Sociology 105 SOCL105001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alicia Blackwell on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCL105001 at Eastern Michigan University taught by Luis Felipe Sfeir-Younis in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Eastern Michigan University.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
Unit 2 Research Methods a. Surveys: researchers ask subjects to responds to structured questionnaires. Types of survey questions: Sampling Statistics Issues b. Ethnography: first hand studies using participant observation in which the researcher observers, works with, or lives with those subjects he is studying Issues: Ex: c. Experiments: researchers test hypothesis under very controlled conditions, most in labs. Issues: controlling groups; ethical issues Ex: Zimbardo’s Prison Experiment (1972) d. Comparative Research: researchers compare issues, problems and data from different nations. Issues: comparable data; comparable circumstances Ex: trends in divorce rates in euro and the USA e. Historical analysis: researchers try to search for answers in the past. Content analysis: Oral histories Triangulation Issues: Ex: Culture Why study culture? Culture & Society: it is one of the most insightful window to society, its history and its institutions Global World: Our world is becoming a global society. If you want to understand world events and participate Inter-Cultural skills CUL TURE: THE WAY THAT PEOPLE BEHAVE To become aware of our own culturally condition behavior ad value systems. To become aware of our own culturally conditioned behavior and value with those of other cultures and confront our own cultural misunderstanding and biases. These skills will help all of us to better appreciate our own culture and in particular to enhance our capacity to interact and communicate with a culture different from our own. Learning how to communicate across cultures and solve conflicts that naturally emerge from such intercultural communication. To empower us to develop leadership visions and skills needed to understand and to participate actively in the construction and organization of a more tolerant, just, and enlightened society. th th 18 and 19 century: Rise of the world travel and exposure to created differences th End of 19 century: Anthropologists viewed differences between groups of people as learned and biological. Elements of culture: Non material: Values Symbols Language Rituals Norms Material: Science Technology Material things American Values 1. Achievement and success 2. Beauty details 3. Individualism 4. Activity and work 5. Efficiency and practicality 6. Science and technology 7. Progress 8. Material comfort 9. Humanitarianism 10.Freedom 11.Democracy 12.Equality Symbols Flag Historical monuments Currency Clothes Cars Colors Logos Others 3. Language Language is a set of symbols and rules that, put together in the meaningful way, provides a complex communication system and away to perceive and understand reality Learning the language of the culture is essential to becoming part of a society and it is one of the first thing children learn. Different word for different realities: languages are not just different sets of labels for the same reality. Speakers of different languages have different perceptions of reality. 4. NORMS Cultures and Subcultures Subculture: cultural patterns of particular groups that set them apart from the rest of the population Members of subcultures dress speak or have beliefs different from mainstream American culture Subcultural groups are often the target of prejudice and discrimination due to their lower socioeconomic power. Ex: Donald B Keybill, “The Amish”
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