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Test 2 review

by: Toby Tso

Test 2 review Music 1302

Toby Tso

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About this Document

Notes/Review for test 2
Michael Drake
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Toby Tso on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 1302 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Michael Drake in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views.

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Date Created: 01/27/16
 Jazz is improvisational art  Blues -> important form of jazz music, intensely personal o 12 bars long “12 bar blues” o 32 bar, AABA form  Jazz was born in New Orleans  Descendants of slaves helped create jazz  January 26, 1861 -> Louisiana seceded from the union  Ragtime -> created in 1890’s by black piano players o Syncopated music, up beats + down beats o Primitive morality  Creole musicians and black musicians merged music and created jazz  Second line music o Born in New Orleans from funeral o Went from depressing (before body was lowered) to happy celebration of that person’s life (after body was buried)  Jass became Jazz because of children’s pranks  Dancing was very popular o Vermont & Irene castle -> elegant dancing  WWI changed jazz music  Mutes -> made trumpets sound softer, changes sound dramatically  KKK was at large, targeting blacks and lynching them  NAACP launched a crusade against lynching, encouraged blacks to build their own institutions  1920 -> prohibition law passed o Caused numerous speakeasies to pop up  Territory bands  Record companies created race-specific/race targetted music o Race records became very popular o Black swan records – fully black records company  Buddy Bolden o First jazz musician to be celebrated o Invented the beat 4 for 4 beat drums & cymbal  Jelly Roll Morton o Had a huge ego, thought as ‘master of jazz’ o Exceptional piano player o ‘Dead Man Blues’  Sidney Bechet o Played clarinet and was able to keep up with Armstrong o Switched over to soprano saxophone  Freddy Chaplin o Immensely insecure, draped handkerchief over instrument o Turned down offer to record jazz for the first time  The Original Dixieland Band o White group, recorded jazz for the first time (1917) o Claimed to create jazz  Little Louis/Louis Armstrong o The embodiment of jazz, possibly greatest jazz musician o America’s music Shakespeare o Worked for a jewish family who was kind to him and bought him his first instrument o Got in trouble, sent to colored waif’s home -> became a great band leader o Left New Orleans at 21 to join King Olliver’s band in Chicago o Sang in the ‘Heebie Jeebies’ (formed scat singing)  Duke Ellington o The greatest of all American composers o His mother, Daisy, treated him like a special child with big race pride o Got a gig at a very popular Harlem club restricted to whites -> The Cotton Club o His music was reffered to as ‘jungle music’ o First black band leader with a nationwide broadcast (1927)  King Olliver o Was greatly admired by Louis Armstrong o Left New Orleans for Chicago  Bix Beiderbecke  James Reese Europe o Played for 15 regiment o Toured and played all over Europe o “The Memphis Blues” o Was given name “Hell Fighters” after surviving Trench Warfare  Smith and Johnson o Two exception black piano players in Harlem o Stride piano bc left hand was always striding  The Austin Highgang o Group of young white boys fascinated with black music o Visited Armstrong in Chicago often  Paul Whiteman o A formerly trained violinist but left symphony for jazz music o Brought order to jazz music o Supposed ‘king of band’  George Gershwin o Grew up listening to jazz o Mixed classical music and jazz (Rhapsody in Blues)  Fletcher Henderson o Black musician who played for white dancers only  Bessie Smith o Faced down KKK and chased them away o Talented singer -> backwater blues  Benny Goodman o Grew up in poor Jewish family o Great clarinet player o Got an offer to join a jazz dance band in California o Father died before he could hear him play, greatly affecting his music  Ethel waters o Harlem based, distinct tall black singer o Known for her light, airy voice


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