History 150: The Roman Empire 2
History 150: The Roman Empire 2 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
1/22/16: The Roman Empire The Roman Empire: continued. ***test questions*** Housing. Insulae (islands). o Multistory apartment buildings. o Overcrowded. o Sanitation problems. The diet of lowerclass Romans. o Very little meat. o A lot of bread. Received most of their wheat from Egypt and North Africa. o Cheese. o Grapes. o Wine. o Olives. Emperors and the provision of “Bread and Circuses” for the masses: Augustus distributed free grain to about 200,000 people in Rome. o Assisted people with food issues. o Paid for the wheat with his (Augustus) own money. o This occurred every month. o About 1/3 of the city’s population. This action continued even after Augustus’s reign. Provision of entertainment—80 C.E. o Free entertainment. The Colosseum in Rome. Opened by Emperor Titus. Funded by emperors. Dominated the landscape where it was located in the city. Could seat up to 50,000 people. Several levels. 76 entry ways. Gladiator events. o Popular part of Roman culture. o Seneca’s commentary on the gladiatorial games. Seneca said: “There is nothing more harmful to one’s character than attendance at some spectacle, because rises more lazily creep into your soul 1/22/16: The Roman Empire while you are being entertained. When I return from some spectacle, I am greedier, more aggressive and more cruel and inhuman.” The Martyrdom of Vibia Perpetua. 64 C.E. First persecution of Christians by Emperor Nero. o He blamed the Christians for the suspicion of him for the fire outbreaks in the city. o Sporadic persecutions soon followed. Tacitus’ descriptions: Mockery of every sort was added to their deaths. Covered with the skins of beasts, they were torn by dogs and perished, or were nailed to crosses, or were doomed to the flame and burnt, to serve as a nightly illumination, when daylight had expired. Nero offered his gardens for the spectacle, and was exhibiting a show in the circus, while he mingled with the people in the dress of a charioteer or stood aloft on a car Hence, even for criminals who deserved extreme and exemplary punishment, there arose a feeling of compassion, for it was not, as it seemed, for the public good, but to glut one man’s cruelty, that they were being destroyed. o 2,000 Christians in Carthage out of a population of c. ½ million. This happened to be a very small number at that time. Martyrdom. The trial and death of Vibia Perpetua in Carthage, North Africa, in 203. o She came from a wealthy family. o Converted to Christianity; along with her brother and two of their house maids. o 22 years old. o Had an infant son. o Her faith trumped her sense of authority. o Her lack of loyalty to the emperor was seen as treason. o Killed by an inexperienced gladiator with two shots. o Became a saint after her death. 313 C.E. o Persecution ended when Emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan that granted religious toleration. One of every 100,000 Christians during this time period were executed. 1/22/16: The Roman Empire 392 C.E. o Emperor Theodosius made Christianity the state religion. Christianity outlived the Roman Empire.
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