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Survey of Prokaryotes Chart

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by: Marin Young

Survey of Prokaryotes Chart BIOL 2041

Marin Young
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About this Document

Carefully compiled from seven pages of personally written notes, this table organizes and highlights patterns in the information covered in the Bergey's Manual lectures.
Dr. Lee Hughes
Class Notes
micro, Biology, Bacteria, Microbiology




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marin Young on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 2041 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. Lee Hughes in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Microbiology in Biological Sciences at University of North Texas.

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Date Created: 01/27/16
Domains Bacteria and Archaea: A Survey of Prokaryotes Marin Young Volume Group Gram Oxygen Example Genera Medical/Industrial Other Notes Tolerance Archaea Euryarchaeota Methanococcus The kingdoms Euryarchaeota and Halobacterium Crenarchaeota were established by Thermoplasma comparing rRNA, but this is likely Thermococcus outdated now Archaeoglobales Archaeoglobales reduce sulfate for Crenarchaeota Sulfolobus chemical energy Eubacterial Deep Lineages: very old and very - Aquifex Hyperthermophile (85 C), hardy chemolithotrophs (energy only from inorganic compounds) acteria + Deinococcus Extremely resistant to desiccation and These guys tend to live in radiation, without endospores; has G- structure ply branching and such extreme environments Photosynthetic Green Sulfur Anaerobic Chlorobium that we don’t interact with Lives in mud layers Bacteria Green Non-Sulfur Chloroflexus them too much. Filamentous; uses gliding motility; can be photoheterotroph in light or chemoheterotroph in dark phototrophic B Cyanobacteria Aerobic Anabaena Can fix nitrogen in heterocysts (special anoxygenic cells that share resources within the filament) Archaea and dee I: α (alpha) Some are - Rickettsia Rocky Mountain spotted Obligate intracellular parasite; non- photosynthetic fever motile; oligotrophic (requires few nutrients) β (beta) Aerobic Neisseria Gonorrhea, meningitis One of few groups of G- cocci; non- motile γ (gamma) Aerobic Pseudomonas Pneumonia, many others Pseudomonas is named for tuft flagella, Biggest, most diverse Vibrio Cholera uses Entner-Douderoff pathway instead group of Escherichia Intestinal infections of glycolysis, and has green pigments proteobacteria Vibrio is comma-shaped and mostly aquatic δ (delta) Myxococcus Chemoheterotrophic with gliding II: Proteobacteria motility and complex communication: multicellular fruiting bodies disperse spores when nutrients are low ε (epsilon) Helicobacter Stomach ulcers (H. pylori) Bacilli and Lactobacilli + Bacillus is Bacillus Food poisoning (B. cereus), Firmicutes aerobic; anthrax (B. anthracis), BT Known for low GC content (DNA has others vary insect control (B. more AT than GC pairs) and identified thuringiensis, via protein by peptidoglycan structure differences crystals) Includes spore formers, pathogens, and bacteria used in food, especially dairy icutes Lactobacillus Yogurt Streptococcus Strep throat, S. Bacillus is a catalase + spore former that Firm pneumoniae, dental produces the antibiotic bacitracin biofilms (S. mutans) III: Staphylococcus Skin infections Clostridia Anaerobic Clostridium Botulism (C. botulinum), Clostridium forms endospores Epulopiscium tetanus (C. tetani), gas Epulopiscium is a million times larger gangrene than E. coli, size of some protozoa Spirochaetes: flexible spirals with axial - Borrelia Lyme disease (B. Borrelia is associated with ticks filaments (corkscrew within the periplasm) burgdoferi) -p of Treponema Gum disease (T. denticola), syphillus (T. pallidum) All MashMollicutes N/A Mycoplasma Atypical pneumonia Mycoplasma are tiny and lack cell walls, - which makes them fastidious—they need very specific conditions, usually a Catchelve Phyla A host cell Chlamydiae - Chlamydia STIs Non-motile cocci, obligate intracellular IV: parasite No real sub-grouping + Mostly Corynebacterium Whooping cough (C. Corynebacterium is a facultative aerobic diphtheriae) anaerobe Actinobacteria, or Actinomycetes, are known Mycobacterium Leprosy, tuberculosis Mycobacterium is known for acid-fast for high GC content. Some make filamentous staining due to mycolic acid in cell wall hyphae and form asexual spores at ends of Streptomyces Streptomyces produces Streptomyces is filamentous and non- mycelia. many antibiotics pathogenic and can make dry spores (dormant and desiccation-resistant but Actinobacteria not protected from heat, UV) V: Propionibacterium Acne, holes in Swiss cheese Propionibacterium is anaerobic Notes: This guide was produced for Dr. Hughes’ Fall 2015 Microbiology course at the University of North Texas. It contains essentially all information from the two lectures over Bacteria and Archaea; any omitted information is omitted specifically due to Dr. Hughes’ omission of the same material. I hope this way of organizing the information helps you! Please report any errors to Thanks for using my notes, and happy studying!


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