmmams wdhs mm mama nsvmmbmhmm mam m7 Wk mum 17 mm mm zmhlhl mmlnnlybzmgwmmdu Wm smtm m m m was new Wm WWW my 17 smmdmm swam m m is th unmannth 5mm mtmme my W Mdmmwmyv us umw Haw unwmbsmm mn rmm39stm mahmyhmmg utmth imam medlpmmzwutmsmssm zmmnygwsmamw Wm waning mmm mmmmmm mm mm mammmmwhuu m n maul n umkEnmmEL m N am cu m ammm Ki u SunWl39ninu WM610LMLIX mm human Quiz What were two ofthe four questions that the Noss 1999 paper attempts to address numn hluluuh lw mm H mm mm m mNM pinhmln nl walnut 1 ismquot 1 m tppmpr Mum m wilwn Wu lunimumc n An ue lg wnwiwhml lunlugm pm m i 4 ix mmrimlmn Ixiuli tumult mm nlhrr will r 1 1171 lemme imllmgcmam din lt llnm39 l nmm wt nl stc Distinguish between Conservation and Preservation as de ned in the Noss paper Itle m u v39h m mm lulm lt it lllill unlum mt pln mun mm m 1mm n mud Eur m iunllml ml iwlllr mm u ml lm mm ms llLupnhs d 4 J numwu mm 1 m u um u nt l mml lu mum cmnll H mm h nu mu m 1 S o 406L 506L Lab Friday tomorrow 1230 S or W side BSE 4th and Highland Hat water sunscreen closetoed shoes Readings on Course Website 24 Aug Turnarnm Hm and lntruductiun VAN eculugical research study pluts geulugy Tucsun basin desert vegetatiun intrudu iuns and schedules http WWWsuslainabletucsonoIg tlon h pIWWWBC oalitionorgindex hunl Think Globally Act Locally a What is Conservation Biology When and what were the origins of the discipline Figure 15 The Em mus oi Ute imur ml szsa39ralum Einlagy published in May 1937 thograph comm or E quot View Ms 2nd mi 1997 5 Van Dyke Chapter 1 p 4 Ethical and Conceptual Roots 1 Intrinsic Value ammo 2 Ecosystem services 3 Aesthetic spiritual enrichment Van Dyke Chapter 1 p 5 Genuine and enduring conservation can occur only when humans knowingly use resources at less than maximum sustainable rates or forgo the use of some resources altogether RESTRAINT Philosophy eg Plato Religion eg Judaism Nobility and their Forests RomanticTranscendentalist Ethic vs Resource Conservation Ethic Preservation vs Conservation 4 Wm 5mm and W Brennan andehgun znns Modern Con Bio starts in Colter s Hell John Colter 1807 Lewis and Clark Yellowstone Area Tlrnmas Moan mumr is letognyhby Mm 127 We ka mu Roma nticTranscend entalist Ethic Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau John Muir Sierra Club 1892 NGO Education Lobby LawPolitics Yellowstone National Park 1872 Yosemite National Park 1890 ESA 1917 gt Nature Conservancy 1950 Ralph Wald Emersun 18031 882 quotpoeticotmmpogeologi lr John Muir 18381914 A Successful life quotTo laugh often and much to win the respect ofintelligent people and the affection of children to earn the appreciation ofhonest critics and endure the betrayal of false friends to appreciate beauty to find the best in others to leave the world a bit better whether by a healthy child a garden patch or a redeemed social condition to know even one life has breathed easier because you have livedquot 7 Ralph Waldo Emerson r l To Roosevelt it was clear that a handful of individuals and their companies were reaping most of the profits from natural resources that rightfully belonged to all CltlZenSlIaanke2ump In early 1900s Trustbustel Resources for use but forever National Wildlife Refuge System 52 designations by TR 17 18174862 Teddy Roosevelt president 19011909 The greamst good for the greatest number for the longest timequot Henry David Thoreau Many go shing all their lives without knowing that it is not sh they are a er Beware of all enterprises that require new clothes It is not wonhwhile to go around the world to count the cats in Zanzibar Wherever arnan goes men will pursue him and paw him with their dirty institutions and ifthey can constrain him to belong to their desperate oddfellow society m mlquot L3 mow znnz n l tri Llul Wanner Gifford Pinchot resource conservation ethic 1 Equity 2 Ef ciency 9 H mow znnz Erhard vim eat tiara oi its U s Fuesl Sewireundlllhel l lhelswm i rsremsrettt n m an liqiml mlld in t2 n ma meant ile rein sen m agmimrai a i see reset ainnterng lSCI mute er thilaryJ minquot 12 H vent Sustainable Use Maximum Sustained Yield USE those resources Aldo Leopold Game Management 1932 A Sand GazingAlmanac 1966 revolutionecology land ethic quotgm I5 momma Madam eul Mmha enhwVam wuhamlnndlalheid i mayquot ian a it Land Health and the AB Clavage Commodities A vs Processes B res sides zuld hikl Dtvvlnpmcm in xims Yaqui V39nlll39y Brennan andwnhvauzm Modern Conservation Biology National Parks US Transferable Rachel Carson 57ent Spring 1962 Bioaccu mu la on rLevels and scale rEnvironmemal degradation mreaten human heam Increased Public Awareness W and Mann Herman and William m5 Journal of Wildlife Management 1937 Wildlife Society Bulletin VS Conservation Biology Biological Conservation movement from individual game species to large scale and generalized approaches Melfe ma Carroll 1997 Is consenation biology a distinct discipline Biodiversity levels and scales Prevent degradation and loss 1 Scarcity and Abundance 2 Value laden and mission driven 3 Diversity and complexity good Untimely extinction bad 4 Evolution is good genotypic variation process 5 Biotic diversity has intrinsic value Suul s nurmauve postulates see a traits in van owe cm p 15 crius tllwiplntcs n39u thus i mixture at sci ln L39I l l disciplines one must nut lk39l39urc ltllUWlH39 Hm I39 once ttntl m1 tuid llicii tll39allll lL LlulICs intuition in well tlgt tnlhrmztuonquot Suul WXSl w Noss 1999 1985 the founding of the Society For 39mtscrwlinn Biolng SCBL ytilll tlk chliL il mission quotto help dcvclop tht witniin c Jlltl technical man For the protection mumtc mce tlntl requmtiun nt l Hi this planet it spur x ilogiunl tllld cvoltninnur processes tntd m pttrliculut39 ttnd tom etttitntmtent quot from Noss 1999 25 pquot v I we 39JMvniuih we l t39nxstmm39nnx Witt Wm i l HULUGY Wm K mun quot In 391 quotw r c m 394 in Jul l mu l m v 6 Crisis Discipline 1 Problems Addressed by Conservation Biologists 1 Genetic Diversity variation inbreeding drift hybridization 2 Species MVP PVA small populations declining populations metapopulations 3 Habitat loss fragmentation isolation heterogeneity 4 Ecosystem Processes scale 5 Human sustainability the crux systems chcrlliclcss cunscrwlllon bltilu ingl rccngnl lull llic proximulc und u ilmulc llln uls lo blULlchl iy virluiilly all have lri do with humuns Noss 1999 p 118 1948 In 1948 3 Evelyn Hutchile wul m kl nl lllL litngcrs ul39 lllL39 expanding lmnmn pupululion and lllL disruplmn ul39 geochemical cycles one oulcnme atquot which could be glnlml wurming from Nos 1999 a miunmmm m e m Humans on planet Earth MM um m 31 M um AF rm a A we Mandi mr For Today please calculate your ecological footprint TWICE Once for your life here in the US A second time using the same information but choose a different country httplwvaearthdaynetfootprintindexasp Frequently Asked Questions re Ecological Footprint http HWWW rprogress orgecologicaljootpriritfootpriritiFAOS htrn Bring the Numbers to Class on Thursday Convert to Acres Ecological Footprint The big choices seem to matter the mos transportation food unprocessed local trophic level housing reproduction Recycling etc important but not as big an impact Paper or Piasuc r Bririg your OWN ii i m ZKTAugusEZEIEW 39 Ecological Footprint 2mm Reproduction m if quot g Hou5lng 1250 GtosAL FECYARGE Trave allm M ESECTLSI 8 Food quot quot quot quotquot emsswag o 7 Etc mm roormur 19 22x247 6 9 acres 39 m conARxsoN was mums Ecotoereu roormm in you couNTRv IS 1 2 atom Hzcmzs gt61 person nominee mass msr 15 ontoGlCAttv momma atom nzmazs am vERsoN o I O r zvzmnz nvza uKEvou we womb NEED is vaErs a E S o a a a Infrastructure and Lifestyle comm mm only mus Develop ed Countries 12 billion people 19 high average per capiba purchasing power have 85 world s wealth I P A T use 88 natural resources generate 75 wasm and pollution Environmental Impact Population X Affluence X Technology of a society consumption Poor parenls in a developing country 81 of me people need to have 70200 have 15 world s wealth chlldren to equal the use 12 world s natural resources impact of 2 Us produce 25 waste and pollution children Developing Countries 39 Theoretical Basis of Conservation Biology G O O Q Q 0 O Metapopulations a Island Biogeography MacArthur and O G O C O Wilson 1963 One of Commoner39s lasting legacies is his four laws of ecology as written in The Closing Circle in 1971 The four laws are 1 Everything is Connected to Everything Else There is one ecosphere for all living organisms and what affects one affects all 2 Everything Must Go Somewhere There is no quotwastequot in nature and there is no away to which things can be thrown 3 Nature Knows Best Humankind has fashioned technology to improve upon nature but such change in a natural system is says Commoner likely to be detrimental to that system 4 There Is No Such Thng as a Free Lunch In nature both sides of the equation must balance for every gain there is a cost and all debts are eventually paid 40 i m mum iaguoegu l mm a a imam n nulnhnl D wllllnnu no hmlll or mix r rrgurrm 7 Testabe Hypotheses Lngmnrnn i will Lad Milan n in ll Th resholds corridor craze Figure l 1 ml at l w n 1i r 41 Van Dyke 2cm Noss 1999 Is there a special conservation biology Origins Soul etal 1978 SCB 1986 Conservation Biology 1987 Ideas H39ecautionary Hinciple Value Laden Species differences Umbrella species Advocacy Responsible Advocacy Ethical Advocacy p117 Noss 1999 tropical rainforest vs economic development program Is ConBio distinct discipline u Pattern and Generality vs Special Case p 116 Noss 1999 to Science Management Policy
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