History 150: Classical Greece 2
History 150: Classical Greece 2 150
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
1/15/16: Classical Greece. Classical Greece: Political and Cultural Developments in the CityState of Athens. **test questions** Perspectives on the political system: Plato. o Aristocrat by birth and temperament. o Did not think that common man was capable of sensible participation in politics. o The Republic. The common man lacked wisdom; was not guided by reason but by desire. The common man chose leaders for nonessential reasons, such as persuasive speech, good looks, wealth and family background. Believed that the duties of government should only be performed by philosophers who would approach human problems with reason and wisdom. In his ideas state, philosopherkings would rule; along with well governed state. Classical Sculpture and Architecture: Archaic style of sculpture. o 6 century. Kouros (youth). Influenced by Egyptian style statues. Stiff. Straight posture. Not very detailed. Classical style of sculpture. o Naturalism + Realism + Idealism. 5 century. Polyclitus’ Doryphoros (spear carrier). Has movement. Toned and defined. Emotional. Idealism. The Parthenon on the Acropolis (built 447432 B.C.E). o Parthenon. $1 billion worth in today’s money. Dedicated to Athena goddess of Athens, war and wisdom. o Acropolis. Built on higher ground to signify importance. 1/15/16: Classical Greece. Classical style of architecture. o Buildings are used to demonstrate power and wealth. o Symmetry, harmony and balance in the construction of their temples. o Moderation in detail. Philosophy: Socrates. o Engaged in conversations that were made significant in thinking critically. Socratic Method. o A form of teaching that uses a question and answer format to enable people to reach conclusions by using their own reasoning. o “The unexamined life is not worth living.” o “No greater good can happen to man than to discuss human excellence every day.” Change in climate due to Athens’ defeat in the Peloponnesian War (431404 B.C.E). o Defeated by Sparta. Socrates’ death in 399. o Charged with… Corrupting the youth of Athens. Not worshiping the city gods. o Drank poison.
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