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Week Three Notes

by: Grace Gibson

Week Three Notes 4150

Marketplace > Clemson University > Psychlogy > 4150 > Week Three Notes
Grace Gibson
GPA 3.88

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About this Document

These are the notes from lecture, not the book.
Systems and Theories
Edwin Brainerd
Class Notes
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grace Gibson on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 4150 at Clemson University taught by Edwin Brainerd in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Systems and Theories in Psychlogy at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 01/28/16
 St. Augustine wrote a major work called Confessions and he believed in a very close, born-again relationship with God o he throws a wrench into science and learning with his view that God has given us all the knowledge that we need to know o he thought that trying to learn anything new was an affront to God himself  the Arabic countries discovered the scientific method way before Europe did  they were more sophisticated scientifically overall  St. Augustine warns that dabbling in their science was the way of the devil  scientific discovery just absolutely dies in Europe (The Dark Ages)  China, Persia, Arabic countries are blossoming with knowledge  the Muslims eventually basically capture southern Europe  the europeans manage to hold the Islamic invasion by pure luck  Charles Martel manages to put together an army that is able to hold the invasion  during the middle ages, things get a little better o the church still holds knowledge in an iron grip o but the church founds the great universities of europe (basically monasteries) o a lot of the work that was done is copying books o these become places of knowledge and learning o we run into the problem of scholasticism: which is taking an acceptable fact approved by the church and you go back and see what earlier people have written about it (research)  St. Thomas Aquinas was a major theoretical writer in the middle ages o nickname was dumbox o writes about important catholic theology o book: Summa Theologica o get Aristotle and other ancient greeks accepted by the catholic church by saying Aristotle’s book was Soul and Spirit rather than Mind and Spirit o takes the clamps off of learning that St. Augustine put on o he said when you discover things you’ll be amazed at what God created o all sorts of learning blossoms now  during the renaissance people began to take a mechanical view of the world o believed the planets went in their orbits because of mechanical forces, rather than God guiding each individual planet o leaves fall because of gravity, not because God makes each on fall o people are looking for knowable causes o kings and queens built lavish homes to show off and statues became popular in the huge gardens o they brought Automata statues into their gardens (mechanical statues that moved) o this leads to the idea that if we can understand how these machines work, we can understand how humans work o we’re just big, magnificent machines o Charles Babbage and his calculating engine that can give you answers to math problems, can play chess o know about Ada, Babbage’s girlfriend o this showed that even human thought can be investigated scientifically o determinism: things happen for a reason o reductionism: break things down to parts and deal with each part o De Cartes


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