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HIST 1200 Week 1 of Notes

by: Matthew Dlugos

HIST 1200 Week 1 of Notes HST 1200-04

Marketplace > Wright State University > History > HST 1200-04 > HIST 1200 Week 1 of Notes
Matthew Dlugos
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These notes cover the first three days of classes and define/explain the terms given.
The West and the World since 1500
Lewis Calvin Lane
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Matthew Dlugos on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 1200-04 at Wright State University taught by Lewis Calvin Lane in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 156 views. For similar materials see The West and the World since 1500 in History at Wright State University.


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Date Created: 01/27/16
The West and the World since 1500 HIS 1200­04 History Notes: (Week 1) Terms (Set 1): th  Ordinal Centuries (16  Century = 1500s)  BC = Before Christ  BCE = Before Common Era  AD = Anno Domini (“in the year of our Lord”)  CE = Common Era  circa or c = around  b = born  d = died    Pre­Modern/Early Modern/Modern/Post­Modern    Renaissance Humanism     Concepts of the “classical”  Francesco Petrach (1304­1374) Renaissance – “re­birth” of the ancient world ­ Early Modern Italy = birthplace of the Renaissance Concept of Return to a Golden Age: Classical D ark Age Rebirth of C lassical • Ancient G reece & • M iddle Ages • Renaissance Rom e • (c600 – 1350) •(c1350 – c1600) • (c1700 BC E – c600 C E) Francesco Petrach: (1304­1374) ­ Rediscovered speeches by Cicero (d. 44 BC) ­ Focus on eloquence and the practical **The practical everyday life of a baker or blacksmith was just as worthy as the life of a monk. Terms (Set 2):  Lorenzo Valla (1407­1457)  Ad fonts (“to the sources”)  Desiderius Erasmus (1466­1536) The West and the World since 1500 HIS 1200­04 ­ Praise of Folly  Thomas More (1478­1535) ­ Utopia Humanism: (basic characteristics) ­ sense of a return to classical past ­ appreciation for historical context ­ practical; concerned with daily life ­ concerned to make statesmen and leaders more ethical Lorenzo Valla (1407­1457) ­ taught eloquence (Rhetoric) ­ exposed historical hoaxes ­ used linguistics to recognize historical change “Donation of Constantine”: ­ discovered in 1050 ­ supposedly written around 320AD by Constantine ­ gives secular power over a chunk of land in Italy to the pope. ­ Valla discovered that this was a Forgery  Showed progress of a practical change of history to humanists. Desiderius Erasmus (1466­1536) ­ Praise of Folly (written in 1519)  play on Thomas More’s name in title  most iconic text of entire Renaissance  satirical (sarcastic) with biting criticism of religious devotion. ­ Textual scholar **Never left Catholic Church contrary to his opinion in his text. Thomas More (1478­1535) ­ Utopia  perfect society that “doesn’t exist” (Greek translation) ­ Statesman ­ Beheaded by Henry VIII  because he refused the Reformation, which Henry VIII was trying to promote. Terms (Set 3):  Ferdinand of Aragon & Isabella of Castile (m. 1469)  Decree of Alhambra (1492)  Holy Roman Empire/ 7 Electors The West and the World since 1500 HIS 1200­04  Lorenzo the Magnificent (1449­1492)  Girolama Savonarola (1452­1498)  Pope Julius II (1443­1513)  Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475­1564) Black Plague: (1348) ­ Killed close to ½ the population of Europe over a period of 2­3 years. King Ferdinand of Aragon & Queen Isabella of Castile ­ Joining of crowns of 2 kingdoms created Spain as we know it today. ­ Sent Columbus on his way. Holy Roman Empire:  ­ Made of 100s of small territories mainly in Germany. ­ Each territory has its own ruler (prince, duke, etc.)  Of those 100+ rulers, 7 are “electors” – they elect the Holy Roman Emperor. Lorenzo de Medici (aka Lorenzo the Magnificent) ­ Ruler of Florence (1449­1492) ­ Held Italy in a balancing act ­ Kept all states balanced & kept relative peace Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475­1564) ­ From Florence ­ Reconquista: Spain controlled by Christian rulers, not Islam. ­ 1492  Decree of Alhambra  reversed in 1968  sent all Jews out of Spain (F & I) ­ 1492  Lorenzo the Magnificent dies, family loses power. ­ In Rome, he carves The Pieta (Mary holding Jesus’ dead body after he was taken down from the  cross)  often considered the most important statue carved during Renaissance ­ Paints the Last Chapel  conveys Christian images in a Greek style (beardless Jesus)  witnessed a lot of change. Girolama Savonarola (1452­1498) ­ extremely popular Monk, leads Florence when Lorenzo de Medici dies. ­ turned Florence into a theocracy (based on spiritual beliefs: Christianity) ­ burns art as decadent and lavish distractions  causes Michelangelo to leave Florence for Rome in 1492 ­ 1498  Pope burned Savonarola alive because he was getting too big of a head The West and the World since 1500 HIS 1200­04  even called the Pope “not a Catholic”. Julius II – “Great Warrior” Pope ­ wants glory and prestige through artwork ­ 1508  lures Michelangelo to paint Sistine Chapel ceiling  Michelangelo spent years painting it till 1512 1498 = Medici power restored Charles V – single most powerful man of Europe (Hapsburg Family) ­ King of Spain (1527) ­ Holy Roman Empire ­ grandson of Ferdinand & Isabella  his army invades Italy in 1527  troops get out of hand and take the Pope hostage.


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